Britannia -> 1812 Princess Royal -> 1812 Saint George -> 1819 Barfleur

16
Nominal Guns100BWAS-1793
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered28.3.1751BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down1.7.1752BWAS-1793
Launched19.10.1762BWAS-1793
First Commissioned8.1778
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1793
ShipyardPortsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
Ship Class1745 Establishment 100-Gunner
ConstructorThomas BucknallBWAS-1793
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1793
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up25.2.1825BWAS-1793

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck178' 0"Imperial Feet54.2544 
Length of Keel145' 2"Imperial Feet44.1971 
Breadth52' 0 ½"Imperial Feet15.8623 
Depth in Hold21' 6"Imperial Feet6.5532 
Draught Forward13' 6"Imperial Feet4.0132 
Draught Aft18' 6"Imperial Feet5.5055 
Burthen2,091 2694Tons BM 

Armament


8.1778Broadside Weight = 1140 Imperial Pound ( 516.99 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

1790Broadside Weight = 1156 Imperial Pound ( 524.246 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck2 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1745850Design Complement

22 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
27.8.1778 - 22.3.1779CaptainJohn Moutray (d.1785) ADM 6/21/446BWAS-171422.3.1779 - 7.6.1780CaptainCharles Morice Pole (1757-1830) ADM 6/21/528BWAS-17147.6.1780 - 26.8.1780CaptainThomas Allen (c.1733-1781) ADM 6/22/140BWAS-171426.8.1780 - 2.4.1782CaptainJames Bradby (d.1809) ADM 6/22/163BWAS-17148.9.1780 - 26.9.1780First CaptainRichard Kempenfelt (1715-1782) ADM 6/22/168ADM 6/2211.9.1781 - 13.3.1783First CaptainJoseph Peyton (1725-1804) ADM 6/22/338ADM 6/222.4.1782 - 13.3.1783CaptainBenjamin Hill (c.1736-1785) ADM 6/22/440ADM 6/2210.1790 - 11.1790Acting CaptainJohn DolingBWAS-171418.1.1791 - 9.9.1791CaptainJohn Holloway (1747-1826) ADM 6/24/102ADM 6/248.1.1793 - 7.1795CaptainJohn Holloway (1747-1826) ADM 6/24/192BWAS-17148.1795 - 1.1796CaptainShuldham PeardBWAS-17141.1796 - 3.1797CaptainThomas Foley (1755-1833)BWAS-17143.1797 - 6.1797CaptainSir Charles Henry Knowles (2nd Baronet) (1754-1831)BWAS-17146.1797 - 2.1798CaptainEdward MarshBWAS-17144.1803 - 6.1803CaptainEdward KittoeBWAS-17146.1803 - 23.4.1804CaptainLord William Carnegie (7th Earl Northesk) (1756-1831)BWAS-17145.1804 - 6.1804CaptainThomas George Shortland (1771-1827)BWAS-17148.5.1804 - 6.1806CaptainCharles Bullen (1768-1853)NBD18491814 - 3.1815LieutenantJohn CawkitBWAS-17143.1815 - 12.1815CaptainSir James NashBWAS-17142.1823 - 14.9.1823CaptainHenry Sheen (d.1823)BWAS-171410.1823 - 4.1824CaptainHenry William Bruce (1792-1863)BWAS-1714

8 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
4.1779 - 9.1779Vice-AdmiralGeorge Darby (c.1720-1790)BWAS-17146.1779 - 1.1780Rear-Admiral of the BlueSir John Lockhart (6th Baronet Lockhart-Ross of Carstairs) (1721-1790)BWAS-17148.9.1780 - 13.3.1783Vice-Admiral of the BlueGeorge Darby (c.1720-1790) ADM 6/22/168ADM 6/221.1793 - 1.1796Vice-AdmiralWilliam Hotham (1736-1813)BWAS-17141.1796 - 1797Vice-AdmiralSir Hyde Parker (1739-1807)BWAS-17141797 - 2.1798Vice-Admiral of the BlueSir Charles Thompson (1st Baronet Virkees) (1740-1799)BWAS-171423.4.1804 - 12.1805Rear-Admiral of the WhiteLord William Carnegie (7th Earl Northesk) (1756-1831)BWAS-17143.1815 - 12.1815AdmiralSir John Thomas Duckworth (1748-1817)BWAS-1714

18 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.4.1782 - 6.5.1782Sixth LieutenantRobert Faulknor (1763-1795) ADM 6/22/440ODNB6.5.1782 - 13.8.1782Fifth LieutenantRobert Faulknor (1763-1795) ADM 6/22/463ODNB13.8.1782 - 17.4.1783Fourth LieutenantRobert Faulknor (1763-1795) ADM 6/22/503ODNB1794 - 1.7.1794LieutenantCharles Brisbane (1769-1829)ref:616c.8.1794 - 1795LieutenantPeter Ribouleau (d.1847)NBD18491797 - 17.3.1797Acting LieutenantFrederick William Burgoyne (1778-1848)NBD18497.3.1797 - 17.11.1797LieutenantFrederick William Burgoyne (1778-1848)NBD184919.4.1803 - 21.10.1805LieutenantWilliam Blight (1785-1862)NAO23.5.1803 - 21.10.1805LieutenantFrancis Roskruge (d.1805)NAO3.6.1803 - 29.3.1806LieutenantSir Arthur Atchison (d.1818)NAO20.6.1804 - 1805LieutenantJohn Houlton MarshallNAO20.7.1804 - 19.6.1806LieutenantCharles Anthony (1777-1846)NBD18491805LieutenantJohn Smith (d.1808)T-ROLL19.2.1805 - 22.10.1805LieutenantJames Lindsay (1785-?)NAO14.3.1805 - 1806LieutenantRichard Lasham (d.1812)NAO10.1805 - 20.11.1805Acting LieutenantJohn BarclayT-ROLL20.11.1805 - 9.6.1806LieutenantJohn BarclayT-ROLL23.3.1815 - 9.1815LieutenantHenry Brett (1790-?)NBD1849

3 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1776 - 29.2.1776BoatswainMathew Bramell ADM 6/21/165ADM 6/219.1.1793 - 17.1.1796MasterNinian Jeffreys (c.1754-1838)ADM29-117.1.1796 - 1796MasterJohn Fryer (1752-1817)

7 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
27.2.1782 - 6.4.1782MidshipmanWilliam Gordon Rutherford (1765-1818)NAO1795 - 15.3.1795MidshipmanGeorge HewsonADM 171/88.6.1795 - 18.7.1795MidshipmanPhilip Bowes Vere Broke (1776-1841)ref:6163.1803 - 6.1803Master's MateJohn Adamson (d.1874)NBD18493.1803 - 6.1803Master's MateEdward Henry A'Court (1783-1855)NBD184917.8.1803 - 1806MidshipmanRichard Bayley BowdenNBD18491804 - 2.1806MidshipmanEmanuel Blight (1790-?)NBD1849

4 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1795Able SeamanJohn JohnsonADM 171/81795Carpenter's CrewWilliam BennettADM 171/81795Able SeamanJoseph PotterADM 171/824.6.1803 - 1804Able SeamanEmanuel Blight (1790-?)NBD1849

1 Marine


DatesRankNameSource
1795Captain, 69th Regiment of FootCaleb ChuteADM 171/8

Service History


DateEventSource
12.1713Refitted as an unarmed Unrated Prison Ship BWAS-1817
1762Completed at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £41729.7.1dBWAS-1793
4.1772Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
8.1772Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6371.11.11dBWAS-1793
6.1778Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
4.1779Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £15597.16.0dBWAS-1793
1.1780coppering at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
12.12.17812nd Battle of Ushant
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
13.3.1783

Paid off into ordinary

ADM 6/22
5.1788Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
9.1790Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £35573.0.0dBWAS-1793
11.1790Paid offBWAS-1714
1.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.5.1793Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
14.3.1795Action off Genoa
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
14.2.17972nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
2.1798Paid offBWAS-1714
1800Used as a convalescence shipBWAS-1714
6.1801Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
1.1802Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £21739.0.0dBWAS-1793
4.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
6.1806Paid off and laid up at HamoazeBWAS-1714
6.1.1812Renamed Princess RoyalBWAS-1714
18.1.1812Renamed Saint GeorgeBWAS-1714
10.1813Started fitting as a prison shipBWAS-1714
12.1813Completed fitting as a prison shipBWAS-1714
1814Commissioned as a prison shipBWAS-1714
3.1815Started fitting as base flagship and receiving ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
3.1815Commissioned as flagship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
3.1815Refitted as a 100 gun First Rate Ship of the Line BWAS-1817
6.1815Completed fittingBWAS-1714
12.1815Paid offBWAS-1714
2.1817Re-rated at 104 gunsBWAS-1714
2.6.1819Renamed BarfleurBWAS-1714
2.1823RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1824Paid offBWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1782/091782/12Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)

Notes on Ship


Officer CasualtiesT-ROLL
At the Battle of Trafalgar, Lieutenant Francis Roskruge was killed, Midshipman William Grint and sailing master Stephen Trounce were wounded.

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ADM 6/24ADM 6/24 Commission and Warrant Book 1789 Sep.-1793  Archive
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
T-ROLLThe Trafalgar RollUnknownBook
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ADM29-1ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
ADM 171/8ADM 171/8 Surviving officers and men entitled to clasps of the Naval GSM for actions from 1793 -1827British AdmiraltyDocument
BWAS-1817British Warships in the Age of Sail 1817 - 1863Rif WinfieldBook
 

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