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Tyrannicide

13296
Nominal Guns14ref:76
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorMassachusetts State Navy
Acquired1776ref:76
First Commissioned7.1776ref:76
ShipyardSalisbury - Massachusetts ref:76
CategoryUnratedref:76
Ship TypeBrigantineref:76
Scuttled14.8.1779ref:76

Armament


1776Broadside Weight = 42 Imperial Pound ( 19.047 kg) 
Gun Deck14 American 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
7.177675 ref:76

4 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
7.1776 - 1776Captain
John FiskAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1826
ref:76
3.1777 - 8.1778Captain
Jonathon HaradenAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1827
ref:76
10.7.1778 - 29.4.1779Captain
John Allen HalletAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1728-1828
B071
1.5.1779 - 1779Captain
John CathcartAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1829
ref:76

4 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
10.3.1777 - 8.11.1777First Lieutenant
Israel ThorndikeAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1827
B071
10.3.1777 - 12.9.1778Lieutenant
Benjamin MosesAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1826
B071
15.9.1777 - 1777Lieutenant
John BrayAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1827
B071
1.4.1779 - 1.5.1779Lieutenant
John CathcartAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1829
B071

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
26.10.1776 - 10.3.1777Master
Benjamin MosesAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1826
B071
22.2.1777 - 1777Master
Benjamin LovettAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1827
B071

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
24.2.1777 - 2.1778Mate
John MarshAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1827
B071

Service History


DateEventSource
8.7.1776Sailed on her first cruiseref:76
12.7.1776Took the packet Dispatchref:76
12.7.1776Tyrannicide vs Dispatch
14.7.1776Took the Schooner
Dispatch (8) 1775-1776
British 8 Gun
Unrated Schooner
off New Jersey

8.1776Cruised, taking four prizes and being chased by a British frigateref:76
29.10.1776Started a new cruise having been re-rigged as a Brig instead of as a Schoonerref:76
24.3.1777Sailed on cruise to the coasts of Ireland, England, and France in company with the Massachusettsref:76
2.4.1777In company with the Massachusetts took the ship Chaulky in latitude 41 30 north and longitude 45 westref:76
8.4.1777Took the bark Lonsdale after a three hour engagementref:76
17.5.1777Engaged by an English ship, escaping to Bilbao by throwing her guns overboardref:76
30.8.1777Arrived in Bostonref:76
30.3.1778Sailed from the West Indies for homeref:76
5.1778Arrived in Bostonref:76
25.9.1778Took the letter of marque brig Junoref:76
9.3.1779Sailed from Nantasket Roads for Martha's Vinyard, but encountered a gale off Cape Cod and ran off to the southwardref:76
29.3.1779Took the privateer Revengeref:76
31.3.1779Took the privateer brig Revenge (14)SSA
25.4.1779Arrived in Boston having taken two further prizesref:76


Notes on Ship


Captain Fisk's report on the capture of the Dispatch, 17th July 1776ref:76
This may serve to acquaint your Honours that in latitude 40 26 north, longitude 65 50 west, I fell in with the armed schooner Despatch from Halifax, bound to New York; and after an engagement of one-and-a-half hour, she struck to the American arms. I boarded her and found on board eight carriage guns and twelve swivel guns, twenty small arms, sixteen pistols, twenty cutlasses, some cartridges, boxes, and belts for bayonets, nine half-barrels powder, all the accoutrement for said cannon. The Commander and one man were killed, and seven others wounded. The crew consisted of thirty men and one boy. I lost one man killed and ten wounded, and my vessel was much shattered, which obliged me to return with my prize, which I have at anchor in Salem Harbour, and wait your Honours orders how to proceed with the prisoners. All the Captain s papers and orders were thrown over board.

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Robert Hamilton on Sunday 20th of December 2020 04:56

Your shipyard site should read Salisbury, Massachusetts.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Tuesday 4th of March 2014 22:19

According to Allen (1927), Tyrannicide was one of the first vessels built for the Massachusetts State Navy. Construction of the vessel took place at Salisbury, Massachusetts between February and June of 1776. Tyrannicide’s first cruise, under Captain John Fisk, began on July 8, 1776. She entered service as a sloop, but was converted to a brigantine within a few months. The vessel’s name is spelled Tiranicide on the privateer bond for the Penobscot Expedition. Reported by Col. John Brewer as “burnt” (Buker 2002). captain John Cathcart commanding her destruction in Penobscot river

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