Prince

115
Nominal Guns98BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorThe Royal Navy
Ordered1779/12/09BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1782/01/01BWAS-1714
Launched1788/07/04BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up1837/11BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Gundeck177' 6"Imperial Feet53.9516 
Length of Keel146' 6"Imperial Feet44.5041 
Breadth49' 0"Imperial Feet14.9352 
Depth in Hold21' 0"Imperial Feet6.4008 
Burthen1,824Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck194' 6"Imperial Feet59.1328 
Length of Keel163' 6"Imperial Feet49.6848 
Breadth49' 0"Imperial Feet14.9352 
Depth in Hold21' 0"Imperial Feet6.4008 
Draught Forward13' 5"Imperial Feet4.0047 
Draught Aft17' 8"Imperial Feet5.2106 
Burthen2,088Tons BM 

Armament


1790Broadside Weight = 958 Imperial Pound ( 434.453 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1790/07750EstablishmentBWAS-1714
1794738EstablishmentBWAS-1714

Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1790/07 - 1790/12CaptainJosiah RogersBWAS-17141793/02 - 1794/01CaptainCuthbert CollingwoodBWAS-17141794/10 - 1795/06CaptainFrancis ParryBWAS-17141795/06 - 1796/06CaptainCharles Powell HamiltonBWAS-17141796/10 - 1799/03CaptainThomas LarcomBWAS-17141799/03 - 1800CaptainSamuel SuttonBWAS-17141800/08 - 1800/10CaptainJames WalkerBWAS-17141800/10 - 1802/04CaptainLord William Carnegie (7th Earl Northesk)BWAS-17141801/11 - 1801/12CaptainJohn Wentworth LoringBWAS-17141803/04 - 1806/03CaptainRichard GrindallBWAS-17141806/03 - 1806/10CaptainWilliam LechmereBWAS-17141806/12CaptainPeter PugetBWAS-17141806/12 - 1807/03CaptainAlexander FraserBWAS-17141813/10 - 1815/05CaptainGeorge FowkeBWAS-17141815/05 - 1815/19CaptainEdmund BoyerBWAS-1714

Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1790/07 - 1790/12Rear-AdmiralSir John JervisBWAS-17141793/02 - 1794/01Rear-Admiral of the WhiteGeorge BowyerBWAS-17141796/10 - 1799Rear-AdmiralSir Roger Curtis (Baronet )BWAS-17141799/03 - 1799Rear-Admiral of the RedSir Charles Cotton (5th Baronet )BWAS-17141804/05/07 - 1805/06/26Vice-Admiral of the BlueCuthbert CollingwoodBWAS-17141813/10 - 1815/05Admiral of the BlueSir Richard Hussey Bickerton (2nd Baronet Bickerton of Upwood)BWAS-17141815/05 - 1815/09AdmiralSir Edward ThornbroughBWAS-1714

Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1790/08/20 - 1790/12/05LieutenantHenry William Bayntunref:6161799/03/28 - 1800/11/27LieutenantJohn BowkerNBD18491803/04/05 - 1804/07/03LieutenantWilliam BlackNBD18491803/04/19 - 1805/11/12LieutenantAbel FerrisNAO1804/04/13 - 1804LieutenantAbraham BaldwinNAO1804/04/13 - 1806LieutenantWilliam GodfreyNAO1804/08 - 1807LieutenantSamuel BurgessNBD18491804/09/03 - 1806LieutenantSamuel BurgessNAO1804/11/21 - 1806/10/27LieutenantWilliam KellyNAO1804/12/17 - 1806LieutenantJames HallNAO1805LieutenantAbel Ferrisref:8151805/02/14 - 1806LieutenantJohn EdwardsNAO1805/06/05 - 1806LieutenantJohn BerryNAO1805/10/27 - 1806/12/30First LieutenantWilliam KellyNBD18491805/11 - 1806/02/05Acting LieutenantJohn BinghamNBD18491813/10/09 - 1815/04LieutenantGeorge ButlerNBD18491813/11/03 - 1815/05/11Flag LieutenantHenry BoyesNBD1849

Petty Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1795 - 1797MidshipmanArchibald BlackNBD18491796 - 1797Master's MateJames BrockmanNBD18491799MidshipmanGeorge BrineNBD18491803/07 - 1807/02MidshipmanPeregrine BowenBWAS-17141804 - 1805/02/08MidshipmanThomas BurdwoodNBD18491805/08 - 1807/04MidshipmanJohn Hoskins BrownNBD18491812/05 - 1814MidshipmanRobert Augustus BradshawNBD18491814 - 1814/11MidshipmanArchibald CampbellNBD18491814 - 1815Master's MateJohn Williams AldridgeNL18651814 - 1815/02/22MidshipmanGeorge Hans BlakeNBD18491815Master's MateJames AndersonNL1865

Crewmen


DatesRankNameSource
1805 - 1806Able SeamanThomas Simonds AkersNL18651805/07/25 - 1805/081st Class VolunteerJohn Hoskins BrownNBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
1790/07Commissioned for the Spanish ArmamentBWAS-1714
1790/10Fitted at Plymouth at a cost of £6,227.17.8dBWAS-1714
1790/12Paid offBWAS-1714
1793/02RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1794/01Paid offBWAS-1714
1794/10RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1795/06/23Action of Ile Groix
1796/06Paid offBWAS-1714
1796/06/02Ordered to be lengthened at Portsmouth with a new 17 foot section insertedBWAS-1714
1796/10RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1796/11Completed lengthening at a cost of £31,267BWAS-1714
1798At the Blockade of CadizBWAS-1714
1799Service in the ChannelBWAS-1714
1799/04/07

Sailed from Portsmouth

TNC
1799/06/01Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1800Service in the ChannelBWAS-1714
1800/02Started making defects goodBWAS-1714
1800/04Completed making defects goodBWAS-1714
1802/04Paid offBWAS-1714
1802/05Started a very small repair at PlymouthBWAS-1714
1802/06Completed very small repair at a cost of £8,668BWAS-1714
1803/04Began fitting at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1803/04RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1804/01Completed fitting at a cost of £17,110BWAS-1714
1804/12At the Blockade of BrestBWAS-1714
1805/10/21Battle of Trafalgar
1806/10Laid up at PlymouthBWAS-1714
1806/12RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1807/03Paid offBWAS-1714
1808Placed in ordinary until 1813BWAS-1714
1813/08Started refitting as a guardshipBWAS-1714
1813/10Completed refitting at a cost of £20,861BWAS-1714
1813/10Recommissioned as guardship at SpitheadBWAS-1714
1816/04Fitted at Portsmouth as a victualling vessel and as accomodaiotn for dockyard officials. Completed 1816/06BWAS-1714
1837/11Broken up at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
// 


Notes on Ship



The dimensions taken from Rif Winfield's British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714-1793 are after the 1796 lengthening, the dimensions taken from Lavery are as designed.

Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
B065 The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
ref:616 Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
NBD1849 A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
NAO The National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
ref:815 Trafalgar Roll (Partial) Web Site
NL1865 The Navy List 1865The AdmiraltyDigital Book
TNC The Naval ChronicalVariousBook
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by TopNard on Friday 14th of October 2016 12:13

http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk/index.php?topic=18598.0


Posted by cy on Friday 14th of October 2016 10:53

Hi Topnard
Thanks for the info, but no source indicated and no date for the armament list. The Prince (not HMS until mid 19C) was not originally armed with carronades.


Posted by TopNard on Friday 14th of October 2016 10:28

HMS Prince was armed with 28 32pdr long guns on the lower gun deck, 30 18pdr long guns on the middle gun deck, 30 12pdr long guns on her upper gun deck, with 8 more 12pdr long guns on her quarterdeck and 2 on the forecastle. In addition, she carried 6 12pdr carronades on her poop deck and 2 more on the forecastle. There would also have been 20 or so half-pounder swivel guns on her upper deck handrails and in her fighting tops

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