Le Téméraire

2161
Nominal Guns74E-WIKI
NationalityRoyaume de France
OperatorMarine Royale
Keel Laid Down5.1782E-WIKI
Launched17.12.1782E-WIKI
First Commissioned7.1783E-WIKI
How acquiredPurpose builtE-WIKI
ShipyardBrest - Brittany E-WIKI
Ship ClassTéméraire ClassE-WIKI
Designed byJacques-Noël Sané (1740-1831)E-WIKI
CategoryThird RateE-WIKI
National RatePremier RangE-WIKI
Ship TypeShip of the Line E-WIKI
Sailing RigShip RiggedE-WIKI
Broken Up1803E-WIKI

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck172' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)55.8656 (183′ 3″ Imperial)
Length of Keel155' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)50.344 (165′ 2″ Imperial)
Breadth44' 6"French Feet (Pied du Roi)14.3318 (47′ 0″ Imperial)
Depth in Hold22' 0"French Feet (Pied du Roi)7.1456 (23′ 5″ Imperial)
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentE-WIKI
Displacement2,900Ton 

Armament


17.12.1782Broadside Weight = 838 French Livre (904.3696 lbs 410.201 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 French 36-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 French 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 French 8-Pounder
Forecastle4 French 8-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1782700Design Complement

1 Commanding Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1794Capitaine de VaisseauJacques-Gerard MorelFWIKI

Service History


DateEventSource
1.6.1794Glorious 1st of June

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by F.F. on Thursday 22nd of June 2017 13:30

Amiral Édouard Burgues de Missiessy, then lieutenant de vaisseau de Missiessy-Quiès, wrote that the displacement of a Téméraire-class ship of the line was 3010 “tonneaux de poids” ≈ 2947t (de Missiessy Quiès, Arrimage des vaisseaux, Paris, Imprimerie royale, 1789, page 9; 1t, or metric ton, 1000 ㎏ ≈ 2204.62 lbs).
Still from Missiessy, this class ship of the line dimensions were (P= “pied”, French foot; p= “pouce”, French inch; m = meter):
172P× 44P6p ×  22P
≈ 55.87 m × 14.46 m × 7.15 m
≈ 183'3.7" × 47'5.1" × 23'5.4" (English feet & inch)
However the French Navy and the British Navy measured ships differently, beam being measured including hull thickness by the British Navy, but without hull thickness by the French Navy, for example.
The dimensions of one of these ships, the Belleisle, formerly the Lion, then the Formidable, were, according to the Royal Navy: gun-deck, 184'5" (56,21 m); keel lenght, 149'5¼" (45,55 m); beam, 48'9" (14,86 m);  21'7½" (6,59 m); 1889 tons burthen (5349 ㎥ of hold). Source: William Laird Clowes & Clement Robert Markham, The Royal Navy : a History from the Earliest Times to the Present, volume 4, London, Sampson Low & Marston, 1897, page 154.

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