Buffalo

13177
Nominal Guns50BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyBritish Third Rate ship of the line 'Buffalo' (1743) (70)
Ordered7.2.1777BWAS-1714
Acquired7.2.1777BWAS-1714
First Commissioned28.3.1777
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
Ship Class1733 Establishment 70-Gunner
ConstructorThomas HollandBWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up10.1783BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck151' 0"Imperial Feet46.0248 
Length of Keel122' 0"Imperial Feet37.1856 
Breadth43' 6 ½"Imperial Feet13.1191 
Depth in Hold17' 9"Imperial Feet5.2143 
Burthen1,230 2894Tons BM 

Armament


1778Broadside Weight = 414 Imperial Pound ( 187.749 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

13 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
28.3.1777 - 28.4.1778CommanderHugh Bromedge (c.1714-1792) ADM 6/21/271BWAS-171429.4.1778 - 6.5.1780CaptainHugh Bromedge (c.1714-1792) ADM 6/21/397BWAS-17146.5.1780 - 27.8.1780CaptainRowland Cotton (c.1740-1794) ADM 6/22/126BWAS-171427.8.1780 - 28.8.1780CaptainRobert Calder (1745-1818) ADM 6/22/164BWAS-171428.8.1780 - 24.1.1781CaptainJohn Cleland (d.1795) ADM 6/22/164ADM 6/2227.1.1781 - 15.8.1781CaptainWilliam Truscott (1734-1798) ADM 6/22/240BWAS-171415.8.1781 - 1.5.1782CaptainGeorge Robertson (c.1739-1791) ADM 6/22/325BWAS-171424.5.1782 - 17.6.1782CaptainAugustus Montgomery (d.1797) ADM 6/22/472ADM 6/2217.6.1782 - 20.12.1782CaptainJohn Holloway (1747-1826) ADM 6/22/481BWAS-171420.12.1782 - 18.1.1783CaptainWilliam Yeo (d.1808) ADM 6/22/558BWAS-171418.1.1783 - 20.1.1783CaptainEdward Iggulden (1742-1819) ADM 6/23/12ADM 6/2320.1.1783 - 21.1.1783CaptainWilliam Tahourdin (d.1804) ADM 6/23/12ADM 6/2321.1.1783 - 9.4.1783CaptainSamuel Arden (d.1824) ADM 6/23/13ADM 6/23

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
29.4.1778 - 1778Vice-Admiral of the RedMathew Buckle (1716-1784)BWAS-1714

Service History


DateEventSource
3.1777RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1777Refitted as a 30 gun Unrated Storeship
11.6.1777Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
1778With the Downs SquadronBWAS-1714
3.1778Refitted as a 50 gun Fourth Rate Ship of the Line
1779With the Downs SquadronBWAS-1714
7.1779Started a refitBWAS-1714
8.1779Completed refit at a cost of £3,433.5.5dBWAS-1714
31.12.1779Affair of Fielding and Bylandt
2.1780Began coppering and refitting as a guard shipBWAS-1714
4.1780Completed refit at a cost of £4,907.9.11d at Plymouth (including coppering)BWAS-1714
5.8.1781Battle of Dogger Bank
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
9.4.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
10.1783Broken up at WoolwichBWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1782/091782/12Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ADM 6/23ADM 6/23 Commission and Warrant Book 1783-1789 Aug.  Archive
 

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