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Arniston

15318
Nominal Guns36W1812P
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorEast India Company
Launched6.10.1794W1812P
First Commissioned10.1794W1812P
How acquiredPurpose builtW1812P
ShipyardDeptford Green - Deptford - Barnards' Thames Yards W1812P
Constructor
William BarnardBritish
Ship Builder
Service 1735-1795
W1812P
CategoryMerchantW1812P
Ship TypeEast Indiaman W1812P
Sailing RigShip RiggedW1812P
Wrecked30.5.1815W1812P

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentEICS
Length of Gundeck176' 4"Imperial Feet53.6461 
Length of Keel143' 10"Imperial Feet43.5864 
Breadth43' 3 ½"Imperial Feet13.1191 
Depth in Hold17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentW1812P
Burthen1,498Tons BM 

Armament


21.11.1812Broadside Weight = 324 Imperial Pound ( 146.934 kg)W1812P
Gun Deck36 British 18-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
21.11.1812135 W1812P

7 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
1795 - 1797Captain
Campbell MarjoribanksBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1803
EICS
1797 - 1798Captain
William MacnamaraBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1797-1798
EICS
1800 - 1803Captain
Campbell MarjoribanksBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1803
EICS
1804 - 1805Captain
James JamesonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1805
EICS
1806 - 1808Captain
Peter WedderburnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1806-1810
EICS
1810 - 1811Captain
Samuel LandonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1810-1811
EICS
1812 - 13.5.1815Captain (HEIC)
Walter CampbellBritish
Merchant Sailor
Service 1812-1817
W1812P

Service History


DateEventSource
21.11.1812Letter of Marque issued, which can be seen hereW1812P
8.6.1814Sailed to Madeira, Cape and Ceylon as a troop ship commanded by Captain SmithEICS
30.5.1815Foundered after striking uncharted rocks in England Bay, Cape Aguilhas, and then slipping off into deep water. 335 lives lost, including all the officers and Army personnel; ship's carpenter and five seamen were the only survivors.EICS


Notes on Ship


EIC JournalIORMAR

Built by Barnard, launched 1794, 3 decks, 5in bottom, length 176ft 4in, keel 143ft 10in, breadth 43ft 3½in, hold 17ft 6in, wing transom 26ft 4in, port cell 32ft, waist 3ft 10in, between decks 6ft 10in, roundhouse 6ft 7in, ports 15 middle & 14 upper, deck range 103ft 6in, 1200 tons.

Principal Managing Owners: 1-6 John Wedderburn, 7-8 Robert Hudson. Voyages:

(1) 1794/5 St Helena, Madras and China. Capt Campbell Marjoribanks. Portsmouth 3 Apr 1795 - 14 Apr Tenerife - 2 Jun St Helena 2 Jul - 9 Aug Cape - 27 Sep Madras - 14 Nov Penang - 3 Dec Malacca - 11 Mar 1796 Whampoa - 23 Apr Second Bar - 29 Jun Macao - 20 Nov St Helena - 1 Mar 1797 Deptford.

(2) 1796/7 China. Capt William Macnamara. Portsmouth 5 Jun 1797 - 29 Aug Cape - 9 Dec Whampoa - 14 Feb 1798 Second Bar - 26 Mar Macao - 5 Aug St Helena - 23 Oct Long Reach.

(3) 1799/1800 St Helena, Benkulen and China. Capt Campbell Marjoribanks. Portsmouth 7 Jan 1800 - 4 Apr St Helena - 27 Jun Benkulen - 29 Jul Penang - 27 Aug Malacca - 21 Sep Whampoa - 29 Nov Second Bar - 18 Jan 1801 Macao - 15 Apr St Helena - 17 Jun Long Reach.

(4) 1801/2 St Helena, Benkulen and China. Capt Campbell Marjoribanks. Downs 31 Dec 1801 - 9 Mar 1802 St Helena - 10 Jun Benkulen - 12 Jul Penang - 31 Aug Whampoa - 24 Oct Second Bar - 11 Feb 1803 St Helena - 26 Apr Long Reach.

(5) 1803/4 China. Capt James Jameson. Portsmouth 9 Jun 1804 - 17 Aug Rio de Janeiro - 14 Jan 1805 Whampoa - 14 Feb Second Bar - 21 Mar Malacca - 30 Jun St Helena - 15 Sep Long Reach.

(6) 1805/6 China. Capt Peter Wedderburn. Portsmouth 14 May 1806 - 7 Aug Cape - 10 Oct Penang - 21 Jan 1807 Whampoa - 4 May off Lintin - 1 Jul Penang - 17 Jul Acheh - 19 Sep Cape - 13 Oct St Helena - 6 Jan 1808 Lower Hope.

(7) 1809/10 Bombay and China. Capt Samuel Landon. Portsmouth 21 Jan 1810 - 9 Apr Cape - 26 May Bombay - 1 Sep Penang - 12 Oct Whampoa - 29 Dec Second Bar - 28 May 1811 St Helena - 13 Aug Long Reach.

(8) 1811/2 Bombay and China. Capt Walter Campbell. Torbay 4 Jan 1812 - 5 Apr Johanna - 7 May Bombay - 11 Sep Whampoa - 4 Jan 1813 Macao - 27 Mar St Helena - 7 Jun Long Reach. Wrecked 30 May 1815 nr Cape Lagullas, South Africa, while chartered as a British Government transport - see Asiatic Journal 2 (1816) pp.32-34.



 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Saturday 12th of April 2014 21:36

Edinburgh Advertiser June 19, 1801
We learn by letters recently received from Bengal, that the Company's ship the Arniston, lately arrived, beat off a French privateer in the roads of ?Bencoolen? The Arniston had just saluted the fort, sent a boat on shore with the Company's dispatches, was in the act of coming to anchor, and the people busied handling the sails, when a vessel under American colours hove in sight and came in, apparently with the intention of also coming to an anchor; she suddenly hauled down the American colours, and hoisted French. Bore down on the Arniston, and fired a broadside into her, which, however, to the great surprise of the privateer, was instantly returned, the Aniston, after saluting, loaded her guns with double round. The privateer then made off; the Arniston cut her cable and gave chase; but the former proving the best sailer, made her escape, and stood to the southward. She is said to be a very handsome vessel, having a tier of twelve ports of a side.

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