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Royal Sovereign -> 1825 Captain

18
Nominal Guns100BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered3.2.1772BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down7.1.1774BWAS-1714
Launched11.9.1786BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
Designed by
John WilliamsBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1762-1765
BWAS-1714
Constructor
Thomas PollardBritish
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1765-1799
BWAS-1714
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up8.1841BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck150' 9"Imperial Feet45.7246 
Moulded Breadth183' 10 ½"Imperial Feet55.7911 
Breadth52' 1"Imperial Feet15.8623 
Depth in Hold22' 2 ½"Imperial Feet6.7183 
Draught Forward13' 3"Imperial Feet3.9878 
Draught Aft18' 8"Imperial Feet5.5118 
Burthen2,175 2994Tons BM 

Armament


1786Broadside Weight = 1188 Imperial Pound ( 538.758 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder

1793Broadside Weight = 1048 Imperial Pound ( 475.268 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1786850EstablishmentBWAS-1714

33 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
1.10.1787 - 10.12.1787Captain
James SamberBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1787
ADM 6/22/421
ADM 6/22
22.5.1790 - 28.8.1790Acting Captain
Richard FisherBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1795
BWAS-1714
28.8.1790 - 21.9.1790Captain
John HoultonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1790
ADM 6/24/63
ADM 6/24
21.9.1790 - 1.10.1790Captain
John DilkesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1756-1814
BWAS-1714
1.10.1790 - 4.12.1790Captain
William DomettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1769-1819
ADM 6/24/72
BWAS-1714
27.2.1793 - 1795Captain
Henry NichollsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1814
ADM 6/24/214
BWAS-1714
3.1795 - 1796Captain
John WhitbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1791-1805
BWAS-1714
6.1796 - 3.1797Captain
William BedfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1814
BWAS-1714
3.1797Acting Captain
John MillerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1797
BWAS-1714
3.1797 - 9.1800Captain
William BedfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1814
BWAS-1714
1800 - 1801Captain
Richard BrownBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1783-1801
BWAS-1714
1.1801 - 4.1802Captain
Richard RaggettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1822
BWAS-1714
4.1803 - 1.1804Captain
Richard CurryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1846
BWAS-1714
1.1804 - 3.1804Captain
Pulteney MalcolmBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1835
BWAS-1714
3.1804 - 5.1805Captain
John StuartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1800-1804
BWAS-1714
14.9.1805 - 10.10.1805Captain
John ConnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1810
BWAS-1714
11.10.1805 - 26.1.1806Captain
Edward RotherhamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1783-1808
BWAS-1714
11.1805 - 1806Captain
Henry GarrattBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1808
BWAS-1714
11.1806 - 8.1808Captain
Henry GarrattBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1808
BWAS-1714
8.1808 - 11.1809Captain
David ColbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1809
BWAS-1714
11.1809 - 2.1810Captain
Abel FerrisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1799-1812
BWAS-1714
26.11.1809 - 19.2.1810Acting Captain
Abel FerrisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1799-1812
NAO
2.1810 - 7.1810Captain
Henry Whitmarsh PearseBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1810
BWAS-1714
7.1810 - 8.1811Captain
Joseph SpearBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1812
BWAS-1714
8.1811 - 12.1811Captain
John HarveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1815
BWAS-1714
12.1811Captain
Robert PlampinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1825
BWAS-1714
12.1811 - 10.1812Captain
William BedfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1814
BWAS-1714
10.1812 - 12.1813Captain
James BissettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1814
BWAS-1714
12.1813 - 3.1814Captain
Thomas Gordon CaulfieldBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1821
BWAS-1714
3.1814 - 5.1814Captain
Charles Thurlow SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1806-1815
BWAS-1714
5.1814 - 8.1814Captain
Robert Stuart LambertBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1791-1822
BWAS-1714
4.1815 - 6.1815Captain
Edward Pelham BrentonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1788-1815
BWAS-1714
31.5.1815 - 30.8.1815Captain
William Robert BroughtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1818
BWAS-1714

12 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
9.1790 - 11.1790Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Lord Samuel Hood (1st Baron Hood)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1790
ADM 107/3/53
BWAS-1714
2.1793 - 1794Vice-Admiral of the Red
Thomas GravesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1802
ADM 107/3/474
BWAS-1714
12.1794 - 7.1795Admiral of the Blue
The Hon. William CornwallisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1755-1807
BWAS-1714
6.1796 - 3.1797Vice-Admiral
Alan GardnerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1755-1808
BWAS-1714
1800 - 1802Vice-Admiral of the White
Henry HarveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1805
ODNB
1.1801 - 4.1802Vice-Admiral
Henry HarveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1857
BWAS-1714
26.3.1804 - 17.6.1805Rear-Admiral of the WhiteBWAS-171411.10.1805 - 21.10.1805Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Cuthbert CollingwoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1693-1802
BWAS-1714
11.1806 - 11.1809Vice-Admiral
Edward ThornbroughBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1773-1819
BWAS-1714
4.1812 - 1813Admiral
Lord George Keith Elphinstone (Baron Keith)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1815
BWAS-1714
1.1814 - 8.1814Vice-Admiral
William Sidney SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1814
BWAS-1714
4.1815 - 7.1815Rear-Admiral
Sir Benjamin HallowellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1783-1818
BWAS-1714

28 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
30.8.1790 - 21.9.1790First Lieutenant
John ElphinstoneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1795
ADM 6/24/63
ADM 6/24
30.8.1790 - 30.9.1790Fourth Lieutenant
Johnathan PlunkettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1790
Transfered ADM 6/24/63
ADM 6/24
30.8.1790 - 30.9.1790Fifth Lieutenant
Thomas Twitoe BishopBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1790
Transfered ADM 6/24/63
ADM 6/24
30.8.1790 - 30.9.1790Seventh Lieutenant
Peter SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1790
Transfered ADM 6/24/63
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 21.12.1790First Lieutenant
James BissettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1814
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Second Lieutenant
Sir Thomas WolleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1814
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Third Lieutenant
Grosvenor WinkworthBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1797
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Fourth Lieutenant
John CookeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1794
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Fifth Lieutenant
Mark WentworthBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1790
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Sixth Lieutenant
Thomas IrelandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1790
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
1.10.1790 - 1790Seventh Lieutenant
Robert PearsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1806
ADM 6/24/72
ADM 6/24
27.2.1793 - 10.3.1795Lieutenant
Mathew BuckleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1846
NBD1849
5.7.1803 - 15.3.1804Lieutenant
Samuel BrownBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1842
NBD1849
1804 - 1805Lieutenant
Henry BoyesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1843
NBD1849
9.1804 - 21.8.1805Lieutenant
Henry DuncanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1822
ref:616
1805 - 11.11.1805Lieutenant
George HewsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1847
NBD1849
17.6.1805 - 1806Lieutenant
Joseph SimmondsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1810
NAO
4.7.1805 - 14.8.1805Lieutenant
Richard Booth BowdenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1815
NBD1849
16.8.1805 - 1806Lieutenant
James BashfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1800-1815
NAO
10.9.1805 - 1806Lieutenant
Francis Blower GibbesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1802-1806
NAO
15.9.1805 - 24.12.1805Lieutenant
Edward BarkerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1801-1810
NAO
11.10.1805 - 21.10.1805Lieutenant
Brice GillilandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1802-1805
NAO
11.10.1805 - 4.11.1805Lieutenant
John ClavellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1797-1838
NAO
22.10.1805 - 22.12.1805Acting Lieutenant
James BaylyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1799-1856
NBD1849
22.12.1805 - 19.4.1806Lieutenant
James BaylyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1799-1856
NBD1849
3.2.1811 - 5.8.1812Lieutenant
John BulfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1815
NBD1849
2.4.1814 - 16.5.1814Lieutenant
Charles Orlando BridgemanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1846
NBD1849
4.1815 - 7.1815Lieutenant
George Francis BridgesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1818
NBD1849

4 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1780 - 22.2.1780Boatswain
Alexander MackayBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1780
Transfered ADM 6/22/92
ADM 6/22
1794 - 1.6.1794Surgeon
Alexander YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Medic
Service 1762-1794
ref:1665
1805 - 21.10.1805Master
William ChalmersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805
† Discharged Dead
TRN5
19.2.1811 - 31.12.1811Gunner
Francis HarrisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1811
NAO

18 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
18.5.1791 - 24.9.1791Midshipman
Thomas BakerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1837
ref:616
1793 - 21.9.1795Midshipman
William Henry Brown TremlettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1788-1847
ref:616
1794Midshipman
Joseph BuckinghamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1797 - 4.1802Midshipman
Thomas BeerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1825
NBD1849
10.1800 - 26.4.1802Master's Mate
Edward BoysBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1814
NBD1849
13.4.1803 - 21.10.1805Midshipman
John AikenheadBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1805
NAO
8.1803 - 3.1804Midshipman
Isaac BurchBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1815
NBD1849
10.1804 - 1805Midshipman
Sir James AthillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1813
NBD1849
4.1805 - 3.1806Midshipman
Thomas Pitt RobinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1828
NBD1849
11.10.1805 - 23.11.1805Midshipman
Gilbert Dutton KennicottBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1846
NBD1849
11.1805 - 1806Midshipman
William BishopBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1815
NBD1849
11.1806 - 8.1808Midshipman
William Nettleton BoyceBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1806-1843
NBD1849
5.1807 - 11.1809Midshipman
John BranfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1820
NBD1849
1814 - 28.4.1814Midshipman
Edward CanesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1808-1846
NBD1849
1.1814 - 3.1814Midshipman
Warre Squire BradleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1810-1825
NBD1849
5.1814 - 8.1814Midshipman
Charles BurnetBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1811-1832
NBD1849
1815Master's Mate
Daniel M'neale BeattyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1807-1816
NBD1849
4.1815 - 8.1815Master's Mate
Joseph Fauriel BarrettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1815
NBD1849

25 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1794Able Seaman
Gilbert SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
John RobinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
James McDonaldBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
John LawlerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
John SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Ordinary Seaman
Henry ParkBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Ordinary Seaman
Roger JefferyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794 - 1795Ordinary Seaman
John KellyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1795
ADM 171/8
1794Landman
John HowellsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Landman
James HillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Landman
William YeomanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Landman
Richard WrightBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Landman
William ColesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Landman
James ChalmersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1847
ADM 171/8
1794Landman
Henry SouthcottBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Admiral's Servant
Thomas TristBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Captain's Servant
John GibsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Captain's Servant
William CarterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Lieutenant's Servant
George Elliott SalterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1801
ADM 171/8
1794Gunner's Servant
Simon SimonsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1795Ordinary Seaman
James ChalmersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1847
ADM 171/8
1795Ordinary Seaman
John DuncanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795
ADM 171/8
1795Master's Servant
Samuel Perkins PritchardBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1792-1847
ADM 171/8
3.1796 - 17971st Class Volunteer
Thomas BeerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1825
NBD1849
14.7.1803 - 8.18031st Class Volunteer
Isaac BurchBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1815
NBD1849

4 Marines


DatesRankNameSource
1794Drummer
John MullayBritish
Marine
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Drummer
Nicholas MorrishBritish
Marine
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Private
Andrew FoleyBritish
Marine
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Private
Samuel StrettonBritish
Marine
Service 1794
ADM 171/8

Service History


DateEventSource
9.1787Completed and "Partly fitted for sea" at a cost of £61,254.14.7d for the hull, £6,203.14.9d for rigging and stores and £6,760.7.2d for fittingBWAS-1714
10.1787CommissionedBWAS-1714
10.12.1787

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1790Started fitting at PlymouthBWAS-1714
5.1790Recommissioned for the Spanish ArmamentBWAS-1714
8.1790Completed fitting at a cost of £7,311.18.2dBWAS-1714
24.8.1790Sailed from PlymouthBWAS-1714
2.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
6.1794Started refitting at PlymouthBWAS-1714
1.6.1794Glorious 1st of June
16.6.1795First Battle of Groix
2.1799Started refitting at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
4.1799Completed refitting at a cost of £11,556BWAS-1714
5.5.1799

Arrived at Cawsand Bay, Plymouth

TNC
1.6.1799Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
2.1804Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
3.1804Off ToulonBWAS-1714
5.1805Escort to General Craig's expedition to the Mediterranean
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
5.1806Started a repair and refit at PlymouthBWAS-1714
11.1806RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1807Completed repair and refit at a cost of £63,500BWAS-1714
22.1.1814Sailed from Plymouth for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
5.1814Still in the Mediterranean
18.8.1814

Paid off

BWAS-1714
28.8.1815Paid offADM 51
17.5.1825Renamed CaptainBWAS-1714
6.1825Started fitting as a receiving ship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
8.1825Completed fittingBWAS-1714
8.1841Break up completed at Plymouth for £763. The value of stores and materials saved was £5,996BWAS-1714


Notes on Ship


Description of the launchTIMES
"... Monday, September 11. The wind this morning veered round from the W to the N and from the appearance of the weather promised a very fine day. At twelve o'clock at noon it was determined by the Builder and Master Attendant, that the Royal Sovereign should be launched in the evening. Preparations were made for the purpose; the usual colours were hoisted on board her as a signal for launching. At seven o'clock the last shores were cut away, and she went off the stocks into her proper element with a grandeur undescribable. The launch being very long, the appearance of her moving slowly into the sea was beautifully majestic. Conceive to yourself near 50,000 spectators at the moment this noble ship began to move, all eagerly looking at once object, struck with awe at so magnificent a sight, a dazed silence reigned among them, not even a whisper could be heard for the space of six or seven moments."

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Friday 15th of November 2019 00:51

1 March 1796 Royal Sovereign100 Captain John Whitby, Vice-Admiral Red William Cornwallis sailed for the Leeward Islands
15 March 1796 Royal Sovereign100 Captain John Whitby, Vice-Admiral Red William Cornwallis returned to port after a collision with a transport which sank with the loss of one hundred and forty two men

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