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Britannia -> 1812 Princess Royal -> 1812 Saint George -> 1819 Barfleur

16
Nominal Guns100BWAS-1793
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered28.3.1751BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down1.7.1752BWAS-1793
Launched19.10.1762BWAS-1793
First Commissioned8.1778BWAS-1793
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1793
ShipyardPortsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
Ship Class1745 Establishment 100-Gunner (1745)BWAS-1793
Constructor
Thomas BucknallBritish
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1728-1772
BWAS-1793
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1793
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1793
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1793
Broken Up25.2.1825BWAS-1793

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck178' 0"Imperial Feet54.2544 
Length of Keel145' 2"Imperial Feet44.1971 
Breadth52' 0 ½"Imperial Feet15.8623 
Depth in Hold21' 6"Imperial Feet6.5532 
Draught Forward13' 6"Imperial Feet4.0132 
Draught Aft18' 6"Imperial Feet5.5055 
Burthen2,091 2694Tons BM 

Armament


8.1778Broadside Weight = 1140 Imperial Pound ( 516.99 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

1790Broadside Weight = 1156 Imperial Pound ( 524.246 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck2 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1745850Design Complement

22 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
27.8.1778 - 22.3.1779Captain
John MoutrayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1783
ADM 6/21/446
BWAS-1714
22.3.1779 - 7.6.1780Captain
Charles Morice PoleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1830
Transfered ADM 6/21/528
BWAS-1714
7.6.1780 - 26.8.1780Captain
Thomas AllenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1780
ADM 6/22/140
BWAS-1714
26.8.1780 - 2.4.1782Captain
James BradbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1758-1799
ADM 6/22/163
BWAS-1714
8.9.1780 - 26.9.1780First Captain
Richard KempenfeltBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1728-1782
ADM 6/22/168
ADM 6/22
11.9.1781 - 13.3.1783First Captain
Joseph PeytonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1799
ADM 6/22/338
ADM 6/22
2.4.1782 - 13.3.1783Captain
Benjamin HillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1750-1783
ADM 6/22/440
ADM 6/22
10.1790 - 11.1790Acting Captain
John DolingBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1795
BWAS-1714
18.1.1791 - 9.9.1791Captain
John HollowayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1821
ADM 6/24/102
ADM 6/24
8.1.1793 - 7.1795Captain
John HollowayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1821
ADM 6/24/192
BWAS-1714
8.1795 - 1.1796Captain
Shuldham PeardBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1814
BWAS-1714
1.1796 - 3.1797Captain
Thomas FoleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1830
BWAS-1714
3.1797 - 6.1797Captain
Sir Charles Henry Knowles (2nd Baronet)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1821
BWAS-1714
6.1797 - 2.1798Captain
Edward MarshBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1801
BWAS-1714
4.1803 - 6.1803Captain
Edward KittoeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1812
BWAS-1714
6.1803 - 23.4.1804Captain
Lord William Carnegie (7th Earl Northesk)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1830
BWAS-1714
5.1804 - 6.1804Captain
Thomas George ShortlandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1791
BWAS-1714
8.5.1804 - 6.1806Captain
Charles BullenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1852
NBD1849
1814 - 3.1815Lieutenant
John CawkitBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1814-1815
BWAS-1714
3.1815 - 12.1815Captain
James NashBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1817
BWAS-1714
2.1823 - 14.9.1823Captain
Henry SheenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1823
BWAS-1714
10.1823 - 4.1824Captain
Henry William BruceBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1863
BWAS-1714

8 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
4.1779 - 9.1779Vice-Admiral
George DarbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1742-1788
BWAS-1714
6.1779 - 8.1779Rear-Admiral of the Blue Transfered ADM 107/3/274BWAS-17148.9.1780 - 13.3.1783Vice-Admiral of the Blue
George DarbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1742-1788
ADM 6/22/168
ADM 6/22
1.1793 - 1.1796Vice-Admiral
William HothamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1805
BWAS-1714
1.1796 - 1797Vice-Admiral
Sir Hyde ParkerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1805
BWAS-1714
1797 - 2.1798Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Sir Charles Thompson (1st Baronet Virkees)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1799
BWAS-1714
23.4.1804 - 12.1805Rear-Admiral of the White
Lord William Carnegie (7th Earl Northesk)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1830
BWAS-1714
3.1815 - 12.1815Admiral
Sir John Thomas DuckworthBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1817
BWAS-1714

28 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
17.1.1781 - 15.11.1781Fourth Lieutenant
John Faithful FortescueBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1805
ADM 6/22/233
ADM 6/22
2.4.1782 - 6.5.1782Sixth Lieutenant
Robert FaulknorBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1794
ADM 6/22/440
ODNB
6.5.1782 - 13.8.1782Fifth Lieutenant
Robert FaulknorBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1794
ADM 6/22/463
ODNB
13.8.1782 - 13.3.1783Fourth Lieutenant
Robert FaulknorBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1794
ADM 6/22/503
ODNB
1.10.1790 - 1790Second Lieutenant
John HanceBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1813
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Third Lieutenant
John LeeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1790
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Fourth Lieutenant
Johnathan PlunkettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1790
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Fifth Lieutenant
Caleb HillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1790
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Sixth Lieutenant
Thomas Twitoe BishopBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1790
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Seventh Lieutenant
Peter SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1790
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
3.11.1790 - 1790Eighth Lieutenant
William StaplesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790
ADM 6/24/85
ADM 6/24
1794 - 1.7.1794Lieutenant
Charles BrisbaneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1819
ref:616
c.8.1794 - 1795Lieutenant
Peter RibouleauBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1846
NBD1849
18.1.1796 - 30.8.1796Lieutenant
Christopher LarocheBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1807
ADM 196/5/1
ADM 196
21.1.1796 - 1.4.1796Lieutenant
James KatonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1783-1841
Transfered ADM 196/5/1
ADM 196
1797 - 17.3.1797Acting Lieutenant
Frederick William BurgoyneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1846
NBD1849
7.3.1797 - 17.11.1797Lieutenant
Frederick William BurgoyneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1846
NBD1849
19.4.1803 - 21.10.1805Lieutenant
William BlightBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1855
NAO
23.5.1803 - 21.10.1805Lieutenant
Francis RoskrugeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1805
NAO
3.6.1803 - 29.3.1806Lieutenant
Sir Arthur AtchisonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1812
NAO
20.6.1804 - 1805Lieutenant
John Houlton MarshallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1810
NAO
20.7.1804 - 19.6.1806Lieutenant
Charles AnthonyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1814
NBD1849
1805Lieutenant
John SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1805
T-ROLL
19.2.1805 - 22.10.1805Lieutenant
James LindsayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805
NAO
14.3.1805 - 1806Lieutenant
Richard LashamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1801-1806
NAO
10.1805 - 20.11.1805Acting Lieutenant
John BarclayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1797-1838
T-ROLL
20.11.1805 - 9.6.1806Lieutenant
John BarclayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1797-1838
T-ROLL
23.3.1815 - 9.1815Lieutenant
Henry BrettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1802-1818
NBD1849

4 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1776 - 29.2.1776Boatswain
Mathew BramellBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1776
Transfered ADM 6/21/165
ADM 6/21
9.1.1793 - 17.1.1796Master
Ninian JeffreysBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1796
ADM 29-1
17.1.1796 - 1796Master
John FryerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1812
2.3.1798 - 19.3.1800Boatswain
George JohnsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1779-1822
ADM 29/8

8 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
27.2.1782 - 6.4.1782Midshipman
William Gordon RutherfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1807
NAO
1795 - 15.3.1795Midshipman
George HewsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1847
ADM 171/8
1795 - 1799Midshipman
Dyer BondBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1834
NBD1849
8.6.1795 - 18.7.1795Midshipman
Philip Bowes Vere BrokeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1789-1830
ref:616
3.1803 - 6.1803Master's Mate
Edward Henry A'CourtBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1835
NBD1849
3.1803 - 6.1803Master's Mate
John AdamsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1817
NBD1849
17.8.1803 - 1806Midshipman
Richard Bayley BowdenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1815
NBD1849
1804 - 2.1806Midshipman
Emanuel BlightBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1815
NBD1849

4 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1795Able Seaman
John JohnsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795
ADM 171/8
1795Able Seaman
Joseph PotterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795
ADM 171/8
1795Carpenter's Crew
William BennettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1847
ADM 171/8
24.6.1803 - 1804Able Seaman
Emanuel BlightBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1815
NBD1849

1 Marine


DatesRankNameSource
1795Captain, 69th Regiment of Foot
Caleb ChuteBritish
Marine
Soldier
Service 1795-1847
ADM 171/8

Service History


DateEventSource
1762Completed at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £41729.7.1dBWAS-1793
4.1772Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
8.1772Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6371.11.11dBWAS-1793
6.1778Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
4.1779Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £15597.16.0dBWAS-1793
1.1780coppering at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
12.12.17812nd Battle of Ushant
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
13.3.1783

Paid off into ordinary

ADM 6/22
5.1788Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
9.1790Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £35573.0.0dBWAS-1793
11.1790Paid offBWAS-1714
1.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.5.1793Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
14.3.1795Action off Genoa
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
14.2.17972nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
2.1798Paid offBWAS-1714
1800Used as a convalescence shipBWAS-1714
6.1801Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
1.1802Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £21739.0.0dBWAS-1793
4.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
6.1806Paid off and laid up at HamoazeBWAS-1714
6.1.1812Renamed Princess RoyalBWAS-1714
18.1.1812Renamed Saint GeorgeBWAS-1714
10.1813Started fitting as a prison shipBWAS-1714
12.1813Completed fitting as a prison shipBWAS-1714
1814Commissioned as a prison shipBWAS-1714
3.1815Started fitting as base flagship and receiving ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
3.1815Commissioned as flagship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
3.1815Refitted as a 100 gun First Rate Ship of the LineBWAS-1817
6.1815Completed fittingBWAS-1714
12.1815Paid offBWAS-1714
2.1817Re-rated at 104 gunsBWAS-1714
2.6.1819Renamed BarfleurBWAS-1714
2.1823RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1824Paid offBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
9.1782-12.1782Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782
Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe)British
Naval Sailor
Marine
Service 1736-1799
 

Notes on Ship


Officer CasualtiesT-ROLL
At the Battle of Trafalgar, Lieutenant Francis Roskruge was killed, Midshipman William Grint and sailing master Stephen Trounce were wounded.

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Robin Walker on Sunday 25th of October 2020 16:00

Very informative.Been an obsessive naval historian for 50years and am impressed. Well done.

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