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Alfred

11993
Nominal Guns30DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorContinental Navy
Previously
Purchased3.12.1775DANFS
ShipyardPhiladelphia - Pennsylvania NDARI
CategoryUnratedDANFS
Ship TypeShipDANFS
Sailing RigShip RiggedDANFS
Captured9.3.1778DANFS
Becomes
British armed ship 'Alfred' (1778) (20) 1778-1782
British 20 Gun
Unrated Armed Ship

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentW027
Length of Gundeck92' 0"Imperial Feet28.0416 
Breadth27' 0"Imperial Feet8.2296 
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 
Displacement300Imperial Feet 
Burthen440Tons BM 

Armament


1775Broadside Weight = 120 Imperial Pound ( 54.42 kg)DANFS
Gun Deck20 American 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 American 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 American 6-Pounder

11.10.1777Broadside Weight = 90 Imperial Pound ( 40.815 kg)W027
Gun Deck20 American 9-Pounder

4.12.1777Broadside Weight = 108 Imperial Pound ( 48.978 kg)W027
Gun Deck20 American 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 American 6-Pounder

9.3.1778Broadside Weight = 90 Imperial Pound ( 40.815 kg)W027
Gun Deck20 American 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1775220Establishment?DANFS
18.2.1776229 W027
11.10.1777160 W027

4 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
3.12.1775 - 8.9.1776Captain
Dudley SaltonstallAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1845
8.9.1776 - 8.9.1775Lieutenant
Jonathon PitcherAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1845
W027
22.10.1776 - 19.1.1777Captain
John Paul JonesAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1845
20.1.1777 - 9.3.1778Captain
Elisha HinmanAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1846

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
3.12.1775 - 1776Commodore
Esek HopkinsAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1802
DANFS

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1776 - 1777Lieutenant
John Peck RathbunAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1782
DANFS

1 Marine


DatesRankNameSource
22.10.1776 - 20.1.1777Marine Captain
Edmund ArrowsmithAmerican
Marine
Service 1747-1847
W027

Service History


DateEventSource
3.3.1776Part of flotilla that captured Fort Montagu - Nassau
4.4.1776Part of flotilla that captured
Hawk 1775-1776
British Unrated Schooner
- 6 guns schooner and
Bolton (12) 1775-1776
British 12 Gun
Unrated Sloop
- 8 gun bomb

6.4.1776In action against the
Glasgow (20) 1757-1779
British 20 Gun
6th Rate Ship

8.4.1776Arrived New London, CT
18.10.1776
Providence (12) 1775-1779
American 12 Gun
Unrated Sloop
parted company in need of repair

26.10.1776Left Providence, RI in company with the Hampden which soon returned to port
28.10.1776Joined by the
Providence (12) 1775-1779
American 12 Gun
Unrated Sloop
with the former crew of the Hampden

11.11.1776Took Brig Active out from Liverpool
12.11.1776Took Armed Transport Mellish - carrying uniforms for British troops in Quebec
16.11.1776Took the snow Kitty
22.11.1776Ships boats burned a transport and captured small schooner at Canso - Nova Scotia
24.11.1776Captured three Colliers of Louisburg - bound for Nova Scotia
26.11.1776Captured the John of Liverpool - 10 guns - which was sailing under a letter of marque
15.12.1776Arrived at Boston and began a refit
22.8.1777Sailed for France in company with
Raleigh (32) 1776-1778
American 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate

4.9.1777Action of 1777-09-04
6.10.1777Arrived at L'Orient having captured four small prizes on route
29.12.1777Sailed for America - taking a small sloop of the west coast of Africa
9.3.1778Taken by
Ariadne (20) 1776-1814
British 20 Gun
6th Rate Ship

9.3.1778Taken by
Ceres (18) 1777-1778
British 18 Gun
Unrated Sloop



Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
3.12.1775-1776First American Flottilla 1775
Esek HopkinsAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1802
 

Notes on Ship


Original Name
Originally a Merchantman called the Black Prince 1774/09 in Philadephia
First American Naval vessel
The first and largest ship to be commisioned into the Continental Navy, and was the flagship of the first American naval flotilla
Builder
It is possible that the Alfred may have been constructed by John Wharton.

 

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