Richard and Benjamin

Nominal Guns26
NationalityCommonwealth of England
OperatorState Navy
CategoryHired Vessel
Ship TypeShip
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Returned to Owners1652


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Burthen308Tons BM 

1 Commanding Officer

1652CaptainJohn SherwinBWAS-1603


BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook

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Posted by Wendell Shivers on Wednesday 24th of October 2018 14:32

Thomas Chevers - The Imigrant b. 1607 - Monkstown, Dublin County, Ireland d. Feb 7-8 1663-64 - Surry County , Va

Excerpt by Thomas Montgomery Reference document links for complete versions

Possibly the Thomas, who, with others of the family, was listed as an officer of the 1649 lot loyal to King Charles I and King Charles II thus losing his lands in the Barony of Bargy, County Wexford, by Cromwellian confiscation.

In the same month and year that his brother was banished to Connaught, Thomas set sail for the colony of Virginia, in the ship RICHARD AND BENJAMIN, commanded and outfitted by Captain John Whitty. They sailed from London and landed in Lancaster County, Virginia in January, 1654/5. Other passengers included Thomas Chetwood, Robert Osborne, William Moult - and Thomas Crowder, who died and left a non-cupative will witnessed by Thomas Chevers. Crowder's was not the only death on that long voyage: Seth Hayward, Jr., also died. Seth left no will nor witnesses to his intent. Both Hayward's and Crowder's belongings were returned to their heirs by Captain Whitty.

Thomas Chevers brought with him at least four children: Thomas, Peternell, Elizabeth and John. His wife appears to have accompanied him, and they had at least one, if not two, more children in the New World.

Thomas's son John is the founder of the New Jersey line of Shivers, his son Thomas (Jr.) is the founder of the Maryland line, and William is the founder of the Georgia and Carolina lines.

While Thomas's occupation was listed as chirurgeon (surgeon), no record exists of him studying at any of the known medical schools of the day. While an archivist at Trinity College, Dublin, stated that it was likely he studied with a physician rather than in an academic setting, there is no record of Thomas practicing as a surgeon in Virginia. By all accounts, he became a landowner and practiced husbandry.

He was also engaged with community affairs. He does not appear to have lingered long in Lancaster County. 1658 sees him serving on a grand jury in Isle of Wight County and by 1660, the approximate year his son William was born, he purchased land of one Ralph Creed. It is the purchase of this land that presents us with Thomas Chevers, planter and practitioner of husbandry "For and in consideration of two good Young Cowes to be such as shall be chosen by me Ralph Creed out of ye whole stocke of Tho: Chiffers his cattle upon demand as also for ye payment of ffower Thousand pounds of good Tobacco and Corke payable 10th of October next and foure thousand pounds more of like tobacco and Corke to be paid the 20th day of October thence next comeing which shall be in ye year 1660 I the said Ralph Creed have bargained and sold unto Tho: Chiffers...Eleven hundred and odd Acres of Land At ye head of Sunken Marsh neare upper Chippoakes in Surry be held by ye said Tho: Chivers..." It was Thomas's children who eventually settled the spelling of the name into its current form, Shivers.

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