Congress

2399
Nominal Guns38DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorUnited States Navy
Ordered1794/03/27DANFS
Keel Laid Down1796ref:740
Launched1799/08/15DANFS
First Commissioned1799/12ref:740
How acquiredPurpose builtDANFS
ShipyardPortsmouth DANFS
Ship ClassConstellation Class
Designed byJoshua HumphreysB90
ConstructorJames HackettDANFS
CategoryFifth RateDANFS
Ship TypeFrigate
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up1834DANFS

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Length of Gundeck164' 0"Imperial Feet49.9872 
Breadth41' 0"Imperial Feet12.4968 
Depth in Hold13' 4"Imperial Feet3.9963 
Burthen1,266Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB90
Length of Gundeck164' 0"Imperial Feet49.9872 
Breadth41' 5"Imperial Feet12.6238 
Depth in Hold14' 3"Imperial Feet4.2863 
Burthen1,266Tons BM 

Armament


1800Broadside Weight = 288 Imperial Pound ( 130.608 kg)DANFS
Gun Deck24 American 18 Pounder
Quarterdeck8 American 12-Pounder
Forecastle4 American 12-Pounder

1800Broadside Weight = 288 Imperial Pound ( 130.608 kg)B90
Gun Deck24 American 18 Pounder
Quarterdeck8 American 12-Pounder
Forecastle4 American 12-Pounder

1800/01Broadside Weight = 252 Imperial Pound ( 114.282 kg)B90
Gun Deck28 American 18 Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1800340Establishment?DANFS

Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1799 - 1801/04CaptainJames SeverDANFS1804/04 - 1804/0//0GCaptainJohn RodgersDANFS1804/08 - 1804/11CaptainStephen DecaturDANFS1811/09 - 1813/12CaptainJohn SmithDANFS1822/10 - 1824CaptainJames BiddleDANFS

Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1812 - 1813LieutenantLewis WarringtonW053

Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1821 - 1821/0//0GSurgeonAndrew B CookUSNR-1821

Petty Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1815 - 1817MidshipmanJoel AbbotW0641821 - 1821/0//0GSurgeon's MateJohn FitzhughUSNR-18211821 - 1821/0//0GSurgeon's MateDavid S EdwardsUSNR-1821

Service History


DateEventSource
1799Outfitted at Portsmouth, Boston and Newport Rhode Island
1800/01/06Left Newport in company with Essex (32) as convoy to merchantmen
1800/01/12Lost a mast and returned to port
1800/07/26Left for the West Indies
1800/08/29Recaptured the merchant brig Experiment
1801/04Returned to Boston and placed in ordinary at Washington
1804/04Recommissioned and left for the Mediterranean
1804/08/11Arrived at Gibraltar
1804/11Laid up in ordinary at Washington
1804/11Returned to the United States
1811/09Recommissioned after extensive repairs
1812Several brief cruises along the Eastern coast of the United States
1812/06Assigned to the North Atlantic squadron
1812/06/23Chase of the Belvidera (36) (36) in company with President (44)
1812/08Returned to Boston
1812/10/08Left Boston in company with President (44)
1812/10/10Chased the Nymphe (38) (38)
1812/10/21Contacted Galatea (36) (36) convoying two vessels, Congress took one - ''Argo''
1812/12/31Returned to Boston after taking nine prizes in total on her cruise
1813/04/30Cruise off the Cape Verde Islands and the Braziliam coast with President (44)
1813/05/02Unsuccessful chase of the British sloop Curlew (16) (18)
1813/05/08Parted company with President (44) , sailed southeast taking four prizes
1813/12/14Returned to Portsmouth for repairs and was disarmed and laid up
1822/10Operations against the West Indies pirates
1823Trips to Spain and Argentina carrying ministers of state
1823/04Returned to the United States
1824Placed in ordinary at Norfolk
1824/12Towed to Washington for repairs
1829Returned to Norfolk for service as a receiving ship, years later laid up in ordinary
1834Broken up at Norfolk
// 


Notes on Ship


Original RequirementB90
Originally ordered as a 44, re-rated during construction
Delays in constructionB90
Construction ceased from 1796 to 1798
Builder?B90
The 'The U.S. Sailing Navy, 1775-1853' gives Jason Hackett as the builder.

Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
DANFS Dictionary of American Naval Fighting ShipsUnknownWeb Site
ref:740 The Sailing Navy, 1775-1854Paul H. SilverstoneBook
B90 The U.S. Sailing Navy, 1775-1853Paul H SilverstoneBook
W053 Virtual American BiographiesVariousWeb Site
USNR-1821 US Naval Register for 1821AuthorityWeb Site
W064 USS Abbot - DD629 Web Site
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by regis on Monday 3rd of April 2017 18:39

see the sailing navy de Silverstone

régis


Posted by Vol Williams on Monday 3rd of April 2017 03:06

Any idea what the armament was for Congress in 1812?

Make a comment about this page





Recent comments to other pages
Date postedByPage
Thursday 19th of October 2017 16:27MarilynJohn Bourmaster
Wednesday 18th of October 2017 20:01AvMBritish fireship 'Tisiphone' (1781) (8)
Tuesday 17th of October 2017 16:31Tim OakleyBritish fireship 'Tisiphone' (1781) (8)
Monday 16th of October 2017 13:42Robert NelsonRobert Laurie Atkinson
Saturday 14th of October 2017 17:30Tim OakleyAction of 1781-07-31