Constant Warwick

11979
Nominal Guns34B028
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyBritish Fourth Rate frigate 'Constant Warwick' (1649) (32)
Ordered3.1663/64BWAS-1603
Keel Laid Down1666B028
Acquired21.6.1666BWAS-1603
First Commissioned7.6.1666
ShipyardRatcliffe B028
Designed byPeter Pett (1610-1672)B028
ConstructorJohn TippettsB028
CategoryFourth RateB028
Ship TypeFrigate
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Captured12.7.1691B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel90' 0"Imperial Feet27.432 
Breadth28' 2"Imperial Feet8.5408 
Depth in Hold12' 8"Imperial Feet3.7592 
Burthen379Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel90' 0"Imperial Feet27.432 
Breadth28' 2"Imperial Feet8.5408 
Depth in Hold12' 0"Imperial Feet3.6576 
Burthen379 7594Tons BM 

Armament


1677Broadside Weight = 150.5 Imperial Pound ( 68.2523 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck20 British Demi-Culverin
Upper Gun Deck18 British Saker
Quarterdeck4 British Saker

1685Broadside Weight = 141 Imperial Pound ( 63.9435 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck18 British Demi-Culverin Drake
Upper Gun Deck18 British 6-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 3-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1666180 BWAS-1603
1666150 W014
1.7.1673140ADM 8/1/1ADM8-DB
1.1.1679/80180War at home ADM 8/1/113 (42 guns)ADM8-DB
1.1.1679/80150War Abroad ADM 8/1/113 (36 guns)ADM8-DB
1.1.1679/80115Peace ADM 8/1/113 (36 guns)ADM8-DB

12 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
7.6.1666 - 24.2.1666/67CaptainRobert Ensom (d.1666/67)BWAS-16033.4.1667 - 5.9.1668CaptainArthur Herbert (1648-1716)B0511.4.1669 - 28.1.1671/72CaptainJohn Waterworth (d.1672)B05110.4.1672 - 23.6.1672CaptainThomas HamiltonBWAS-16032.6.1673 - 27.7.1674CaptainJoseph HarrisBWAS-16039.4.1677 - 18.7.1679CaptainRalph Delavall (c.1641-1706/7)BWAS-16038.4.1680 - 5.1682CaptainJohn Ashby (d.1693)BWAS-16036.5.1682 - 1.1685CaptainHenry WilliamsBWAS-16031689CaptainGeorge Byng (1663/64-1732/33)B0511689 - 1690CaptainAbraham Potter (d.1694/95)BWAS-16031690 - 1691CaptainJohn Beverley (d.1698/99)BWAS-16031691 - 12.7.1691CaptainJames Moody (d.1724)TRN2

5 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1668LieutenantHenry Killigrew (1652-1712)ref:10591669First LieutenantEdward CotterellB05124.6.1672 - 1.6.1673CaptainGustavus HorneBWAS-16037.1681 - 1681LieutenantJohn Munden (d.1718/19)W01410.7.1686 - 1688CaptainCharles SkeltonBWAS-1603

2 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
30.10.1686 - 19.11.1687Master's MateJoseph Reeves (c.1657-?) ADM 107/1/5ADM 107/11689 - 12.7.1691MidshipmanThomas Gordon (c.1667-?) ADM 107/1/76ADM 107/1

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
24.9.1682 - 7.5.1683Able SeamanBowden Nightingale (c.1659-?) ADM 107/1/18ADM 107/1

Service History


DateEventSource
2.1667

Off the mouth of the Tagus , fought a large Dutch privateer, which, after a short action, made sail and escaped

BWAS-1603
1669

In The Mediterranean Sea

BWAS-1603
28.5.1672Battle of Solebay
2.1673About 170 leagues from the Lizard, and in charge of an outward-bound convoy, fell in with a Dutch privateer carrying two tiers of guns, and fought a smart action with her at half pistol shot; but, owing to the roughness of the sea, the Constant Warwick, in the endeavour to open her lower ports, shipped large quantities of water. This misfortune, and the leakages occasioned to her by shot-holes, reduced her almost to a sinking condition; and, her powder being all wet, and her rigging badly cut, she was at length obliged to discontinue the engagementTRN2
28.5.1673First Battle of Schooneveld
4.6.1673Second Battle of Schooneveld
11.8.1673Battle of Texel
31.8.1673

Pay record starting 4.3.1671/72 for a period of 19 months, 2 weeks & 0 days for a value of £4,641.0.0d. ADM 8/1/10

ADM8-DB
28.9.1673

Convoyes to ye Herring Fisher off Great Yarmouth . ADM 8/1/23

ADM8-DB
1677Refitted as a 42 gunner
5.1677To BarbadosBWAS-1603
9.1677At BarbadosB093
4.3.1678/79

At Barbados receiving papers to be carried to England

B093
18.7.1679

Paid off

BWAS-1603
12.1680Order from the Admiralty to Captain Sir John Ashby, of H.M.S. Constant Warwick. To receive Sir Richard Dutton with his four-and-twenty servants on board and transport them to Barbadoes, touching in the passage at the Madras [sic. ? Madeira] or such other places as he shall direct, and continuing there for such time as he shall desire, not exceeding four days.BWAS-1603
30.12.1680

Warrant from the Commissioners of the Admiralty to Captain Ashby of H.M.S. Constant Warwick, to convoy the merchant ship laden with Sir R. Dutton's baggage to Barbados .

BWAS-1603
1685Refitted as a 40 gunner
10.7.1686

Commissioned as guardship at Portsmouth

BWAS-1603
30.6.1690Battle of Beachy Head
1691Refitted as a 28 gun Fifth Rate
12.7.1691

Taken by the French squadron of the Comte de La Roche-Courbon-Blenac in the West Indies

TRN2


Notes on Ship


Letter concerning the action of February 1672B051

Constant Warwick, Feb. 10, 1672



Having certain ships outward bound under our convoy, we came up on Thursday last, about 170 leagues from the Lizard, with a ship carrying Hambrough colours, who, upon our commanding him on board with a gun, immediately put up a Holland ensign, and a Flushing jack, and put himself in a posture of engaging us: we thinking to have boarded him to rights, made up to him to fasten our boltsprit in his shrowds: but he, being aware of our intent, put his helm a weather, and turned his ship round, so that we could not fasten, but shot ahead of him; and afterwards we exchanged several broadsides within half pistol shot of one another, though our lower tier of guns was made useless by the violence of the wind, the sea running so high that it came in amain at our lower port holes; in the mean time the Caper (the privateer) fought so as not to forget to retreat when he should see his opportunity, which was not hard for him to do, we having lost great part of our rigging, and received three unlucky shots between wind and water, and taken in so great a quantity of water in our port holes, that at three o'clock in the afternoon, we found five feet seven inches water in our hold, and the gun room full to the hatches; and that both our upper and lower tier of powder was made unserviceable, being all wet; we not having, besides, ten rounds left in all; by which means he escaped. This Caper is a fly boat of two tier of guns.



Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
B065The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
W014Anglo-Dutch Wars BLOGJames C BenderWeb Site
ADM8-DBADM 8 Database ProjectSamuel McLeanArchive
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
TRN2The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol IIWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book
ref:1059Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900 Digital Book
ADM 107/1ADM 107/1 1691-1703 Lieutenants' passing certificates. Archive
B093Calendar of State Papers (Colonial, America and West Indies)W. Noel Sainsbury and J.W. Fortescue (editors)Document
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by greig grieve on Monday 9th of July 2018 22:31

There are references in the London Gazette.


Posted by cy on Tuesday 28th of November 2017 17:20

Mark
There are certainly some ships muster books for the Conatsn Warwick surviving in the archives at Kew. Also if Sylvester RIchmond served as a naval medical officer then there should be a record of his warrant, also at Kew. None of these records are digitised yet though so the only way to find out is a personal visit.


Posted by mark richmond on Tuesday 28th of November 2017 16:50

James Yonge in his diary (q.v) says that Dr Sylvester Richmond was a doctor on HMS Constant Warwick before going to Liverpool. Is there any other confirmation that Sylvester was on HMS Constant Warwick? Do crew lists exist still exist?

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