Victory

17
Nominal Guns100BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered13.12.1758BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down23.7.1759BWAS-1714
Named30.10.1760BWAS-1714
Launched7.5.1765BWAS-1714
First Commissioned9.3.1778BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
Constructor Edward Allin (d.1795)BWAS-1714
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Still in Existance2019BWAS-1714
HMS Victory in Portsmouth

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck184' 0"Imperial Feet56.0832 
Length of Keel152' 6 ⅝"Imperial Feet46.3455 
Breadth51' 7 ½"Imperial Feet15.5575 
Depth in Hold21' 6"Imperial Feet6.5532 
Burthen2,162 5394Tons BM 

Armament


1765Broadside Weight = 1182 Imperial Pound ( 536.037 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

5.1778Broadside Weight = 1032 Imperial Pound ( 468.012 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

4.1779Broadside Weight = 1230 Imperial Pound ( 557.805 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder
Roundhouse8 British 12-Pound Carronade

1780Broadside Weight = 1182 Imperial Pound ( 536.037 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

1781Broadside Weight = 1292 Imperial Pound ( 585.922 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder
Roundhouse2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pound Carronade

1783Broadside Weight = 1328 Imperial Pound ( 602.248 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder
Roundhouse2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pound Carronade

1793Broadside Weight = 1250 Imperial Pound ( 566.875 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

1803Broadside Weight = 1112 Imperial Pound ( 504.292 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

1805Broadside Weight = 1148 Imperial Pound ( 520.618 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 68-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
21.10.1815820Complement at the Battle of TrafalgarBWAS-1714

36 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
9.3.1778 - 28.5.1778CaptainSir John Lindsay (1737-1788) Transfered ADM 6/21/376W00913.5.1778 - 30.5.1780Captain Jonathon Faulknor (c.1729-1795): on board from 28.5.1778 Transfered ADM 6/21/404W00920.3.1779 - 27.4.1780Captain Henry Colins (d.1791) Transfered ADM 6/21/527ADM 6/2124.3.1779 - 5.5.1780First Captain Richard Kempenfelt (1715-1782) ADM 6/21/530ADM 6/215.5.1780 - 17.4.1781Captain Samuel Wittewronge Clayton (1734-1795): on board from 13.5.1780 Transfered ADM 6/22/125W00922.5.1780 - 8.9.1780First Captain Richard Kempenfelt (1715-1782) Transfered ADM 6/22/134ADM 6/224.4.1781 - 23.11.1781Captain John Howorth (c.1729-1801): on board from 17.4.1781 ADM 6/22/272ADM 6/2214.11.1781 - 4.4.1782Captain Henry Cromwell (c.1739-1814): on board from 23.11.1781 Transfered ADM 6/22/364W0099.4.1782 - 19.4.1782Captain John Bourmaster (1736-1807)W00910.4.1782 - 14.11.1782First CaptainThe Hon. John Leveson Gower (1740-1792) ADM 6/22/447ADM 6/2210.4.1782 - 6.12.1782Captain Henry Duncan (1735-1814): on board from 19.4.1782 Discharged ADM 6/22/449W0096.12.1782 - 9.12.1782CaptainSir Roger Curtis (1746-1816)W00917.1.1783 - 15.1.1786Captain Thomas Byard (d.1798) ADM 6/23/11ADM 6/231.10.1787 - 10.5.1790Captain Charles Hope (d.1808) Transfered ADM 6/23/421W00913.5.1790 - 4.12.1795Captain John Knight (1747-1831) ADM 6/24/29W00916.1.1791 - 7.6.1792Captain John Knight (1747-1831) Transfered ADM 6/24/102ADM 6/2423.3.1791 - 1.2.1793First CaptainSir Hyde Parker (1739-1807) ADM 6/24/113ADM 6/2429.12.1792 - 1792Captain John Knight (1747-1831) ADM 6/24/188ADM 6/242.10.1795 - 4.12.1795First Captain Robert Calder (1745-1818) ADM 6/25/221ADM 6/252.10.1795 - 1.4.1797Captain George Grey (d.1828): on board from 4.12.1795 ADM 6/25/221ADM 6/251.4.1797 - 21.6.1797Captain Thomas SothebyW00921.6.1797 - 9.4.1803Captain William CumingW0099.4.1803 - 31.7.1803Captain Samuel SuttonW00931.7.1803 - 13.1.1806Captain Thomas Masterman Hardy (1769-1839)W00928.1.1808 - 23.3.1808Captain John Clarke SearleW00923.3.1808 - 20.11.1808Captain Philip Dumaresq (d.1819)W00920.11.1808 - 20.3.1809Captain John Clarke SearleW00920.3.1809 - 18.12.1812Captain Philip Dumaresq (d.1819)W00919.12.1831 - 2.1833Captain Hyde Parker (1784-1854)W02519.9.1839 - 9.1841Captain Francis Erskine Loch (1788-1868)W0251844 - 23.9.1844Captain Richard Arthur (1779-1854)NBD18493.12.1850 - 3.9.1851Captain Francis Price Blackwood (1809-1854)W02520.12.1853 - 19.3.1854Captain Thomas Maitland (1803-1878)W02520.3.1855 - 7.3.1856Captain George Thomas GordonW0257.3.1856 - 2.12.1856Captain James Robert Drummond (1812-1895)W02521.8.1856 - 19.3.1859Captain George Henry Seymour (1818-1869)W025

25 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
9.3.1778 - 16.5.1778Admiral Augustus Keppel (1725-1786) ADM 6/24/106W00916.5.1778 - 18.10.1778Captain of the Fleet John Campbell (1719-1790) ADM 6/21/411ref:67619.3.1779 - 18.5.1780Admiral of the WhiteSir Charles Hardy (1716-1780)† Discharged Dead ADM 107/1/204W00924.5.1780 - 27.8.1780Admiral of the White Francis Geary (1709-1796) ResignedW00926.9.1780 - 29.12.1780Vice-Admiral of the Blue Francis William Drake (1724-1787)W00921.3.1781 - 31.5.1781Vice-Admiral of the Blue Hyde Parker (1713/14-1783) TransferedW00919.7.1781 - 8.1781Commodore John Elliot (1732-1808)W00910.9.1781 - 11.3.1782Rear-Admiral of the Blue Richard Kempenfelt (1715-1782) TransferedW00920.4.1782 - 14.11.1782Admiral of the BlueLord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799) ADM 6/24/138W00923.3.1791 - 1791Admiral of the WhiteLord Richard Howe (1st Earl Howe) (1725/26-1799) ADM 6/24/113ADM 6/246.5.1793 - 15.12.1794Vice-Admiral of the Red Alexander Arthur Hood (1726-1814) ADM 107/3/53W0091795 - 10.1795Rear-Admiral of the White Robert Man (1745-1813)E-WIKI10.1795 - 11.1795Vice-Admiral of the White Robert Linzee (c.1740-1805)W0093.12.1795 - 30.3.1797Admiral of the Blue John Jervis (1734/35-1823)W0098.5.1803 - 23.5.1803Vice-Admiral of the BlueLord Horatio Nelson (1st Baron Nelson of the Nile and of Hilborough) (1758-1805)W00930.7.1803 - 23.4.1804Vice-Admiral of the BlueLord Horatio Nelson (1st Baron Nelson of the Nile and of Hilborough) (1758-1805)W00923.4.1804 - 21.10.1805Vice-Admiral of the WhiteLord Horatio Nelson (1st Baron Nelson of the Nile and of Hilborough) (1758-1805)NAO18.3.1808 - 9.12.1808AdmiralSir James Saumarez (1st Baronet) (1757-1836)W0098.4.1809 - 12.1809AdmiralSir James Saumarez (1st Baronet) (1757-1836)W00911.3.1810 - 3.12.1810AdmiralSir James Saumarez (1st Baronet) (1757-1836)W00912.1810 - 3.1811Rear-AdmiralSir Joseph Sydney Yorke (1768-1831)W0092.4.1811 - 25.12.1811AdmiralSir James Saumarez (1st Baronet) (1757-1836)W00914.4.1812 - 15.10.1812AdmiralSir James Saumarez (1st Baronet) (1757-1836)W00917.4.1827 - 30.4.1830Admiral of the BlueSir Robert Stopford (1768-1847) ADM 196/68/191ADM 1967.1837 - 7.1842Rear-Admiral of the Blue Duncombe Pleydall Bouverie (1780-?)NBD1849

31 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
17.9.1778 - 16.2.1779Sixth LieutenantLord Robert Manners (1758-1782) ADM 6/21/453ODNB16.2.1779 - 23.3.1779Fifth LieutenantLord Robert Manners (1758-1782) ADM 6/21/510ODNB29.9.1790 - 1790Seventh Lieutenant Charles Hare (d.1801) ADM 6/24/72ADM 6/241793 - 12.4.1794Lieutenant Edward Cooke (1772-1799)ODNB10.8.1793 - 12.1793Lieutenant Peter Ribouleau (d.1847)NBD184911.9.1793 - 20.11.1793Lieutenant Joseph Bullen (1761-1857)ref:6161794 - 19.8.1794Lieutenant James Moutray (d.1794)ref:60710.1794 - 3.1797Second Lieutenant Hugh Downman (1765-1858)WWNH10.4.1803 - 3.11.1805First Lieutenant John Quilliam (1771-1829)NAO15.4.1803 - 1.1.1806Lieutenant Andrew King (1774-1835)NAO1804 - 21.10.1805Lieutenant George Miller Bligh (1780-1834)E-WIKI1.8.1804 - 18.10.1804Acting Lieutenant George Brown (1784-?)NBD184918.10.1804 - 1806Lieutenant George Brown (1784-?)NBD184919.1.1805 - 29.12.1805Lieutenant Alexander Hills (1780-1809)NAO22.10.1805 - 25.2.1806Lieutenant William Chasman (d.1848)NBD18491808 - 13.8.1812Lieutenant George BrineNBD184929.1.1808 - 27.3.1808Lieutenant James Brown Boydref:55917.2.1808 - 2.4.1808LieutenantThe Hon. Arthur Richard Turnour (1787-1853)NBD184918.2.1808 - 6.4.1808Lieutenant Henry Weekes (d.1812)ref:5591.4.1808 - 5.4.1809Lieutenant William Barnesref:5596.7.1811 - 1812Lieutenant John Adamson (d.1874)NBD18491.1824 - 28.8.1828Lieutenant John Frederick Appleby (1795-1878)NBD184912.10.1825 - 18.1.1828Lieutenant James BurneyNBD184912.6.1829 - 10.8.1829Lieutenant Henry John Codrington (1808-1877)W03317.11.1834 - 17.4.1835Lieutenant Henry ByngNBD184928.2.1837 - 1837Third Lieutenant William Case Burbidge (1789-?)NBD184926.6.1837 - 2.1840Lieutenant John BowdenNBD184929.8.1837 - 9.12.1839Flag Lieutenant Richard Hanmer Bunbury (1813-?)NBD18491.8.1839 - 18.9.1841Lieutenant John BarnesNBD18498.9.1841 - 7.3.1842Flag Lieutenant Frederick William Pleydell Bouverie (1816-?)NBD18492.6.1846 - 1848Lieutenant Thomas BrydgesNBD1849

11 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
7.8.1765 - 1765Purser William Davis ADM 6/20/84ADM 6/2020.12.1765 - 1765Boatswain John Bagwill ADM 6/20/100ADM 6/201781 - 8.1.1781Carpenter Daniel Scarwell ADM 6/22/225ADM 6/221781 - 29.1.1781Master John Madgshon Transfered ADM 6/22/240ADM 6/221783 - 8.1.1783Surgeon William Thompsonref:91831.5.1790 - 25.1.1812Gunner William Rivers (1755-?)NAO9.4.1803 - 15.3.1805Carpenter William Bunce (1750-1832)NAO14.4.1803 - 15.1.1806Master Thomas Atkinson (1767-1836)NAO31.12.1804 - 15.1.1806Physician William Beatty (1773-?)NAO29.3.1805 - 15.1.1705/6Boatswain William WillmettNAO1.9.1805 - 26.9.1806Carpenter William Bunce (1750-1832)NAO

28 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
27.10.1787 - 11.1787Midshipman Edward Brace (1770-1843)WWNH12.1790 - 3.1791Midshipman George Ralph Collier (1774-1824)ref:6161795 - 3.7.1796Master's Mate Thomas Staines (1776-1830)ODNB2.1795 - 16.1.1796Midshipman George BarnardNBD18491796 - 6.4.1804Midshipman Arden Adderley (1783-1864)NBD184929.5.1797 - 1797Midshipman George BarnardNBD18491803 - 1804Midshipman John Bingham (1785-?)NBD18495.1803 - 21.10.1805Master's Mate William Chasman (d.1848)NBD18495.1803 - 1804Midshipman William BranderNBD184931.7.1803 - 1.8.1804Midshipman George Brown (1784-?)NBD18491.6.1804 - 5.1.1806Coxswain Robert Buckless (1776-?)NAO28.8.1804Master's Mate Alexander Hills (1780-1809)NAO1805 - 10.1805Midshipman John BarclayT-ROLL8.1806 - 13.6.1808Master's Mate James BanceNBD18493.1808 - 5.1809Midshipman Alexander Buchanan (1793-?)NBD18494.1808 - 1.5.1812Midshipman Charles Burrard (1793-1870)NBD18494.1809 - 12.1810Midshipman Andrew Barclay (1793-1848)NBD18491810 - 6.7.1811Master's Mate John Adamson (d.1874)NBD18491810 - 28.11.1811Midshipman William Edward Curlewis (1789-1847)NBD18493.1810 - 1811Midshipman George ButlerNBD18491811 - 20.11.1812Midshipman Sackville BurroughsNBD184999.99.1819 - 4.1826Midshipman Jonas Archer AbbottCSORN1824Midshipman John Elliot BinghamNBD184911.1824Midshipman Edward Harris Butterfield (1808-1851)NBD18491.1826 - 1826Midshipman Thomas Bourmaster Brown (1806-?)NBD18491829 - 1830Midshipman George Augustus Bedford (1809-?)NBD18491831 - 1832Master's Mate John Elliot BinghamNBD184911.1833 - 17.11.1834Midshipman Henry ByngNBD1849

3 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
11.5.1803 - 31.5.1804Able Seaman Robert Buckless (1776-?)NAO19.1.1804 - 27.8.1804Able Seaman Alexander Hills (1780-1809)NAO14.9.1805 - 18051st Class Volunteer Henry Lancaster (1791-?)NBD1849

2 Marines


DatesRankNameSource
14.4.1803 - 21.10.1805Captain of Marines Charles William Adair (d.1805)W0091805Lieutenant of Marines James Goodwin Peakeref:716

Service History


DateEventSource
7.5.1765Floated out of dock and placed in ordinary until 1778BWAS-1714
1769Completed at Chatham - Kent at a cost of £57748.1.7dBWAS-1714
1778Began fitting at Chatham - Kent BWAS-1714
12.3.1778First CommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1778Completed fitting at Chatham - Kent at a cost of £13296.0.0dBWAS-1714
13.4.1778

Sailed from Chatham

BWAS-1714
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
12.12.17812nd Battle of Ushant
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
17.2.1783

Paid off at Portsmouth .

W009
10.1787RecommissionedBWAS-1793
12.1787

Paid off at Portsmouth

BWAS-1793
12.1787Began large repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
4.1788Completed large repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £37523.0.0dBWAS-1714
4.1788Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
1789Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6451.0.0dBWAS-1714
5.1790RecommissionedBWAS-1793
1.1791Paid offBWAS-1714
1.1791RecommissionedBWAS-1714
9.1791Paid offBWAS-1714
12.1792RecommissionedBWAS-1714
22.5.1793

Sailed for The Mediterranean Sea

BWAS-1714
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
14.2.17972nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
11.1797Paid offBWAS-1714
12.1797RecommissionedBWAS-1714
12.1797

Recommissioned as a Hospital ship at Chatham

BWAS-1714
10.1799Paid offBWAS-1714
2.1800Began middling repair at Chatham - Kent BWAS-1714
4.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1803Completed middling repair at Chatham - Kent at a cost of £70933.0.0dBWAS-1714
25.5.1803

Sailed for The Mediterranean Sea

BWAS-1714
28.5.1803Took the Frigate L'Embuscade (32)
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
1.1806Paid offBWAS-1714
13.1.1806

Paid off at Chatham

W009
3.1806Began repairs at Chatham - Kent BWAS-1714
5.1806Completed repairs at Chatham - Kent at a cost of £9936.0.0dBWAS-1714
1.1808Recommissioned as a Second RateBWAS-1714
1.1808Refitted as a 98 gun Second Rate Ship of the Line BWAS-1793
1809

Evacuation of La Coruña

BWAS-1714
11.1812Paid offBWAS-1714
1813

Placed in ordinary at Portsmouth

BWAS-1714
3.1814Began large repair at Portsmouth - Hampshire BWAS-1714
1.1816Completed large repair at Portsmouth - Hampshire at a cost of £79772.0.0dBWAS-1714
2.1817Refitted as a 100 gun First Rate Ship of the Line BWAS-1793
6.1823Recommissioned as a guardshipBWAS-1714
1.1824Port commanders flagshipBWAS-1714
4.1830Paid off into ordinaryBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
9.1782-12.1782Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799) 

Notes on Ship


The Battle of Trafalgar MusterW009

HMS Victory had a crew of 820 men commanded by Captain Thomas Masterman Hardy. There were 9 Commissioned Officers, 21 Midshipmen and 77 Non-commissioned Warrant and Petty Officers, the rest of the crew comprised of Able and Ordinary Seaman, Landsmen, Supernumeries and 31 boys.

Also within this complement was a detachment of 146 Royal Marines from the Chatham Division, commanded by Captain Charles Adair

Apart from the 700 English, Irish, Scots and Welsh, 18 different nationalities were represented on the Victory, at the Battle of Trafalgar.

She suffered some of the worst casualties of the Allied Fleet at the battle with 57 of her crew killed or dying of their wounds a few days later, and a further 102 wounded.



Sources


IDNameAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif Winfield, Book
W009HMS VictoryUnknown, Web Site
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ADM 6/23ADM 6/23 Commission and Warrant Book 1783-1789 Aug.  Archive
ADM 6/24ADM 6/24 Commission and Warrant Book 1789 Sep.-1793  Archive
ADM 6/25ADM 6/25 Commission and Warrant Book 1794-1796 Apr.  Archive
W025William Loney RN - BackgroundP. Davis, Web Site
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'Brien, Digital Book
ref:676More than Nelson Web Site
E-WIKIWikipediaVarious, Web Site
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVarious, Web Site
ADM 196ADM 196 1756-1966 Admiralty: Officers' Service Records (Series III) Document
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University Press, Web Site
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas Tracy, Book
ref:607Navy Records Online Web Site
WWNHWho's who in naval historyJoseph F. Callo, Alastair Wilson, Book
ref:559Australlian RoyaltyMarion Purnell, Web Site
W033Vaisseaux de Ligne Francais de 1682 a 1767Ronald Deschenes, Web Site
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ref:918The London Medical Journal vol 4 (1784) Book
T-ROLLThe Trafalgar RollUnknown, Book
CSORNCommissioned Sea Officers of the Royal NavyDavid Bonner-Smith, Robert L. DiNardo, David Syrett, Web Site
ref:716HMS Victory Pocket Manual 1805Peter Goodwin, Book
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif Winfield, Book
 

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