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Bonhomme Richard

2390
Nominal Guns44DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorContinental Navy
Previously
Purchased4.2.1779DANFS
ShipyardLorient - Brittany NNF-1715
CategoryFifth RateDANFS
Ship TypeShipDANFS
Sailing RigShip RiggedDANFS
Foundered25.9.1779DANFS

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric Equivalent
Displacement700Ton 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Length of Gundeck152' 0"Imperial Feet46.3296 
Breadth40' 0"Imperial Feet12.192 
Depth in Hold19' 0"Imperial Feet5.7912 
Burthen998Tons BM 

Armament


1779Broadside Weight = 240 French Livre (259.008 lbs 117.48 kg)DANFS
Gun Deck28 French 12-Pounder
Lower Gun Deck6 French 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 French 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 French 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
2.1779375 DANFS

1 Ship Commander


DatesRankNameSource
4.2.1779 - 25.9.1779Captain
John Paul JonesAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1845
DANFS

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
4.2.1779 - 25.9.1779First Lieutenant
Richard DaleAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1798
B055
4.2.1779 - 25.9.1779Acting Lieutenant
John MayrantAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1829
B055
4.2.1779 - 25.9.1779Lieutenant
Eugene MacartyAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1829
B055
4.2.1779 - 25.9.1779Lieutenant
Edward StackAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1829
B055
4.2.1779 - 25.9.1779Lieutenant
Henry LuntAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1829
B055
4.2.1779 - 25.9.1779Lieutenant
Robert RobinsonAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1829
DANFS

3 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
4.2.1779 - 25.9.1779Purser
Mathew MeaseAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1829
B055
4.2.1779 - 25.9.1779Surgeon
Laurens BrookeAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1829
B055
4.2.1779 - 25.9.1779Acting Master
Samuel StaceyAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1829
B055

Service History


DateEventSource
19.6.1779Sailed from L'Orient accompanied by
Alliance (36) 1778-1785
American 36 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
,
La Pallas (34) 1778-1780
French 34 Gun
4th Rate Frigate
,
Vengeance (3) 1779-1783
American 3 Gun
Unrated Ship
and Cerf

8.1779Took 16 merchant vessels prizeDANFS
14.8.1779Squadron left port again, having been forced back to port earlier
23.9.1779Battle of Flamborough Head
25.9.1779Sank due to damage taken on Sep 23rdDANFS


Notes on Ship


General Notes

Originally a French East-Indiaman Duc de Duras



Armed for protection against pirates in far eastern waters She carried her guns on one deck, twenty-eight 12-pounders, with six lighter pieces, six-pounders, on the poop-deck and forecastle. Ports were cut in the gun room on the deck below where [John Paul Jones] mounted six 18-pounder guns.


Detached crew

Lieutenant Henry Lunt had been detached with a prize crew prior to the Battle of Flamborough Head



 

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