Le Dauphin Royal -> 1792 Sans Culotte -> 1795 Orient

Nominal Guns118NNF-1774
NationalityRoyaume de France
OperatorState Navy
Keel Laid Down5.1790FWAS1786
First Commissioned8.1793NNF-1774
How acquiredPurpose builtNNF-1774
ShipyardToulon - Provence NNF-1774
Ship ClassCommerce de Marseille Class
Designed by Jacques-Noël Sané (1740-1831)NNF-1774
CategoryFirst RateNNF-1774
National RatePremier Rang
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Sunk in Action1.8.1798NNF-1774


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentE-WIKI
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentNNF-1774
Length of Gundeck196' 6"French Feet (Pied du Roi)63.6625 (208′ 10″ Imperial)
Length of Keel178' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)57.8144 (189′ 8″ Imperial)
Breadth51' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)16.5648 (54′ 4″ Imperial)
Depth in Hold25' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)8.12 (26′ 7″ Imperial)
Draught Forward23' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)7.4704 (24′ 6″ Imperial)
Draught Aft24' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)7.7952 (25′ 6″ Imperial)


20.7.1791Broadside Weight = 1376 French Livre (1484.9792 lbs 673.552 kg)NNF-1774
Lower Gun Deck32 French 36-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck34 French 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck34 French 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle6 French 36-Pounder Obusier
Quarterdeck/Forecastle20 French 8-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
17821,119Design Complement

2 Ship Commanders

1795Capitaine de Vaisseau Pierre Félix de Lapalisse (1753-1820)FWIKI1798 - 1.8.1798Chef de Division Luc Julien Joseph Casabianca (1792-1798)FWAS1786

4 Flag Officers

1794 - 13.4.1795Contre-Amiral Pierre Martin (1752-1820) TransferedFWIKI15.4.1795 - 1795Contre-Amiral Pierre Martin (1752-1820)E-WIKI1798 - 1.8.1798Contre-Amiral Honoré Joseph Antoine Ganteaume (1755-1818)E-WIKI12.4.1798 - 1.8.1798Vice-Amiral François Paul de Brueys d'Aigailliers (1753-1798)FWAS1786

Service History

9.1792Renamed Sans Culotte
8.1793Captured at Toulon by the BritishNNF-1774
29.8.1793Siege of Toulon
12.1793Retaken at ToulonNNF-1774
14.3.1795Action off Genoa
5.1795Renamed Orient
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
1.8.1798Battle of the Nile


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