Britannia -> 1812 Princess Royal -> 1812 Saint George -> 1819 Barfleur

16
Nominal Guns100BWAS-1793
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered28.3.1751BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down1.7.1752BWAS-1793
Launched19.10.1762BWAS-1793
First Commissioned8.1778BWAS-1793
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1793
ShipyardPortsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
Ship Class1745 Establishment 100-GunnerBWAS-1793
Constructor Thomas BucknallBWAS-1793
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1793
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1793
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1793
Broken Up25.2.1825BWAS-1793

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck178' 0"Imperial Feet54.2544 
Length of Keel145' 2"Imperial Feet44.1971 
Breadth52' 0 ½"Imperial Feet15.8623 
Depth in Hold21' 6"Imperial Feet6.5532 
Draught Forward13' 6"Imperial Feet4.0132 
Draught Aft18' 6"Imperial Feet5.5055 
Burthen2,091 2694Tons BM 

Armament


8.1778Broadside Weight = 1140 Imperial Pound ( 516.99 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

1790Broadside Weight = 1156 Imperial Pound ( 524.246 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck2 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1745850Design Complement

22 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
27.8.1778 - 22.3.1779Captain John Moutray (d.1785) ADM 6/21/446BWAS-171422.3.1779 - 7.6.1780Captain Charles Morice Pole (1757-1830) ADM 6/21/528BWAS-17147.6.1780 - 26.8.1780Captain Thomas Allen (c.1733-1781) ADM 6/22/140BWAS-171426.8.1780 - 2.4.1782Captain James Bradby (d.1809) ADM 6/22/163BWAS-17148.9.1780 - 26.9.1780First Captain Richard Kempenfelt (1715-1782) ADM 6/22/168ADM 6/2211.9.1781 - 13.3.1783First Captain Joseph Peyton (1725-1804) ADM 6/22/338ADM 6/222.4.1782 - 13.3.1783Captain Benjamin Hill (c.1736-1785) ADM 6/22/440ADM 6/2210.1790 - 11.1790Acting Captain John DolingBWAS-171418.1.1791 - 9.9.1791Captain John Holloway (1747-1826) ADM 6/24/102ADM 6/248.1.1793 - 7.1795Captain John Holloway (1747-1826) ADM 6/24/192BWAS-17148.1795 - 1.1796Captain Shuldham PeardBWAS-17141.1796 - 3.1797Captain Thomas Foley (1755-1833)BWAS-17143.1797 - 6.1797CaptainSir Charles Henry Knowles (2nd Baronet) (1754-1831)BWAS-17146.1797 - 2.1798Captain Edward MarshBWAS-17144.1803 - 6.1803Captain Edward KittoeBWAS-17146.1803 - 23.4.1804CaptainLord William Carnegie (7th Earl Northesk) (1756-1831)BWAS-17145.1804 - 6.1804Captain Thomas George Shortland (1771-1827)BWAS-17148.5.1804 - 6.1806Captain Charles Bullen (1768-1853)NBD18491814 - 3.1815Lieutenant John CawkitBWAS-17143.1815 - 12.1815CaptainSir James NashBWAS-17142.1823 - 14.9.1823Captain Henry Sheen (d.1823)BWAS-171410.1823 - 4.1824Captain Henry William Bruce (1792-1863)BWAS-1714

8 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
4.1779 - 9.1779Vice-Admiral George Darby (c.1720-1790)BWAS-17146.1779 - 8.1779Rear-Admiral of the BlueSir John Lockhart (6th Baronet Lockhart-Ross of Carstairs) (1721-1790) ADM 107/3/274BWAS-17148.9.1780 - 13.3.1783Vice-Admiral of the Blue George Darby (c.1720-1790) ADM 6/22/168ADM 6/221.1793 - 1.1796Vice-Admiral William Hotham (1736-1813)BWAS-17141.1796 - 1797Vice-AdmiralSir Hyde Parker (1739-1807)BWAS-17141797 - 2.1798Vice-Admiral of the BlueSir Charles Thompson (1st Baronet Virkees) (1740-1799)BWAS-171423.4.1804 - 12.1805Rear-Admiral of the WhiteLord William Carnegie (7th Earl Northesk) (1756-1831)BWAS-17143.1815 - 12.1815AdmiralSir John Thomas Duckworth (1748-1817)BWAS-1714

18 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.4.1782 - 6.5.1782Sixth Lieutenant Robert Faulknor (1763-1795) ADM 6/22/440ODNB6.5.1782 - 13.8.1782Fifth Lieutenant Robert Faulknor (1763-1795) ADM 6/22/463ODNB13.8.1782 - 13.3.1783Fourth Lieutenant Robert Faulknor (1763-1795) ADM 6/22/503ODNB1794 - 1.7.1794Lieutenant Charles Brisbane (1769-1829)ref:616c.8.1794 - 1795Lieutenant Peter Ribouleau (d.1847)NBD18491797 - 17.3.1797Acting Lieutenant Frederick William Burgoyne (1778-1848)NBD18497.3.1797 - 17.11.1797Lieutenant Frederick William Burgoyne (1778-1848)NBD184919.4.1803 - 21.10.1805Lieutenant William Blight (1785-1862)NAO23.5.1803 - 21.10.1805Lieutenant Francis Roskruge (d.1805)NAO3.6.1803 - 29.3.1806LieutenantSir Arthur Atchison (d.1818)NAO20.6.1804 - 1805Lieutenant John Houlton MarshallNAO20.7.1804 - 19.6.1806Lieutenant Charles Anthony (1777-1846)NBD18491805Lieutenant John Smith (d.1808)T-ROLL19.2.1805 - 22.10.1805Lieutenant James Lindsay (1785-?)NAO14.3.1805 - 1806Lieutenant Richard Lasham (d.1812)NAO10.1805 - 20.11.1805Acting Lieutenant John BarclayT-ROLL20.11.1805 - 9.6.1806Lieutenant John BarclayT-ROLL23.3.1815 - 9.1815Lieutenant Henry Brett (1790-?)NBD1849

3 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1776 - 29.2.1776Boatswain Mathew Bramell ADM 6/21/165ADM 6/219.1.1793 - 17.1.1796Master Ninian Jeffreys (c.1754-1838)ADM 29-117.1.1796 - 1796Master John Fryer (1752-1817)

7 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
27.2.1782 - 6.4.1782Midshipman William Gordon Rutherford (1765-1818)NAO1795 - 15.3.1795Midshipman George HewsonADM 171/88.6.1795 - 18.7.1795Midshipman Philip Bowes Vere Broke (1776-1841)ref:6163.1803 - 6.1803Master's Mate John Adamson (d.1874)NBD18493.1803 - 6.1803Master's Mate Edward Henry A'Court (1783-1855)NBD184917.8.1803 - 1806Midshipman Richard Bayley BowdenNBD18491804 - 2.1806Midshipman Emanuel Blight (1790-?)NBD1849

4 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1795Able Seaman Joseph PotterADM 171/81795Able Seaman John JohnsonADM 171/81795Carpenter's Crew William BennettADM 171/824.6.1803 - 1804Able Seaman Emanuel Blight (1790-?)NBD1849

1 Marine


DatesRankNameSource
1795Captain, 69th Regiment of Foot Caleb ChuteADM 171/8

Service History


DateEventSource
1762Completed at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £41729.7.1dBWAS-1793
4.1772Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
8.1772Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6371.11.11dBWAS-1793
6.1778Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
4.1779Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £15597.16.0dBWAS-1793
1.1780coppering at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
12.12.17812nd Battle of Ushant
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
13.3.1783

Paid off into ordinary

ADM 6/22
5.1788Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
9.1790Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £35573.0.0dBWAS-1793
11.1790Paid offBWAS-1714
1.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.5.1793Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
14.3.1795Action off Genoa
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
14.2.17972nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
2.1798Paid offBWAS-1714
1800Used as a convalescence shipBWAS-1714
6.1801Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
1.1802Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £21739.0.0dBWAS-1793
4.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
6.1806Paid off and laid up at HamoazeBWAS-1714
6.1.1812Renamed Princess RoyalBWAS-1714
18.1.1812Renamed Saint GeorgeBWAS-1714
10.1813Started fitting as a prison shipBWAS-1714
12.1813Completed fitting as a prison shipBWAS-1714
1814Commissioned as a prison shipBWAS-1714
3.1815Started fitting as base flagship and receiving ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
3.1815Commissioned as flagship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
3.1815Refitted as a 100 gun First Rate Ship of the Line BWAS-1817
6.1815Completed fittingBWAS-1714
12.1815Paid offBWAS-1714
2.1817Re-rated at 104 gunsBWAS-1714
2.6.1819Renamed BarfleurBWAS-1714
2.1823RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1824Paid offBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
9.1782-12.1782Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799) 

Notes on Ship


Officer CasualtiesT-ROLL
At the Battle of Trafalgar, Lieutenant Francis Roskruge was killed, Midshipman William Grint and sailing master Stephen Trounce were wounded.

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Robin Walker on Sunday 25th of October 2020 16:00

Very informative.Been an obsessive naval historian for 50years and am impressed. Well done.

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