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Boston

2391
Nominal Guns24DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorContinental Navy
Ordered13.12.1775DANFS
Launched3.6.1776DANFS
How acquiredPurpose builtDANFS
ShipyardNewburyport - Massachusetts DANFS
Constructor
Ralph CrossAmerican
Ship Builder
DANFS
CategoryFifth RateDANFS
Ship TypeFrigateDANFS
Sailing RigShip RiggedDANFS
Captured12.5.1780DANFS
Becomes

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Moulded Breadth114'Imperial Feet34.7545 
Breadth32Imperial Feet0.4064 
Burthen514Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Length of Gundeck114' 3"Imperial Feet34.7526 
Breadth32Imperial Feet0.4064 
Depth in Hold10' 3"Imperial Feet3.1242 
Burthen514Tons BM 

Armament


1777Broadside Weight = 129.5 Imperial Pound ( 58.72825 kg) 
Gun Deck5 American 12-Pounder
Gun Deck19 American 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck2 American 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 American 4-Pounder

2 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
1777 - 9.1777Captain
Hector McNeillAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1728-1828
DANFS
17.9.1777 - 12.5.1780Captain
Samuel TuckerAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1847
DANFS

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1778 - 3.1778First Lieutenant
William BarronAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1778
DANFS
1778Lieutenant
Hezekiah WelchAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1846
DANFS

Service History


DateEventSource
21.5.1777Left Boston the North Atlantic in company with
Hancock (1) 1775-1775
American 1 Gun
Unrated Galley
and Several Privateers

27.5.1777All Privateers had left the two frigatesDANFS
29.5.1777Took a Brig belonging to a convoy under
Somerset (68) 1748-1778
British 68 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
- 64 and a frigate

7.6.1777Action of 7th June 1777
7.6.1777Took the Frigate
Fox (28) 1773-1778
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate

6.7.1777Took a Sloop sailing out of Louisburg, it was burnt later
6.7.1777Sighted and chased by three British vessels,
Flora (32) 1761-1778
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
- 38,
Rainbow (44) 1747-1802
British 44 Gun
5th Rate Ship of the Line
- 44 and
Victor (10) 1770-1770
British 10 Gun
Unrated Sloop

7.7.1777Action of 7th July 1777
8.7.1777Escaped from British ships and entered the Sheepscot River on the Maine coast|DANFS
15.2.1778Sailed for France carrying John Quincy AdamsDANFS
3.1778First Lieutenant
William BarronAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1778
fatal injured by a bursting gun

10.3.1778Took the Martha - 16, carrying cargo worth £97,000. Lieutenant
Hezekiah WelchAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1846
placed on board as prize master

31.3.1778Arrived at the Garonne RiverDANFS
1.4.1778Moved to BordeauxDANFS
6.6.1778Sailed in company with a French frigate and a fleet of merchantmenDANFS
3.7.1778Arrived in L'Orient after a cruise in the Bay of Biscay in which four prizes were takenDANFS
1.8.1778Left L'OrientDANFS
3.8.1778Arrived at St NazaireDANFS
8.8.1778Sailed in company with the
Providence (28) 1776-1780
American 28 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
,
Ranger (14) 1777-1780
American 14 Gun
Unrated Sloop
and a small convoy

14.8.1778Arrived at BrestDANFS
22.8.1778In company with the
Providence (28) 1776-1780
American 28 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
and
Ranger (14) 1777-1780
American 14 Gun
Unrated Sloop
sailed for America

15.10.1778Arrived Portsmouth, New HampshireDANFS
6.6.1779Took the Privateer
Pole (24) 1777-1779
British 24 Gun
Privateer
W027
25.8.1779Took the Sloop
Thorn (16) 1779-1779
British 16 Gun
Unrated Sloop

6.9.1779Returned to Portsmouth , New Hampshire
23.11.1779Left for cruise in North Atlantic
23.12.1779Returned to Portsmouth , New HampshireDANFS
1780Sent to assist defense of of Charleston, South CarolinaDANFS
12.5.1780Captured by the British when the Charleston surrenderedDANFS


Notes on Ship


Figureheadref:76
Figurehead an Indian Head with a Bow and Arrow in the Hand, painted White, Red and Yellow, Two top gallant Royal Masts, Pole mizen topmast on which she hoists a Top gallant Sail, painted nearly like the [USF Hancock|Hancock] with Netting all round, has a Garf , a Mast in room of an Ensign Staff with a Latteen Sail on it, and mounts 30 guns.

 

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