Fairfax

135
Nominal Guns52B028
NationalityCommonwealth of England
OperatorState Navy
Ordered29.3.1653BWAS-1603
Launched9.1653BWAS-1603
First Commissioned1654B028
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1603
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham B028
ConstructorJohn TaylorB065
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Broken Up1674BWAS-1603

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel118' 0"Imperial Feet35.9664 
Breadth34' 9"Imperial Feet10.4204 
Depth in Hold14' 4"Imperial Feet4.2926 
Burthen756Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel120' 0"Imperial Feet36.576 
Breadth35' 2"Imperial Feet10.6782 
Depth in Hold14' 6"Imperial Feet4.3053 
Draught Aft17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
Burthen789 3594Tons BM 

Armament


1666Broadside Weight = 582.5 Imperial Pound ( 264.1641 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck22 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck4 British Culverin
Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Gun Deck14 British Saker

1672Broadside Weight = 522.75 Imperial Pound ( 237.0676 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck24 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British Saker
Forecastle4 British Saker
Roundhouse2 British Saker Drake
Great Cabin2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1660220 BWAS-1603
1666300 BWAS-1603
1.7.1673400ADM 8/1/1ADM8-DB

14 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1654CaptainEdward BlaggBWAS-16031654 - 1655CaptainJohn Lawson (1610-1665)BWAS-16031656 - 1657CaptainEdward BlaggBWAS-16031658CaptainRobert StoreyBWAS-16031658 - 1659CaptainThomas WhetstoneBWAS-16039.5.1661 - 16.1.1661/62CaptainThomas Teddeman (1620-1668)ODNB7.10.1664 - 30.9.1665CaptainRobert Salmon (d.1665)BWAS-16032.10.1665 - 13.11.1665CaptainJohn WatlyB05111.11.1665 - 3.4.1666CaptainSir Christopher Myngs (d.1666)BWAS-16032.4.1666 - 6.7.1666CaptainSir John Chicheley (1641-1690/91)B0517.7.1666 - 9.11.1667CaptainRichard Beach (d.1692)B05113.1.1671/72 - 18.7.1672CaptainGeorge Legge (1647-1691)B05117.9.1672 - 30.6.1673CaptainSir John Narborough (1640-1688)BWAS-16032.7.1673 - 19.9.1673CaptainDominick NugentBWAS-1603

7 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1661 - 1662LieutenantRobert Mohun (d.1667)B0511662 - 1664LieutenantJohn Waterworth (d.1672)B0511665LieutenantJohn Narborough (1640-1688)B0511672LieutenantJohn Kempthorne (1651-1692)ref:6499.1672 - 1.1673Second LieutenantGeorge Churchill (1654-1710)ODNB1673Second LieutenantJohn WhistonB0511.1673 - 3.1673/74LieutenantGeorge Churchill (1654-1710)ODNB

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
17.9.1672 - 1672Master's MateCloudisley Shovell (1650-1707)ODNB

Service History


DateEventSource
1653At St Helens for the Winter of 1653/54BWAS-1603
20.4.1657Battle of Santa Cruz
1658In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
1659In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
31.7.1661At AlgiersBWAS-1603
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
1666Refitted as a 60 gun Third Rate
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
11.5.1667Was run aboard of by the Pembroke (22) , which sankBWAS-1603
1672Refitted as a 72 gun Third Rate
13.3.1671/72Battle of Smyrna Convoy
28.5.1672Battle of Solebay
11.8.1673Battle of Texel
31.8.1673

Pay record starting 13.1.1672/73 for a period of 21 months, 1 weeks & 2 days for a value of £11,940.0.0d.

ADM8-DB
19.9.1673Bilged on a sandbank at GraysBWAS-1603
5.10.1673Refloated but found to be irreparableBWAS-1603
1674Broken up at WoolwichBWAS-1603

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
16591659British Baltic Fleet 1659Edward Montagu (d.1672)

Notes on Ship


Gun materials in 1672BWAS-1603
the lower and upper deck guns were of iron, the sakers and Great Cabin guns were made of brass

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
B065The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
ADM8-DBADM 8 Database ProjectSamuel McLeanArchive
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
ref:649Mariner's Mirror Vol 012 - Sir John KempthorneG. A. KempthorneDigital Book
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IIJohn CharnockDigital Book
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian on Monday 25th of January 2016 21:53

London Gazette 1665:
Portsmouth, Dec. 12. The two seamen formerly mentioned to have been condemned by a court martial on Thursday last, were yesterday both executed, and hanged four or five hours at the yard arms of the Fairfax. Sir Christopher Mings/Myngs Commander.

Make a comment about this page





Recent comments to other pages
Date postedByPage
Sunday 25th of August 2019 15:42David EckertBritish Third Rate ship of the line 'Terrible' (1747) (74)
Sunday 25th of August 2019 13:16CyWilliam Holburne (c.1711-1760)
Sunday 25th of August 2019 09:49David EckertWilliam Holburne (c.1711-1760)
Saturday 24th of August 2019 15:29David EckertBritish Sixth Rate ship 'Arundel' (1746) (24)
Friday 23rd of August 2019 12:42CyBattle of Vigo