Le Jupiter -> 1794 Montagnard -> 1795 Jupiter -> 1797 Batave -> 1795 Démocrate

Nominal Guns74E-WIKI
NationalityRoyaume de France
OperatorState Navy
Keel Laid Down1.6.1788E-WIKI
First Commissioned10.1790E-WIKI
How acquiredPurpose builtE-WIKI
ShipyardBrest - Brittany E-WIKI
Ship ClassDuquesne Group variant of Téméraire ClassE-WIKI
Designed by Jacques-Noël Sané (1740-1831)E-WIKI
CategoryThird RateE-WIKI
National RatePremier RangE-WIKI
Ship TypeShip of the Line E-WIKI
Sailing RigShip RiggedE-WIKI
Broken Up8.1807E-WIKI


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck172' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)55.8656 (183′ 3″ Imperial)
Length of Keel155' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)50.344 (165′ 2″ Imperial)
Breadth44' 6"French Feet (Pied du Roi)14.3318 (47′ 0″ Imperial)
Depth in Hold22' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)7.1456 (23′ 5″ Imperial)


4.11.1789Broadside Weight = 838 French Livre (904.3696 lbs 410.201 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 French 36-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 French 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 French 8-Pounder
Forecastle4 French 8-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
1782700Design Complement

1 Ship Commander

1795Capitaine de Vaisseau Joseph de Richery (1757-1799)PMD

Service History

3.1794Renamed Montagnard
18.5.1795Renamed DémocrateE-WIKI
30.5.1795Renamed Jupiter
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
12.1797Renamed Batave


Previous comments on this page

Posted by Cy on Wednesday 18th of November 2020 15:17

Thanks, sometimes difficult to keep track with so many name changes in a short time

Posted by Niek van Diepen on Wednesday 18th of November 2020 09:00

A correction: Montagnard did not participate in the Glorious 1st of June battle itself, but in the two battles on May 28th and May 29th leading up to the Glorious 1st Of June.
Luis Alberto Valle is right about the Jupiter participating in the 1795 Battle of Hyeres. In this battle and in the 7 Oct 1795 battle the captain was De Richery.

Posted by Niek van Diepen on Wednesday 18th of November 2020 08:49

This is not the Jupiter of San Domingo, that is the renamed Viala 74. This ship participated (as Montagnard) in the Glorious 1st of June, and (as Jupiter) in the Action of 7 October 1795. In the heading 1795 Democrate should follow 1794 Montagnard and precede 1795 Jupiter.

Posted by luis Alberto Valle on Friday 1st of April 2016 14:28

13/07/1795 battle Hyeres

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