Recent updates


Recent Comments

 

Royal George

15
Nominal Guns100BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Previously
Ordered29.8.1746BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down8.1.1746/47BWAS-1714
Named19.1.1756BWAS-1714
Launched18.2.1756BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1603
Ship ClassRoyal Anne Group (1702)BWAS-1603
Constructor
William LeeBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1700-1701
BWAS-1603
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Foundered29.8.1782BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck178' 0"Imperial Feet54.2544 
Length of Keel143' 5 ½"Imperial Feet43.5991 
Breadth51' 9 ½"Imperial Feet15.5575 
Depth in Hold21' 6"Imperial Feet6.5532 
Draught Forward14' 8"Tons BM 
Draught Aft16' 1"Tons BM 
Burthen2,046 8194Tons BM 

Armament


10.1755Broadside Weight = 1140 Imperial Pound ( 516.99 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
10.1755850EstablishmentBWAS-1714

15 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
13.2.1756 - 12.5.1756Captain
Richard DorrillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1759
Transfered ADM 6/18/236
BWAS-1714
12.5.1756 - 5.11.1756Captain
John CampbellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1737-1790
Transfered ADM 6/18/263
BWAS-1714
5.11.1756 - 15.11.1756Captain
Sir Piercy BrettBritish
Naval Sailor
Marine
Service 1723-1778
Transfered ADM 6/18/319
BWAS-1714
15.11.1756 - 17.12.1756Captain
Peter DenisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1732-1778
ADM 6/18/324
ADM 6/18
17.12.1756 - 30.1.1758Captain
Mathew BuckleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1731-1780
: on board from 21.12.1756 Transfered ADM 6/18/332
BWAS-1714
27.1.1758 - 4.6.1759Captain
Richard DorrillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1759
ADM 6/18/478
BWAS-1714
4.6.1759 - 21.2.1760Captain
John CampbellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1737-1790
Transfered ADM 6/19/69
BWAS-1714
5.3.1760 - 10.1.1761Captain
William BennettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1787
ADM 6/19/143
BWAS-1714
10.1.1761 - 18.12.1762Captain
William BennettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1787
ADM 6/19/229
BWAS-1714
13.7.1778 - 19.11.1778Captain
Thomas HallumBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1742-1793
Transfered ADM 6/21/434
BWAS-1714
19.11.1778 - 7.10.1779Captain
John ColpoysBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1755-1809
ADM 6/21/476
BWAS-1714
7.10.1779 - 26.11.1779Captain
William LockhartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1760-1799
Transfered ADM 6/22/35
ADM 6/22
26.11.1779 - 4.4.1782Captain
John BourmasterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1804
ADM 6/22/54
BWAS-1714
4.4.1782 - 6.4.1782Captain
Henry CromwellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1756-1810
ADM 6/22/443
BWAS-1714
6.4.1782 - 29.8.1782Captain
Martin WaghornBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1762-1785
ADM 6/22/446
BWAS-1714

9 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
8.1756 - 7.2.1758Vice-Admiral of the White
The Hon. Edward BoscawenBritish
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Administrator
Marine
Service 1726-1759
Transfered
BWAS-1714
1758 - 1759Admiral of the White
Lord George Anson (1st Baron Anson)British
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Service 1711-1761
BWAS-1714
29.8.1759 - 9.1759Rear-Admiral of the White
Francis GearyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1734-1780
E-WIKI
14.11.1759 - 11.3.1761Admiral of the Blue
Edward HawkeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1720-1776
BWAS-1714
27.4.1762 - 3.9.1762Admiral of the Blue
Edward HawkeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1720-1776
BWAS-1714
11.1778 - 6.1779Vice-Admiral of the Red
Sir Robert Harland (1st Baronet of Sproughton)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1783
ADM 107/2/228
BWAS-1714
6.1779 - 8.1779Vice-Admiral of the Blue
George DarbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1742-1788
BWAS-1714
8.1779 - 12.1781Rear-Admiral of the Blue Transfered ADM 107/3/274BWAS-171411.3.1782 - 29.8.1782Rear-Admiral of the Blue
Richard KempenfeltBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1728-1782
† Discharged Dead
BWAS-1714

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
13.6.1779 - 2.12.1779Sixth Lieutenant
William CarnegieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1830
: on board from 16.6.1779 ADM 6/21/570
NAO
2.12.1779 - 3.2.1780Fourth Lieutenant
William CarnegieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1830
Transfered ADM 6/22/58
NAO

6 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1758Boatswain
Richard HamiltonBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1758
ADM 6/19/6
ADM 6/19
1759 - 30.7.1759Surgeon
William TaylorBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1759
Transfered ADM 6/19/83
ADM 6/19
1764 - 2.3.1764Boatswain
Andrew JefferysBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1764
Transfered ADM 6/20/9
ADM 6/20
1767 - 29.4.1767Master
William HammondBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1767-1770
Transfered ADM 6/20/167
ADM 6/20
1769 - 7.9.1769Boatswain
Thomas BrownBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1769
Transfered ADM 6/20/253
ADM 6/20
1776 - 29.3.1776Carpenter
John NorthBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1776-1780
Transfered ADM 6/21/173
ADM 6/21

Service History


DateEventSource
1.5.1756building at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £65274.8.2dBWAS-1714
20.11.1759Battle of Quiberon Bay
18.12.1762Paid offBWAS-1714
5.1765Began large repair at Plymouth - Devon BWAS-1603
2.1768Completed large repair at Plymouth - Devon at a cost of £41979.9.9dBWAS-1603
5.1778Began fitting at Portsmouth - Hampshire BWAS-1603
7.1778RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1779Completed fitting at Portsmouth - Hampshire at a cost of £11745.3.11dBWAS-1603
8.1.1780Attack on the Caracas Convoy
16.1.1780Battle of Cape St. Vincent

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Albert Parker on Tuesday 29th of June 2021 03:28

A book by that title and by the same author was published in 1842 in Portsea by S. Horsey, identified as the "Fifth edition." The list of officers, including warrant officers, midshipmen, and some petty officers such as the master's mates, is on page 24. A "Seventh Edition," same place and publisher but no date, lists the officers, on page 30. The officers are on page 32 of the Ninth edition, no date on title page but identified by Google as published in 1843. There was apparently an edition as late as 1848. Obviously, the date and edition make a difference. Probably, all editions have the list of officers somewhere. Besides narratives of the loss, the books include accounts of efforts to clear the wreck that extended over several years; thus, the repeated re-issues.


Posted by Pauline on Friday 25th of June 2021 06:43

There is a book 'A Narrative of the Loss of the Royal George' by Julian Slight, available on Google Books which lists the officers on board at the time of her loss, on page 32. Perhaps worth adding to this page.


Posted by F.F. on Thursday 22nd of June 2017 16:07

According to some sources, the Royal George was “The largest warship in the world at the time of launching [1756]”. Was it true ?
Neither France nor Spain still had three-deckers in 1756, so the Royal George was, for sure, the largest three-decker in the world in 1756.
The largest Spanish ships of the line were then the Rayo and the Fénix, two eighty-gun two-deckers sisterships, the Fénix having a slightly larger beam (but her keel may have been a bit shorter). The dimensions of the Fénix, according to the Royal Navy, were: gun-deck, 178'10¾" (54,53 m); keel, 144'6" (44,04 m); beam, 53'3⅔" (16,25 m); depth of hold, 22'4" (6,81 m); 2184 tons burthen (6184 ㎥ of hold).
Source: The Royal Navy : a History from the Earliest Times to the Present, volume ⅲ, William Laird Clowes, Clements Robert Markham, Alfred Thayer Mahan, Herbert Wrigley Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, Leonard George Carr Laughton. Londres, S. Low, Marston & Co, Ltd, 1897, p 335.
I assume that such a ship might have a displacement of some 3500t.
The Royal George wasn't as large (178' ≈ 54,25 m; 143'5½" ≈ 43,73 m;  51'9½" ≈ 15,79 m; 21'6" ≈ 6,55 m; 2047 tons burthen ≈ 5796 ㎥ of hold). As the Victory launched in 1765 had almost the same beam and exactly the same depth of hold, but was 186' long, and had a displacement of 3500/3600t (some 3500 long tons), the displacement of the Royal George might have been c. 3400t.
From 1749 the largest French ship of the line was the third the Soleil-Royal, a eighty-gun two-decker. Her dimensions were, according to Duhamel du Monceau (P= “pied”, French foot; p= “pouce”, French inch; m = meter), 182P× 48P ×  23P ≈ 59,12 m × 15,59 m × 7,47 m (Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau, Éléments de l'architecture navale, Paris, Jombert, 1752, paged 27, 31 & 47. Other sources give to her slightly larger dimensions). The French Navy measured ships differently than did the British Navy, but from such measurments we may assume that, in the British Navy, her dimensions would have been given as some 190 or 194' in lenght, her beam, some 53'6" or 53'10", and her depth of hold, some 22'6" to 22'10". Anyway she was somewhat bigger than les Deux-Frères, to which the British Navy gave 2143 tons burthen, and had almost the same size than Jacques-Noël Sané's Tonnant-class eighty-gunners, ships which had currently 2250/2280 tons burthen according to the Royal Navy, and whose displacement was 3787t (“3868 tonneaux de poids”) according to admiral Édouard Burgues de Missiessy.
Either the Soleil-Royal, in France, and the Fénix - and maybe her sistership, the Rayo -, all of them launched in 1749, were larger than the Royal George was.
On the 20th of November 1759, at the battle of Quiberon Bay (“bataille des Cardinaux” in French), 24 British ships of the line, under Edward Hawke (flagship: the Royal George) totally defeated 21 French ships of the line in poor conditions (lack of experienced sailors and officers on most of the ships) under Hubert de Conflans (flagship: the Soleil-Royal; wrecked to avoid being taken, later burnt by her own crew).
On the 16th of January 1780, at the battle of Cape Saint Vincent, the Royal George was one of the 18 ships of the line of George Rodney (flagship: the Sandwich, 90 guns) which defeated a smaller Spanish fleet. Among the prizes was the Fénix.


Posted by Brian on Wednesday 17th of February 2016 00:38

The Royal George ship of war, at Spithead, on the 29th of August, 1782. This ship was heeled on her side for the purpose of some repair, when on a sudden a violent gust of wind struck her, the water rushed into her lower port holes and sunk her almost instantaneously. She went down in 14 fathoms of water, and fell upon her side, as was evident from the top-masts which remained above water in an inclined direction. By the muster roll of this unfortunate ship, which floated out of her cabin, and was afterwards taken up, it appeared that at least 495 souls must have perished between decks, being at their last dinner at the time she upset. (Burton's Gentleman's Magazine)

Make a comment about this page





Recent comments to other pages

Date postedByPage
Wednesday 4th of August 2021 10:26Ciel V.
Tuesday 3rd of August 2021 11:31Anna
Tuesday 3rd of August 2021 08:31marc crespin
Abraham CrespinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1781
Sunday 1st of August 2021 09:30Robin Knight
Saturday 31st of July 2021 18:22Cy
British cutter 'Alert' (1777) (14) 1777-1778
British 14 Gun
Unrated Cutter