Alfred

11993
Nominal Guns30DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorContinental Navy
PreviouslyAmerican Merchant ship 'Black Prince' (1774)
Purchased3.12.1775DANFS
ShipyardPhiladelphia - Pennsylvania NDARI
CategoryUnratedDANFS
Ship TypeShip DANFS
Sailing RigShip RiggedDANFS
Captured9.3.1778DANFS
BecomesBritish armed ship 'Alfred' (1778) (20)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentW027
Length of Gundeck92' 0"Imperial Feet28.0416 
Breadth27' 0"Imperial Feet8.2296 
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 
Displacement300Imperial Feet 
Burthen440Tons BM 

Armament


1775Broadside Weight = 120 Imperial Pound ( 54.42 kg)DANFS
Gun Deck20 American 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 American 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 American 6-Pounder

11.10.1777Broadside Weight = 90 Imperial Pound ( 40.815 kg)W027
Gun Deck20 American 9-Pounder

4.12.1777Broadside Weight = 108 Imperial Pound ( 48.978 kg)W027
Gun Deck20 American 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 American 6-Pounder

9.3.1778Broadside Weight = 90 Imperial Pound ( 40.815 kg)W027
Gun Deck20 American 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1775220Establishment?DANFS
18.2.1776229 W027
11.10.1777160 W027

4 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
3.12.1775 - 8.9.1776Captain Dudley Saltonstall8.9.1776 - 8.9.1775Lieutenant Jonathon PitcherW02722.10.1776 - 19.1.1777Captain John Paul Jones (1747-1792)20.1.1777 - 9.3.1778Captain Elisha Hinman

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
3.12.1775 - 1776Commodore Esek Hopkins (d.1802)DANFS

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1776 - 1777Lieutenant John Peck Rathbun (1746-1782)DANFS

1 Marine


DatesRankNameSource
22.10.1776 - 20.1.1777Marine Captain Edmund ArrowsmithW027

Service History


DateEventSource
3.3.1776Part of flotilla that captured Fort Montagu - Nassau
4.4.1776Part of flotilla that captured Hawk - 6 guns schooner and Bolton (12) - 8 gun bomb
6.4.1776In action against the Glasgow (20)
8.4.1776Arrived New London, CT
18.10.1776Providence (12) parted company in need of repair
26.10.1776Left Providence, RI in company with the Hampden which soon returned to port
28.10.1776Joined by the Providence (12) with the former crew of the Hampden
11.11.1776Took Brig Active out from Liverpool
12.11.1776Took Armed Transport Mellish - carrying uniforms for British troops in Quebec
16.11.1776Took the snow Kitty
22.11.1776Ships boats burned a transport and captured small schooner at Canso - Nova Scotia
24.11.1776Captured three Colliers of Louisburg - bound for Nova Scotia
26.11.1776Captured the John of Liverpool - 10 guns - which was sailing under a letter of marque
15.12.1776Arrived at Boston and began a refit
22.8.1777Sailed for France in company with Raleigh (32)
4.9.1777Action of 1777-09-04
6.10.1777Arrived at L'Orient having captured four small prizes on route
29.12.1777Sailed for America - taking a small sloop of the west coast of Africa
9.3.1778Taken by Ariadne (20)
9.3.1778Taken by Ceres (18)


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
3.12.1775-1776First American Flottilla 1775 Esek Hopkins (d.1802) 

Notes on Ship


Original Name
Originally a Merchantman called the Black Prince 1774/09 in Philadephia
First American Naval vessel
The first and largest ship to be commisioned into the Continental Navy, and was the flagship of the first American naval flotilla
Builder
It is possible that the Alfred may have been constructed by John Wharton.

 

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