Essex

142
Nominal Guns70B028
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered20.2.1677/78B028
Launched1679ADM8-DB
First Commissioned14.8.1679BWAS-1603
How acquiredPurpose builtADM8-DB
ShipyardBlackwall B028
Ship Class1677 Programme - 3rd RatesBWAS-1603
ConstructorHenry Johnson (d.1683)B028
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1603
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1603
Broken Up to Rebuild1700B028
BecomesBritish Third Rate ship of the line 'Essex' (1700) (70)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Gundeck150' 2"Imperial Feet45.721 
Length of Keel134' 0"Imperial Feet40.8432 
Breadth40' 0"Imperial Feet12.192 
Depth in Hold16' 9 ½"Imperial Feet4.8895 
Burthen1,072Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB032
Length of Keel124' 0"Imperial Feet37.7952 
Breadth40' 3"Imperial Feet12.2682 
Depth in Hold16' 6"Imperial Feet4.9022 
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 
Burthen1,068Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Gundeck150' 2"Imperial Feet45.721 
Length of Keel120' 9"Imperial Feet36.5874 
Breadth40' 1"Imperial Feet12.2174 
Depth in Hold16' 9 ½"Imperial Feet4.8895 
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 
Burthen1,031 8994Tons BM 

Armament


1688Broadside Weight = 588.5 Imperial Pound ( 266.8851 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Demi-Cannon
Lower Gun Deck4 British Culverin
Lower Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British Saker
Forecastle4 British Saker
Roundhouse4 British 3-Pounder

1694Broadside Weight = 588.5 Imperial Pound ( 266.8851 kg)B065
Gun Deck22 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck4 British Culverin
Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Gun Deck14 British Saker
Gun Deck4 British 3-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1689300Establishment for peaceB032
1689380Establishment for war at homeB032
1689460Establishment for war abroadB032

5 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
14.8.1679 - 4.9.1679CaptainJohn Perryman (d.1680)BWAS-16031689CaptainAnthony Hastings (d.1692)BWAS-16031690 - 1692CaptainJohn Bridges (d.1694)BWAS-16031693 - 1694CaptainWilliam Wright (d.1735)BWAS-160324.5.1697 - 18.11.1698Second CaptainChristopher Fogg (d.1708) ADM 6/4/99BWAS-1603

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
24.5.1697 - 1697CommodoreBasil Beaumont (1669-1703) ADM 6/4/99BWAS-1603

3 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
24.10.1695 - 25.12.1695First LieutenantJames Miller ADM 6/3/97ADM 6/324.10.1695 - 25.12.1695Second LieutenantWilliam Villiers Beaumont (1676-1697) ADM 6/3/97ADM 6/324.10.1695 - 25.12.1695Third LieutenantGeorge Martin (d.1724) ADM 6/3/97ADM 6/3

4 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
17.6.1690 - 9.7.1693MidshipmanJohn Cockburn (c.1666-c.1731) ADM 107/1/73ADM 107/125.12.1690 - 6.9.1691MidshipmanJohn Humphreys ADM 107/1/90ADM 107/13.5.1691 - 28.7.1691Boatswain's MateJohn Lillywhite (c.1667-?) ADM 107/1/93ADM 107/129.7.1691 - 3.6.1693MidshipmanJohn Lillywhite (c.1667-?) ADM 107/1/93ADM 107/1

2 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
18.2.1688/89 - 1.1692VolunteerJohnathon Dodson ADM 107/1/28ADM 107/111.4.1690 - 2.5.1691Able SeamanJohn Lillywhite (c.1667-?) ADM 107/1/93ADM 107/1

Service History


DateEventSource
14.8.1679Commissioned only to be moved to Chatham DYBWAS-1603
19.5.1692Battle of Barfleur
25.4.1694Took the Privateer Ship La Naiade (16) BWAS-1603
18.11.1698Paid offADM 51


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
ADM8-DBADM 8 Database ProjectSamuel McLeanArchive
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
B065The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
B032The Fighting Ship in the Royal Navy 897-1984E. H. H. ArchibaldBook
ADM 6/3ADM 6/3 Commission and Warrant Book 1694/5 Jan.-1696 25 May Archive
ADM 107/1ADM 107/1 1691-1703 Lieutenants' passing certificates. Archive
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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