Chesapeake

2395
Nominal Guns36DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorUnited States Navy
Ordered30.6.1798DANFS
Keel Laid Down14.11.1798DANFS
Launched2.12.1799DANFS
How acquiredPurpose builtDANFS
ShipyardGosport Shipyard - Gosport DANFS
Designed by Josiah Fox (1763-1847)BWAS-1793
Constructor Humphreys, Huttan & DelavueDANFS
CategoryFifth RateDANFS
Ship TypeFrigate DANFS
Sailing RigShip RiggedDANFS
Captured1.6.1813DANFS
BecomesBritish Fifth Rate frigate 'Chesapeake' (1813) (38)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck151' 8"Imperial Feet46.0288 
Length of Keel127' 5"Imperial Feet38.7143 
Breadth40' 11"Imperial Feet12.2174 
Moulded Breadth40' 4"Imperial Feet12.2936 
Depth in Hold13' 9"Imperial Feet4.0386 
Burthen1,134 6394Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Length of Gundeck152' 8"Imperial Feet46.3335 
Breadth41' 3"Imperial Feet12.573 
Depth in Hold20' 1"Imperial Feet6.1214 
Burthen1,244Tons BM 

Armament


1800Broadside Weight = 462 Imperial Pound ( 209.517 kg)DANFS
Gun Deck30 American 18 Pounder
Spardeck12 American 32-Pounder Carronade

1813Broadside Weight = 459 Imperial Pound ( 208.1565 kg)B020
Gun Deck28 American 18 Pounder
Gun Deck2 American 12-Pounder
Gun Deck1 American 6-Pounder
Spardeck12 American 32-Pounder Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1800340Establishment?DANFS
1.6.1813381From the sworn statement of Lieutenant BuddW005
1.6.1813379Actual complementB020

7 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
12.1799 - 7.1807Captain James Barron (1768-1851)DANFS1802 - 1803Captain Alexander Murray (d.1828)E-WIKI25.4.1806 - 1807Master Commandant Charles Gordon (d.1817)W0571807Captain Stephen Decatur (1779-1820)DANFS1807Captain Alexander J Dallas (d.1844)DANFS4.7.1812 - 20.5.1813Captain Samuel Evans (d.1824)W00520.5.1813 - 1.6.1813Captain James Lawrence (1781-1813)DANFS

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
27.4.1802 - 1.6.1803Commodore Richard V MorrisDANFS

9 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1801 - 15.5.1801Lieutenant John Archerref:120315.8.1801Lieutenant John Ballardref:12031807First Lieutenant George Parker (d.1814)DANFS1807Lieutenant Augustus C Ludlow (d.1813)DANFS10.6.1807 - 1807Lieutenant Arthur Sinclair (d.1831)E-WIKI23.5.1812 - 1.6.1813Lieutenant George Budd (d.1837)DANFS1.6.1813 - 1813First Lieutenant Augustus C Ludlow (d.1813)DANFS1.6.1813 - 1813Lieutenant Henry E Ballard (d.1855)DANFS1.6.1813 - 1813Acting Lieutenant William Sitgreaves CoxDANFS

6 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
28.2.1800Master Edward Ballardref:120314.3.1800 - 8.7.1801Carpenter Robert Armisteadref:120318.4.1800 - Surgeon's Mate Sterling Archerref:120310.5.1801Chaplain William Balchref:120315.7.1812 - 1.6.1813Master William A White (d.1813)W0491.6.1813 - 1813Gunner Mathew RogersE-WIKI

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1800 - 1803Midshipman Lewis Warrington (1782-1851)W053

2 Marines


DatesRankNameSource
1.6.1800 - 31.7.1800Marine Private Ebenezer Carlisle (c.1779-?)ref:11449.1808 - 25.9.1809Marine Corporal John Francisco (c.1779-?)ref:1144

Service History


DateEventSource
6.6.1800Left Norfolk for a cruise of the southern coast of the USA and the West Indies
1801Placed in ordinary at Norfolk
1.1.1801Took the Privateer La Jeune Creole
11.5.1801Departed Gibraltar bound for North America
1.7.1801Arrived at Gibraltar
27.4.1802Recommisioned as Mediterannean Flagship of Commodore Richard V Morris
6.4.1803Left Gibraltar for America
1.6.1803Arrived at Washington Navy Yard and placed in ordinary soon after
1807Recommissioned
6.1807Left Hampton Roads
22.6.1807

Incident with Leopard (50), in which the Chesapeake suffered 21 casualties and had 4 men carried off

E-WIKI
13.12.1812Cruised in the Atlantic taking five British Merchantmen prize
9.4.1813Returned to the United States
1.6.1813Left Boston to engage Shannon (38)
1.6.1813Chesapeake vs Shannon
1.6.1813Taken by Shannon (38)


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
1802-1803American Mediterranean Squadron 1802-1803 Richard V Morris 

Notes on Ship


Casualties and DamageW057

In the action against the Shannon the Chesapeake had sixty-one killed or mortally wounded, including her Captain, First and Fourth Lieutenants, master, Boatswain and three Midshipmen, and eight-five wounded, including her both the other Lieutenants, five midshipmen and the Chaplain.

During the fifteen minute engagement the Chesapeake was struck by the following shot (From a table in Roosevelt)

39  eighteen pound
25  thirty-two pound
2  nine pound
306  grape
362  Total shot


 

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