Lennox

227
Lenox
Nominal Guns70BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered2.5.1721BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1.2.1721/22BWAS-1714
Launched19.9.1723BWAS-1714
First Commissioned19.4.1726BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
Ship Class1719 Establishment 70-GunnerBWAS-1714
Constructor Benjamin Rosewell (d.1742)BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Sunk as Breakwater4.1756BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck151' 0"Imperial Feet46.0248 
Length of Keel123' 2"Imperial Feet37.4926 
Breadth41' 6"Imperial Feet12.6492 
Depth in Hold17' 4"Imperial Feet5.1961 
Burthen1,128 3994Tons BM 

Armament


1726Broadside Weight = 522 Imperial Pound ( 236.727 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

1756Broadside Weight = 504 Imperial Pound ( 228.564 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1726440EstablishmentBWAS-1714

9 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
19.4.1726 - 23.11.1726Captain Hercules Baker (1683-1744) ADM 6/13/111BWAS-171424.11.1726 - 6.6.1729Captain Digby Dent (c.1680-1737) ADM 6/14/125BWAS-171423.11.1733 - 11.1735Captain Tyrwit Cyley (d.1751) ADM 6/14/155BWAS-17141735 - 18.3.1737/38Captain Joseph Winder (c.1661-1737/38)BWAS-171414.7.1738 - 27.4.1741Captain Covill Mayne (c.1674-1746) ADM 6/15/131BWAS-171428.4.1741 - 15.4.1743Captain James Compton (d.1746) ADM 6/15/413BWAS-171423.5.1744 - 1.10.1744Captain Charles Wyndham (d.1747) ADM 6/16/310BWAS-17142.10.1744 - 10.5.1747Captain Peter Lawrence (d.1758) ADM 6/16/367BWAS-171411.5.1747 - 29.12.1748Captain Charles Holmes (1711-1761)BWAS-1714

42 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
19.4.1726 - 19.12.1726First Lieutenant William Mason (c.1665-1742) ADM 6/14/111ADM 6/1319.4.1726 - 6.6.1729Second Lieutenant David Warren (d.c.1730) ADM 6/14/111ADM 6/1319.4.1726 - 6.6.1729Third Lieutenant John Hughes ADM 6/14/111ADM 6/135.10.1726 - 19.6.1728Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms Andrew Hawes (d.1741) ADM 6/14/122
Confirmed 27.10.1726
ADM 6/13
20.12.1726 - 6.6.1729First Lieutenant Joshua Paine (c.1681-1748) ADM 6/13/128ADM 6/1323.11.1733 - 31.3.1734First Lieutenant Humphrey Haycocke ADM 6/14/155ADM 6/1423.11.1733 - 30.1.1733/34Second Lieutenant Andrew Stevens (d.bef.1741) ADM 6/14/155ADM 6/1431.1.1733/34 - 31.5.1735Second Lieutenant John Watkins (d.1757) Transfered ADM 6/14/162ADM 6/1431.1.1733/34 - 29.3.1734Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms John Cooke (d.1762) ADM 6/14/162ADM 6/1430.3.1734 - 7.6.1739Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms Ingram Kniblo (d.c.1741) Transfered ADM 6/16/180ADM 6/141.4.1734 - 14.3.1737/38First Lieutenant John Fenwick (d.1744) Transfered ADM 6/15/181ADM 6/141.4.1734 - 1.5.1738Third Lieutenant Andrew Stevens (d.bef.1741) ADM 6/15/181ADM 6/1431.5.1735 - 23.3.1737/38Second Lieutenant Leonard Bellamy (d.bef.1746) ADM 6/15/213ADM 6/1414.7.1738 - 3.1.1739/40First Lieutenant Rowland Frogmere (d.1744) ADM 6/15/131ADM 6/1514.7.1738 - 12.4.1739Third Lieutenant William Carleton Transfered ADM 6/15/131ADM 6/1514.7.1738 - 6.6.1739Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms Hugh Forbes (c.1709-1750) ADM 6/15/131ADM 6/157.6.1739 - 15.7.1739Third Lieutenant Hugh Forbes (c.1709-1750) ADM 6/15/180ADM 6/1516.7.1739 - 3.9.1739Third Lieutenant Charles Mason (d.1747) Transfered ADM 6/15/204ADM 6/1516.7.1739 - 25.7.1739Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms Hugh Forbes (c.1709-1750) ADM 6/15/204ADM 6/1514.9.1739 - 5.12.1739Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms Lisle Rowe ADM 6/15/221ADM 6/156.12.1739 - 3.1.1739/40Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms Roger Adams (d.1749) ADM 6/15/239ADM 6/154.1.1739/40 - 27.9.1740First Lieutenant Abraham Duncomb (d.c.1778) Transfered ADM 6/15/243ADM 6/154.1.1739/40 - 26.9.1740Third Lieutenant Roger Adams (d.1749) ADM 6/15/243ADM 6/158.7.1740 - 26.9.1740Second Lieutenant Hugh Forbes (c.1709-1750) Transfered ADM 6/15/307ADM 6/1527.9.1740 - 15.1.1740/41Third Lieutenant John Pitman (d.1746) Transfered ADM 6/15/337ADM 6/1527.9.1740 - 15.1.1739/40Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms Peter Burville (d.1743) Transfered ADM 6/15/337ADM 6/1516.1.1740/41 - 22.1.1740/41Second Lieutenant Thomas Williams (d.1754) Transfered ADM 6/15/370ADM 6/1516.1.1740/41 - 1.2.1740/41Third Lieutenant William Ambrose (d.1743) ADM 6/15/370ADM 6/1523.1.1740/41 - 1.2.1740/41First Lieutenant Thomas Williams (d.1754) Transfered ADM 6/15/372ADM 6/1523.1.1740/41 - 1.2.1740/41Second Lieutenant Francis Parry (c.1714-1742) ADM 6/15/372ADM 6/152.2.1740/41 - 24.3.1740/41First Lieutenant Francis Parry (c.1714-1742) ADM 6/15/376ADM 6/152.2.1740/41 - 1743Second Lieutenant William Ambrose (d.1743)† Discharged Dead ADM 6/15/376ADM 6/1527.3.1741 - 15.4.1743First Lieutenant Francis Mohun (d.1744) ADM 6/15/404ADM 6/1529.4.1742 - 2.1.1742/43Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms George Beaumont (d.1746) Transfered ADM 6/16/102
Confirmed 25.9.1742
ADM 6/16
8.9.1742 - 4.10.1742Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms Richard Haddock (d.1749) Transfered ADM 6/17/109
Confirmed 31.5.1746
ADM 6/18
7.6.1744 - 9.9.1744First Lieutenant Thomas Fincher (c.1717-1749) Transfered ADM 6/16/318ADM 6/167.6.1744 - 31.10.1745Second Lieutenant John Selden ADM 6/16/318ADM 6/169.9.1745 - 10.5.1747Third Lieutenant Rowland Pritchett ADM 6/17/434
Issued by William Rowley (1690-1768), The Mediterranean Sea
Confirmed 27.1.1748/49
ADM 6/17
11.11.1745 - 10.5.1747First Lieutenant Nathaniel Davis (d.1765) ADM 6/17/438
Issued by Isaac Townsend (1684-1765), North America
Confirmed 3.2.1748/49
ref:854
11.11.1745 - 10.5.1747Second Lieutenant Michael Hinde ADM 6/17/473
Issued by Isaac Townsend (1684-1765), North America
Confirmed 3.7.1749
ADM 6/17
14.4.1748 - 29.12.1748Third Lieutenant John Bowerbank (c.1725-1777) ADM 6/17/534
Issued by Charles Knowles (1704-1777), Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Confirmed 26.10.1750
ADM 6/17
21.12.1748 - 29.12.1748Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms James Wilkie ADM 6/17/421ADM 6/17

2 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
15.4.1726 - 6.6.1729Midshipman George Grant (c.1701-?) ADM 107/3/224ADM 107/36.7.1726 - 20.9.1729Midshipman George Rawlings (c.1710-?) ADM 107/3/296ADM 107/3

Service History


DateEventSource
1726Completed in the spring at a cost of £14,917.12.6d to build, plus £1,057.11.0d for fittingBWAS-1714
1726Commissioned for Jenning's fleetBWAS-1714
10.1726To the StraitsBWAS-1714
12.1726Fitted at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
6.6.1729

Paid off

ADM 51
8.1730Started a small repair at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
10.1730Completed small repair at a cost of £5,253.5.9dBWAS-1714
1734Fitted as a guardship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1734RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.1735Paid offBWAS-1714
6.1738Started repair and refit at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
8.1738Completed repair and refit at a cost of £2,088.7.9dBWAS-1714
12.1738Reduced to a guardshipBWAS-1714
23.7.1739Sailed with Vernon's squadronBWAS-1714
8.1739Off FinisterreBWAS-1714
8.4.1740Capture of the Princesa
8.4.1740Took the Ship of the Line Princesa (70) off Cape Finisterre
7.1740With Norris' fleet of Ferrol until SeptemberBWAS-1714
7.1741With Norris' fleetBWAS-1714
1742In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
3.1742/43Strated a great repair and refit at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
4.1744Recommissioned for Medley's squadron in the WinterBWAS-1714
6.1744Completed repair and refit at a cost of £15,066.10.4dBWAS-1714
8.1745Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
8.1746Engaged in Mitchel's encounter with ConflansBWAS-1714
3.8.1746Action of August 3 1746
25.3.1747Action of March 25 1747
26.3.1747Encounter with Dubois de la Motte's squadron off Cape NicholasBWAS-1714
10.5.1747

Paid off

ADM 51
8.3.1747/48Involved in the attack on Port LouisBWAS-1714
5.4.1748At SantiagoBWAS-1714
9.4.1748Battle of Santiago de Cuba
12.10.1748Battle of Havana
29.12.1748Paid offADM 51
2.2.1748/49SurveyedBWAS-1714
15.11.1755Reported as unfitBWAS-1714
1756Refitted as a 64 gun Third Rate
2.4.1756Order sunk as a breakwater at SheernessBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
24.12.1726-9.4.1728British Squadron for the relief of GibraltarSir Charles Wager (1666-1743) 
25.7.1739-1741British Fleet in the West indies Edward Vernon (1684-1757) 
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Albert Parker on Saturday 19th of December 2020 19:27

Lennox (often spelled "Lenox")is also listed as a 56 during the attack on Santiago de Cuba on March 28/April 8, 1748, in Herbert Richmond, _The Navy in the War of 1739-48_, vol. III, p. 126 (footnote). The reduction was probably made during a refit at Port Royal, Jamaica, over the winter of 1747-48. Since she had only 12 6-pounders, a pair of upper-deck 12s or main-deck 24s must also have been removed.


Posted by Albert Parker on Thursday 14th of November 2019 05:17

At the Battle of Havana, October 1/12, 1748, Lennox had only 56 guns mounted. I have not been able to find out what was removed, presumably because of weakness of the hull, or when (i.e., whether before or after the attack on Port St. Louis). Usually, the heaviest guns were kept if the ship could carry them; if not, they would be replaced by lighter guns (in this case, 24s by 18s) *if they were available,* which might not have been the case at Jamaica. A minimum removal would be 14 × 6-pounders.

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