Victory

17
Nominal Guns100BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered13.12.1758BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down23.7.1759BWAS-1714
Named30.10.1760BWAS-1714
Launched7.5.1765BWAS-1714
First Commissioned9.3.1778
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorEdward Allin (d.1795)BWAS-1714
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Still in Existance2014BWAS-1714
HMS Victory in Portsmouth

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck184' 0"Imperial Feet56.0832 
Length of Keel152' 6 ⅝"Imperial Feet46.3455 
Breadth51' 7 ½"Imperial Feet15.5575 
Depth in Hold21' 6"Imperial Feet6.5532 
Burthen2,162 5394Tons BM 

Armament


1765Broadside Weight = 1182 Imperial Pound ( 536.037 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

5.1778Broadside Weight = 1032 Imperial Pound ( 468.012 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

4.1779Broadside Weight = 1230 Imperial Pound ( 557.805 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder
Roundhouse8 British 12-Pound Carronade

1780Broadside Weight = 1182 Imperial Pound ( 536.037 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

1781Broadside Weight = 1292 Imperial Pound ( 585.922 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder
Roundhouse2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pound Carronade

1783Broadside Weight = 1328 Imperial Pound ( 602.248 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder
Roundhouse2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pound Carronade

1793Broadside Weight = 1250 Imperial Pound ( 566.875 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

1803Broadside Weight = 1112 Imperial Pound ( 504.292 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

1805Broadside Weight = 1148 Imperial Pound ( 520.618 kg)W009
Lower Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 68-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
21.10.1815820Complement at the Battle of TrafalgarBWAS-1714

31 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
9.3.1778 - 28.5.1778Captain John Lindsay (1737-1788) ADM 6/21/376W00913.5.1778 - 13.5.1780CaptainJonathon Faulknor (d.1795): on board from 28.5.1778 ADM 6/21/404W00920.3.1779 - 27.4.1780CaptainHenry Colins (d.1791) ADM 6/21/527ADM 6/2124.3.1779 - 5.5.1780First CaptainRichard Kempenfelt (1715-1782) ADM 6/21/530ADM 6/215.5.1780 - 17.4.1781CaptainSamuel Wittewronge Clayton (1734-1795): on board from 13.5.1780 ADM 6/22/125W00917.4.1781 - 23.11.1781CaptainJohn HowarthW00923.11.1781 - 9.4.1782CaptainHenry Cromwell (d.1814)W0099.4.1782 - 19.4.1782CaptainJohn Bourmaster (1736-1807)W00919.4.1782 - 6.12.1782CaptainHenry Duncan (1735-1814)W0096.12.1782 - 9.12.1782CaptainSir Roger Curtis (1746-1816)W0099.12.1782 - 17.2.1783CommanderThomas Byard (d.1798)W0091.10.1787 - 13.5.1790CaptainCharles Hope (d.1808)W00913.5.1790 - 4.12.1795CaptainJohn Knight (1747-1831)W0092.10.1795 - 3.1797CaptainRobert Calder (1745-1818)ref:6164.12.1795 - 1.4.1797CaptainGeorge Grey (d.1828)W0091.4.1797 - 21.6.1797CaptainThomas SothebyW00921.6.1797 - 9.4.1803CaptainWilliam CumingW0099.4.1803 - 31.7.1803CaptainSamuel SuttonW00931.7.1803 - 13.1.1806CaptainThomas Masterman Hardy (1769-1839)W00928.1.1808 - 23.3.1808CaptainJohn Clarke SearleW00923.3.1808 - 20.11.1808CaptainPhilip Dumaresq (d.1819)W00920.11.1808 - 20.3.1809CaptainJohn Clarke SearleW00920.3.1809 - 1809CaptainPhilip Dumaresq (d.1819)W00919.12.1831 - 2.1833CaptainHyde Parker (d.1854)W02519.9.1839 - 9.1841CaptainFrancis Erskine Loch (1788-1868)W0251844 - 23.9.1844Captain Richard Arthur (1779-1854)NBD18493.12.1850 - 3.9.1851CaptainFrancis Price Blackwood (1809-1854)W02520.12.1853 - 19.3.1854Captain Thomas Maitland (1803-1878)W02520.3.1855 - 7.3.1856CaptainGeorge Thomas GordonW0257.3.1856 - 2.12.1856CaptainJames Robert Drummond (1812-1895)W02521.8.1856 - 19.3.1859CaptainGeorge Henry Seymour (1818-1869)W025

24 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
16.5.1778 - 18.10.1778Captain of the FleetJohn Campbell (1719-1790) ADM 6/21/411ref:67616.5.1778 - 18.10.1778AdmiralAugustus Keppel (1725-1786)W00919.3.1779 - 14.5.1780Admiral of the WhiteSir Charles Hardy (1716-1780)W00924.5.1780 - 24.8.1780Admiral of the WhiteFrancis Geary (1709-1796)W00926.9.1780 - 29.12.1780Vice-Admiral of the BlueFrancis William Drake (1724-1787)W00921.3.1781 - 31.5.1781Vice-Admiral of the BlueHyde Parker (1713/14-1783)W0096.1781 - 8.1781CommodoreJohn Elliot (1732-1808)W00921.9.1781 - 11.3.1782Rear-Admiral of the BlueRichard Kempenfelt (1715-1782)W00920.4.1782 - 14.11.1782AdmiralLord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)W0097.1790 - 8.1790AdmiralLord Richard Howe (1st Earl Howe) (1725/26-1799)W0096.5.1793 - 15.12.1794Vice-Admiral of the Red Alexander Arthur Hood (1726-1814)W0091795 - 10.1795Rear-Admiral of the WhiteRobert Man (1745-1813)EWIKI10.1795 - 11.1795Vice-AdmiralRobert Linzee (d.1805)W0093.12.1795 - 30.3.1797Admiral of the Blue John Jervis (1734/35-1823)W0098.5.1803 - 23.5.1803Vice-Admiral of the BlueLord Horatio Nelson (1st Baron Nelson of the Nile and of Hilborough) (1758-1805)W00930.7.1803 - 23.4.1804Vice-Admiral of the BlueLord Horatio Nelson (1st Baron Nelson of the Nile and of Hilborough) (1758-1805)W00923.4.1804 - 21.10.1805Vice-Admiral of the WhiteLord Horatio Nelson (1st Baron Nelson of the Nile and of Hilborough) (1758-1805)NAO18.3.1808 - 9.12.1808AdmiralSir James Saumarez (1st Baronet) (1757-1836)W0098.4.1809 - 12.1809AdmiralSir James Saumarez (1st Baronet) (1757-1836)W00911.3.1810 - 3.12.1810AdmiralSir James Saumarez (1st Baronet) (1757-1836)W00912.1810 - 3.1811Rear-AdmiralSir Joseph Sydney Yorke (1768-1831)W0092.4.1811 - 25.12.1811AdmiralSir James Saumarez (1st Baronet) (1757-1836)W00914.4.1812 - 15.10.1812AdmiralSir James Saumarez (1st Baronet) (1757-1836)W0097.1837 - 7.1842Rear-Admiral of the BlueDuncombe Pleydall Bouverie (1780-?)NBD1849

31 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
17.9.1778 - 16.2.1779Sixth LieutenantLord Robert Manners (1758-1782) ADM 6/21/453ODNB16.2.1779 - 23.3.1779Fifth LieutenantLord Robert Manners (1758-1782) ADM 6/21/510ODNB13.5.1790 - 28.12.1790LieutenantWilliam Robert Broughton (1762-1821)ref:6161793 - 12.4.1794LieutenantEdward Cooke (1772-1799)ODNB10.8.1793 - 12.1793LieutenantPeter Ribouleau (d.1847)NBD184911.9.1793 - 20.11.1793LieutenantJoseph Bullen (1761-1857)ref:6161794 - 19.8.1794LieutenantJames Moutray (d.1794)ref:60710.1794 - 3.1797Second LieutenantHugh Downman (1765-1858)WWNH10.4.1803 - 3.11.1805First LieutenantJohn Quilliam (1771-1829)NAO15.4.1803 - 1.1.1806LieutenantAndrew King (1774-1835)NAO1804 - 21.10.1805LieutenantGeorge Miller Bligh (1780-1834)EWIKI1.8.1804 - 18.10.1804Acting LieutenantGeorge Brown (1784-?)NBD184918.10.1804 - 1806LieutenantGeorge Brown (1784-?)NBD184919.1.1805 - 29.12.1805LieutenantAlexander Hills (1780-1809)NAO22.10.1805 - 25.2.1806LieutenantWilliam Chasman (d.1848)NBD18491808 - 13.8.1812LieutenantGeorge BrineNBD184929.1.1808 - 27.3.1808LieutenantJames Brown Boydref:55917.2.1808 - 2.4.1808LieutenantThe Hon. Arthur Richard Turnour (1787-1853)NBD184918.2.1808 - 6.4.1808LieutenantHenry Weekes (d.1812)ref:5591.4.1808 - 5.4.1809LieutenantWilliam Barnesref:5596.7.1811 - 1812LieutenantJohn Adamson (d.1874)NBD18491.1824 - 28.8.1828LieutenantJohn Frederick Appleby (1795-1878)NBD184912.10.1825 - 18.1.1828LieutenantJames BurneyNBD184912.6.1829 - 10.8.1829LieutenantHenry John Codrington (1808-1877)W03317.11.1834 - 17.4.1835LieutenantHenry ByngNBD184928.2.1837 - 1837Third LieutenantWilliam Case Burbidge (1789-?)NBD184926.6.1837 - 2.1840LieutenantJohn BowdenNBD184929.8.1837 - 9.12.1839Flag LieutenantRichard Hanmer Bunbury (1813-?)NBD18491.8.1839 - 18.9.1841LieutenantJohn BarnesNBD18498.9.1841 - 7.3.1842Flag LieutenantFrederick William Pleydell Bouverie (1816-?)NBD18492.6.1846 - 1848LieutenantThomas BrydgesNBD1849

9 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
7.8.1765 - 1765PurserWilliam Davis ADM 6/20/84ADM 6/2020.12.1765 - 1765BoatswainJohn Bagwill ADM 6/20/100ADM 6/201783 - 8.1.1783SurgeonWilliam Thompsonref:91831.5.1790 - 25.1.1812GunnerWilliam Rivers (1755-?)NAO9.4.1803 - 15.3.1805CarpenterWilliam Bunce (1750-1832)NAO14.4.1803 - 15.1.1806MasterThomas Atkinson (1767-1836)NAO31.12.1804 - 15.1.1806PhysicianWilliam Beatty (1773-?)NAO29.3.1805 - 15.1.1705/6BoatswainWilliam WillmettNAO1.9.1805 - 26.9.1806CarpenterWilliam Bunce (1750-1832)NAO

28 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
27.10.1787 - 11.1787MidshipmanEdward Brace (1770-1843)WWNH12.1790 - 3.1791MidshipmanGeorge Ralph Collier (1774-1824)ref:6161795 - 3.7.1796Master's MateThomas Staines (1776-1830)ODNB2.1795 - 16.1.1796MidshipmanGeorge BarnardNBD18491796 - 6.4.1804MidshipmanArden Adderley (1783-1864)NBD184929.5.1797 - 1797MidshipmanGeorge BarnardNBD18491803 - 1804MidshipmanJohn Bingham (1785-?)NBD18495.1803 - 1804MidshipmanWilliam BranderNBD18495.1803 - 21.10.1805Master's MateWilliam Chasman (d.1848)NBD184931.7.1803 - 1.8.1804MidshipmanGeorge Brown (1784-?)NBD18491.6.1804 - 5.1.1806CoxswainRobert Buckless (1776-?)NAO28.8.1804Master's MateAlexander Hills (1780-1809)NAO1805 - 10.1805MidshipmanJohn BarclayT-ROLL8.1806 - 13.6.1808Master's MateJames BanceNBD18493.1808 - 5.1809MidshipmanAlexander Buchanan (1793-?)NBD18494.1808 - 1.5.1812MidshipmanCharles Burrard (1793-1870)NBD18494.1809 - 12.1810MidshipmanAndrew Barclay (1793-1848)NBD18491810 - 6.7.1811Master's MateJohn Adamson (d.1874)NBD18491810 - 28.11.1811MidshipmanWilliam Edward Curlewis (1789-1847)NBD18493.1810 - 1811MidshipmanGeorge ButlerNBD18491811 - 20.11.1812MidshipmanSackville BurroughsNBD184999.99.1819 - 4.1826MidshipmanJonas Archer AbbottCSORN1824MidshipmanJohn Elliot BinghamNBD184911.1824MidshipmanEdward Harris Butterfield (1808-1851)NBD18491.1826 - 1826MidshipmanThomas Bourmaster Brown (1806-?)NBD18491829 - 1830MidshipmanGeorge Augustus Bedford (1809-?)NBD18491831 - 1832Master's MateJohn Elliot BinghamNBD184911.1833 - 17.11.1834MidshipmanHenry ByngNBD1849

3 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
11.5.1803 - 31.5.1804Able SeamanRobert Buckless (1776-?)NAO19.1.1804 - 27.8.1804Able SeamanAlexander Hills (1780-1809)NAO14.9.1805 - 18051st Class VolunteerHenry Lancaster (1791-?)NBD1849

2 Marines


DatesRankNameSource
14.4.1803 - 21.10.1805Captain of MarinesCharles William Adair (d.1805)W0091805Lieutenant of MarinesJames Goodwin Peakeref:716

Service History


DateEventSource
7.5.1765Floated out of dock and placed in ordinary until 1778BWAS-1714
1769Completed at Chatham at a cost of £57748.1.7dBWAS-1714
1778Began fitting at Chatham BWAS-1714
12.3.1778First CommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1778Completed fitting at Chatham at a cost of £13296.0.0dBWAS-1714
13.4.1778

Sailed from Chatham

BWAS-1714
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
12.12.17812nd Battle of Ushant
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
17.2.1783

Paid off at Portsmouth .

W009
10.1787RecommissionedBWAS-1793
12.1787

Paid off at Portsmouth

BWAS-1793
12.1787Began large repair at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
4.1788Completed large repair at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £37523.0.0dBWAS-1714
4.1788Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1789Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £6451.0.0dBWAS-1714
5.1790RecommissionedBWAS-1793
1.1791Paid offBWAS-1714
1.1791RecommissionedBWAS-1714
9.1791Paid offBWAS-1714
12.1792RecommissionedBWAS-1714
22.5.1793

Sailed for The Mediterranean Sea

BWAS-1714
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
14.2.17972nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
11.1797Paid offBWAS-1714
12.1797RecommissionedBWAS-1714
12.1797

Recommissioned as a Hospital ship at Chatham

BWAS-1714
10.1799Paid offBWAS-1714
2.1800Began middling repair at Chatham BWAS-1714
4.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1803Completed middling repair at Chatham at a cost of £70933.0.0dBWAS-1714
25.5.1803

Sailed for The Mediterranean Sea

BWAS-1714
28.5.1803Took the Fifth Rate Frigate L'Embuscade (32)
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
1.1806Paid offBWAS-1714
13.1.1806

Paid off at Chatham

W009
3.1806Began repairs at Chatham BWAS-1714
5.1806Completed repairs at Chatham at a cost of £9936.0.0dBWAS-1714
1.1808Recommissioned as a Second RateBWAS-1714
1.1808Refitted as a 98 gun Second Rate Ship of the Line BWAS-1793
1809

Evacuation of La Coruña

BWAS-1714
11.1812Paid offBWAS-1714
1813

Placed in ordinary at Portsmouth

BWAS-1714
3.1814Began large repair at Portsmouth BWAS-1714
1.1816Completed large repair at Portsmouth at a cost of £79772.0.0dBWAS-1714
2.1817Refitted as a 100 gun First Rate Ship of the Line BWAS-1793
6.1823Recommissioned as a guardshipBWAS-1714
1.1824Port commanders flagshipBWAS-1714
4.1830Paid off into ordinaryBWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1782/091782/12Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)

Notes on Ship


The Battle of Trafalgar MusterW009

HMS Victory had a crew of 820 men commanded by Captain Thomas Masterman Hardy. There were 9 Commissioned Officers, 21 Midshipmen and 77 Non-commissioned Warrant and Petty Officers, the rest of the crew comprised of Able and Ordinary Seaman, Landsmen, Supernumeries and 31 boys.

Also within this complement was a detachment of 146 Royal Marines from the Chatham Division, commanded by Captain Charles Adair

Apart from the 700 English, Irish, Scots and Welsh, 18 different nationalities were represented on the Victory, at the Battle of Trafalgar.

She suffered some of the worst casualties of the Allied Fleet at the battle with 57 of her crew killed or dying of their wounds a few days later, and a further 102 wounded.



Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
W009HMS VictoryUnknownWeb Site
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
W025William Loney RN - BackgroundP DavisWeb Site
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ref:676More than Nelson Web Site
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ref:607Navy Records Online Web Site
WWNHWho's who in naval historyAlastair Wilson, Joseph F. CalloBook
ref:559Australlian RoyaltyMarion PurnellWeb Site
W033Vaisseaux de Ligne Francais de 1682 a 1767Ronald DeschenesWeb Site
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ref:918The London Medical Journal vol 4 (1784) Book
T-ROLLThe Trafalgar RollUnknownBook
CSORNCommissioned Sea Officers of the Royal NavyDavid Bonner SmithWeb Site
ref:716HMS Victory Pocket Manual 1805Peter GoodwinBook
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
 

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