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Lennox

227
Lenox
Nominal Guns70BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered2.5.1721BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1.2.1721/22BWAS-1714
Launched19.9.1723BWAS-1714
First Commissioned19.4.1726BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
Ship Class1719 Establishment 70-Gunner (1719)BWAS-1714
Constructor
Benjamin RosewellBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1695-1741
BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Sunk as Breakwater4.1756BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck151' 0"Imperial Feet46.0248 
Length of Keel123' 2"Imperial Feet37.4926 
Breadth41' 6"Imperial Feet12.6492 
Depth in Hold17' 4"Imperial Feet5.1961 
Burthen1,128 3994Tons BM 

Armament


1726Broadside Weight = 522 Imperial Pound ( 236.727 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

1756Broadside Weight = 504 Imperial Pound ( 228.564 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1726440EstablishmentBWAS-1714

9 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
19.4.1726 - 23.11.1726Captain
Hercules BakerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1698-1726
ADM 6/13/111
BWAS-1714
24.11.1726 - 6.6.1729Captain
Digby DentBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1697-1737
ADM 6/14/125
BWAS-1714
23.11.1733 - 11.1735Captain
Tyrwit CyleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1699-1745
ADM 6/14/155
BWAS-1714
1735 - 18.3.1737/38Captain
Joseph WinderBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1687-1720
BWAS-1714
14.7.1738 - 27.4.1741Captain
Covill MayneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1741
ADM 6/15/131
BWAS-1714
28.4.1741 - 15.4.1743Captain
James ComptonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1743
ADM 6/15/413
BWAS-1714
23.5.1744 - 1.10.1744Captain
Charles WyndhamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1728-1747
ADM 6/16/310
BWAS-1714
2.10.1744 - 10.5.1747Captain
Peter LawrenceBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1755
ADM 6/16/367
BWAS-1714
11.5.1747 - 29.12.1748Captain
Charles HolmesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1734-1761
BWAS-1714

42 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
19.4.1726 - 19.12.1726First Lieutenant
William MasonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1675-1727
ADM 6/14/111
ADM 6/13
19.4.1726 - 6.6.1729Second Lieutenant
David WarrenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1705-1730
ADM 6/14/111
ADM 6/13
19.4.1726 - 6.6.1729Third Lieutenant
John HughesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1709-1730
ADM 6/14/111
ADM 6/13
5.10.1726 - 19.6.1728Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Andrew HawesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1741
ADM 6/14/122
Confirmed 27.10.1726
ADM 6/13
20.12.1726 - 6.6.1729First Lieutenant
Joshua PaineBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1694-1748
ADM 6/13/128
ADM 6/13
23.11.1733 - 31.3.1734First Lieutenant
Humphrey HaycockeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1701-1734
ADM 6/14/155
ADM 6/14
23.11.1733 - 30.1.1733/34Second Lieutenant
Andrew StevensBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1730
ADM 6/14/155
ADM 6/14
31.1.1733/34 - 31.5.1735Second Lieutenant
John WatkinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1721-1746
Transfered ADM 6/14/162
ADM 6/14
31.1.1733/34 - 29.3.1734Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
John CookeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1718-1739
ADM 6/14/162
ADM 6/14
30.3.1734 - 7.6.1739Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Ingram KnibloBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1711-1741
Transfered ADM 6/16/180
ADM 6/14
1.4.1734 - 14.3.1737/38First Lieutenant
John FenwickBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1704-1741
Transfered ADM 6/15/181
ADM 6/14
1.4.1734 - 1.5.1738Third Lieutenant
Andrew StevensBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1730
ADM 6/15/181
ADM 6/14
31.5.1735 - 23.3.1737/38Second Lieutenant
Leonard BellamyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1711-1746
ADM 6/15/213
ADM 6/14
14.7.1738 - 3.1.1739/40First Lieutenant
Rowland FrogmereBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1718-1743
ADM 6/15/131
ADM 6/15
14.7.1738 - 12.4.1739Third Lieutenant
William CarletonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1740
Transfered ADM 6/15/131
ADM 6/15
14.7.1738 - 6.6.1739Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Hugh ForbesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1748
ADM 6/15/131
ADM 6/15
7.6.1739 - 15.7.1739Third Lieutenant
Hugh ForbesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1748
ADM 6/15/180
ADM 6/15
16.7.1739 - 3.9.1739Third Lieutenant
Charles MasonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1709-1740
Transfered ADM 6/15/204
ADM 6/15
16.7.1739 - 25.7.1739Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Hugh ForbesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1748
ADM 6/15/204
ADM 6/15
14.9.1739 - 5.12.1739Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Lisle RoweBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1734-1739
ADM 6/15/221
ADM 6/15
6.12.1739 - 3.1.1739/40Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Roger AdamsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1746
ADM 6/15/239
ADM 6/15
4.1.1739/40 - 27.9.1740First Lieutenant
Abraham DuncombBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1711-1743
Transfered ADM 6/15/243
ADM 6/15
4.1.1739/40 - 26.9.1740Third Lieutenant
Roger AdamsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1746
Transfered ADM 6/15/243
ADM 6/15
8.7.1740 - 26.9.1740Second Lieutenant
Hugh ForbesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1748
Transfered ADM 6/15/307
ADM 6/15
27.9.1740 - 15.1.1740/41Third Lieutenant
John PitmanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1719-1740
Transfered ADM 6/15/337
ADM 6/15
27.9.1740 - 15.1.1739/40Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Peter BurvilleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1722-1743
Transfered ADM 6/15/337
ADM 6/15
16.1.1740/41 - 22.1.1740/41Second Lieutenant
Thomas WilliamsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1745
Transfered ADM 6/15/370
ADM 6/15
16.1.1740/41 - 1.2.1740/41Third Lieutenant
William AmbroseBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1743
ADM 6/15/370
ADM 6/15
23.1.1740/41 - 1.2.1740/41First Lieutenant
Thomas WilliamsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1745
Transfered ADM 6/15/372
ADM 6/15
23.1.1740/41 - 1.2.1740/41Second Lieutenant
Francis ParryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1739
ADM 6/15/372
ADM 6/15
2.2.1740/41 - 24.3.1740/41First Lieutenant
Francis ParryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1739
ADM 6/15/376
ADM 6/15
2.2.1740/41 - c.9.1743Second Lieutenant
William AmbroseBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1743
† Discharged Dead ADM 6/15/376
ADM 6/15
27.3.1741 - 15.4.1743First Lieutenant
Francis MohunBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1744
ADM 6/15/404
ADM 6/15
29.4.1742 - 2.1.1742/43Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
George BeaumontBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1742-1746
Transfered ADM 6/16/102
Confirmed 25.9.1742
ADM 6/16
8.9.1742 - 4.10.1742Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Richard HaddockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1748
Transfered ADM 6/17/109
Confirmed 31.5.1746
ADM 6/18
7.6.1744 - 9.9.1744First Lieutenant
Thomas FincherBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1740
Transfered ADM 6/16/318
ADM 6/16
7.6.1744 - 31.10.1745Second Lieutenant
John SeldenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1760
ADM 6/16/318
ADM 6/16
9.9.1745 - 10.5.1747Third Lieutenant
Rowland PritchettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1748
ADM 6/17/434
Issued by
William RowleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1704-1763
, The Mediterranean Sea
Confirmed 27.1.1748/49
ADM 6/17
11.11.1745 - 10.5.1747First Lieutenant
Nathaniel DavisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1761
ADM 6/17/438
Issued by
Isaac TownsendBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1696-1746
, North America
Confirmed 3.2.1748/49
ref:854
11.11.1745 - 10.5.1747Second Lieutenant
Michael HindeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1759
ADM 6/17/473
Issued by
Isaac TownsendBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1696-1746
, North America
Confirmed 3.7.1749
ADM 6/17
14.4.1748 - 29.12.1748Third Lieutenant
John BowerbankBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1763
ADM 6/17/534
Issued by
Charles KnowlesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1718-1770
, Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Confirmed 26.10.1750
ADM 6/17
21.12.1748 - 29.12.1748Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms
James WilkieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1742-1757
ADM 6/17/421
ADM 6/17

2 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
15.4.1726 - 6.6.1729Midshipman
George GrantBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1770
ADM 107/3/224
ADM 107/3
6.7.1726 - 20.9.1729Midshipman
George RawlingsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1735
ADM 107/3/296
ADM 107/3

Service History


DateEventSource
1726Completed in the spring at a cost of £14,917.12.6d to build, plus £1,057.11.0d for fittingBWAS-1714
1726Commissioned for Jenning's fleetBWAS-1714
10.1726To the StraitsBWAS-1714
12.1726Fitted at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
6.6.1729

Paid off

ADM 51
8.1730Started a small repair at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
10.1730Completed small repair at a cost of £5,253.5.9dBWAS-1714
1734Fitted as a guardship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1734RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.1735Paid offBWAS-1714
6.1738Started repair and refit at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
8.1738Completed repair and refit at a cost of £2,088.7.9dBWAS-1714
12.1738Reduced to a guardshipBWAS-1714
23.7.1739Sailed with Vernon's squadronBWAS-1714
8.1739Off FinisterreBWAS-1714
8.4.1740Capture of the Princesa
8.4.1740Took the Ship of the Line
Princesa (70) 1730-1740
Spanish 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
off Cape Finisterre

7.1740With Norris' fleet of Ferrol until SeptemberBWAS-1714
7.1741With Norris' fleetBWAS-1714
1742In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
3.1742/43Strated a great repair and refit at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
4.1744Recommissioned for Medley's squadron in the WinterBWAS-1714
6.1744Completed repair and refit at a cost of £15,066.10.4dBWAS-1714
8.1745Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
8.1746Engaged in Mitchel's encounter with ConflansBWAS-1714
3.8.1746Action of August 3 1746
25.3.1747Action of March 25 1747
26.3.1747Encounter with Dubois de la Motte's squadron off Cape NicholasBWAS-1714
10.5.1747

Paid off

ADM 51
8.3.1747/48Involved in the attack on Port LouisBWAS-1714
5.4.1748At SantiagoBWAS-1714
9.4.1748Battle of Santiago de Cuba
12.10.1748Battle of Havana
29.12.1748Paid offADM 51
2.2.1748/49SurveyedBWAS-1714
15.11.1755Reported as unfitBWAS-1714
1756Refitted as a 64 gun Third Rate
2.4.1756Order sunk as a breakwater at SheernessBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
24.12.1726-9.4.1728British Squadron for the relief of Gibraltar
Sir Charles WagerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1734
 
25.7.1739-1741British Fleet in the West indies
Edward VernonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1702-1746
 
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Albert Parker on Saturday 19th of December 2020 19:27

Lennox (often spelled "Lenox")is also listed as a 56 during the attack on Santiago de Cuba on March 28/April 8, 1748, in Herbert Richmond, _The Navy in the War of 1739-48_, vol. III, p. 126 (footnote). The reduction was probably made during a refit at Port Royal, Jamaica, over the winter of 1747-48. Since she had only 12 6-pounders, a pair of upper-deck 12s or main-deck 24s must also have been removed.


Posted by Albert Parker on Thursday 14th of November 2019 05:17

At the Battle of Havana, October 1/12, 1748, Lennox had only 56 guns mounted. I have not been able to find out what was removed, presumably because of weakness of the hull, or when (i.e., whether before or after the attack on Port St. Louis). Usually, the heaviest guns were kept if the ship could carry them; if not, they would be replaced by lighter guns (in this case, 24s by 18s) *if they were available,* which might not have been the case at Jamaica. A minimum removal would be 14 × 6-pounders.

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Date postedByPage
Friday 20th of May 2022 12:42Paul McKee
Wednesday 18th of May 2022 23:55Daryl Beattie
Monday 16th of May 2022 06:45Cy
Sunday 15th of May 2022 21:56Albert Parker
Sunday 15th of May 2022 19:22Cy
Jan HalfhoornDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1665