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Le Tonnant

1992
Nominal Guns80NNF-1715
NationalityRoyaume de France
OperatorMarine Royale
Keel Laid Down18.10.1740NNF-1715
Named12.6.1740NNF-1715
Launched17.11.1743NNF-1715
First Commissioned6.1744NNF-1715
How acquiredPurpose builtNNF-1715
ShipyardToulon Dockyard - Toulon NNF-1715
Designed by
François CoulombFrench
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1730-1749
NNF-1715
Constructor
François CoulombFrench
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1730-1749
NNF-1715
CategoryThird RateNNF-1715
National RatePremier RangNNF-1715
Ship TypeShip of the LineNNF-1715
Sailing RigShip RiggedNNF-1715
Broken Up11.1780NNF-1715

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentNNF-1715
Length of Gundeck168' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)54.5664 (179′ 0″ Imperial)
Length of Keel154' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)50.0192 (164′ 1″ Imperial)
Breadth46' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)14.9408 (49′ 0″ Imperial)
Depth in Hold23' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)7.4704 (24′ 6″ Imperial)
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentFWAS1626
Length of Gundeck168' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)54.5664 (179′ 0″ Imperial)
Length of Keel154' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)50.0192 (164′ 1″ Imperial)
Breadth46' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)14.9408 (49′ 0″ Imperial)
Depth in Hold22' 3"French Feet (Pied du Roi)7.1862 (23′ 6″ Imperial)
Draught Forward20' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)6.496 (21′ 3″ Imperial)
Draught Aft23' 6"French Feet (Pied du Roi)7.5245 (24′ 8″ Imperial)
Displacement3,400Ton 
Burthen1,700Tonneaux 

Armament


6.1744Broadside Weight = 900 French Livre (971.28 lbs 440.55 kg)NNF-1715
Lower Gun Deck30 French 36-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck32 French 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle18 French 8-Pounder

6.1744Broadside Weight = 882 French Livre (951.8544 lbs 431.739 kg)FWAS1626
Lower Gun Deck30 French 36-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck32 French 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 French 6-Pounder
Forecastle8 French 6-Pounder

1765Broadside Weight = 996 French Livre (1074.8832 lbs 487.542 kg)FWAS1626
Lower Gun Deck30 French 36-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck32 French 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 French 8-Pounder
Forecastle8 French 8-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
6.17447866 officers, 780 menNNF-1715

3 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
29.4.1759 - 21.1.1760Capitaine de Vaisseau
Antoine de Marges de Saint-VictoretFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1732-1769
ref:672
1773Capitaine de Vaisseau
Chevalier Henri II de RochemoreFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1718-1776
FWIKI
8.1778 - 3.1780Chef d'Escadreref:631

4 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1747 - 14.10.1747Chef d'EscadreBNF11757Chef d'Escadre
Chevalier Joseph de Bauffremont-CourtenayFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1723-1777
ref:631
1759Contre-Amiral
Chevalier Joseph de Bauffremont-CourtenayFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1723-1777
FWIKI
2.4.1778 - 16.8.1779Chef d'Escadre
Pierre Claude Haudeneau (Comte de Breugnon)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1792
ref:1275

3 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1747Lieutenant de Vaisseau, premier lieutenant
Philippe François BartFrench
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1741-1764
ref:673
1747Lieutenant de Vaisseau, major d'escadre
Louis-Charles Levassor (Comte de la Touche)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1747
ref:673
aft.1.4.1778 - 1780Lieutenant de Vaisseauref:673

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1743Enseigne de Vaisseauref:6311759Enseigne de Vaisseau
Nicolas Louis de Durfort (Baron de Durfort)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1752-1791
ref:673

5 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1743Brigadier, Garde de Marineref:6311747Garde de la Marineref:6731747 - 25.10.1747Garde de la Marine, Garde du Pavillon
François de Barras de Saint-LaurentFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1747
ref:631
10.1747 - 1748Garde de la Marine
François-Pierre Huon de KermadecFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1756
ref:673
4.1763 - 6.1763Garde de la Marine
Joseph Jules François de MartinengFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1755-1782
ref:673

Service History


DateEventSource
14.10.17472nd Battle of Cape Finisterre
1755

Started a refit at Brest Dockyard

FWAS1626
8.1757Louisbourg Expedition
20.11.1759Battle of Quiberon Bay
1770

Started a refit at Toulon Dockyard

FWAS1626
14.12.1778Battle of St. Lucia
6.7.1779Battle of Grenada
4.1780

Condemned at Rochefort

NNF-1715

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Cy on Thursday 18th of July 2019 08:10

Thanks Albert, looks like a typo and has been corrected


Posted by Albert Parker on Wednesday 17th of July 2019 20:25

The source cited gives the length of Tonnant's gun deck as 168 French feet = 54.5729 meters = 179'½" British; so does Winfield and Roberts, French Warships in the Age of Sail, 1626-1786.

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