Congress2399
Nominal Guns38DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorUnited States Navy
Ordered1794/03/27DANFS
Keel Laid Down1796ref:740
Launched1799/08/15DANFS
First Commissioned1799/12ref:740
How acquiredPurpose builtDANFS
ShipyardPortsmouth DANFS
Ship ClassConstellation Class
Designed byJoshua HumphreysB90
ConstructorJames HackettDANFS
CategoryFifth RateDANFS
Ship TypeFrigate
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up1834DANFS

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Length of Gundeck164' 0"Imperial Feet49.9872
Breadth41' 0"Imperial Feet12.4968
Depth in Hold13' 4"Imperial Feet3.9963
Burthen1,266Tons BM
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB90
Length of Gundeck164' 0"Imperial Feet49.9872
Breadth41' 5"Imperial Feet12.6238
Depth in Hold14' 3"Imperial Feet4.2863
Burthen1,266Tons BM

Armament

1800Broadside Weight = 288 Imperial Pound ( 130.608 kg) DANFS
Gun Deck24American 18 Pounder
Quarterdeck8American 12-Pounder
Forecastle4American 12-Pounder
1800Broadside Weight = 288 Imperial Pound ( 130.608 kg) B90
Gun Deck24American 18 Pounder
Quarterdeck8American 12-Pounder
Forecastle4American 12-Pounder
1800/01Broadside Weight = 252 Imperial Pound ( 114.282 kg) B90
Gun Deck28American 18 Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
1800340Establishment?DANFS

Commanders

FromToRankNameSource
17991801/04CaptainJames SeverDANFS
1804/041804CaptainJohn RodgersDANFS
1804/081804/11CaptainStephen DecaturDANFS
1811/091813/12CaptainJohn SmithDANFS
1822/101824CaptainJames BiddleDANFS

Commissioned Officers

FromToRankNameSource
18121813LieutenantLewis WarringtonW053

Warrant Officers

FromToRankNameSource
18211821SurgeonAndrew B CookUSNR-1821

Petty Officers

FromToRankNameSource
18151817MidshipmanJoel AbbotW064
18211821Surgeon's MateJohn FitzhughUSNR-1821
18211821Surgeon's MateDavid S EdwardsUSNR-1821

Service History

DateEvent Source
1799Outfitted at Portsmouth, Boston and Newport Rhode Island 
1800/01/06Left Newport in company with Essex as convoy to merchantmen 
1800/01/12Lost a mast and returned to port 
1800/07/26Left for the West Indies 
1800/08/29Recaptured the merchant brig Experiment 
1801/04Returned to Boston and placed in ordinary at Washington 
1804/04Recommissioned and left for the Mediterranean 
1804/08/11Arrived at Gibraltar 
1804/11Laid up in ordinary at Washington 
1804/11Returned to the United States 
1811/09Recommissioned after extensive repairs 
1812Several brief cruises along the Eastern coast of the United States 
1812/06Assigned to the North Atlantic squadron 
1812/06/23Chase of the Belvidera (36) in company with President  
1812/08Returned to Boston 
1812/10/08Left Boston in company with President  
1812/10/10Chased the Nymphe (38) 
1812/10/21Contacted Galatea (36) convoying two vessels, Congress took one - ''Argo'' 
1812/12/31Returned to Boston after taking nine prizes in total on her cruise 
1813/04/30Cruise off the Cape Verde Islands and the Braziliam coast with President  
1813/05/02Unsuccessful chase of the British sloop Curlew (18) 
1813/05/08Parted company with President , sailed southeast taking four prizes 
1813/12/14Returned to Portsmouth for repairs and was disarmed and laid up 
1822/10Operations against the West Indies pirates 
1823Trips to Spain and Argentina carrying ministers of state 
1823/04Returned to the United States 
1824Placed in ordinary at Norfolk 
1824/12Towed to Washington for repairs 
1829Returned to Norfolk for service as a receiving ship, years later laid up in ordinary 
1834Broken up at Norfolk 


Notes on Ship


Original RequirementB90
Originally ordered as a 44, re-rated during construction
Delays in constructionB90
Construction ceased from 1796 to 1798
Builder?B90
The 'The U.S. Sailing Navy, 1775-1853' gives Jason Hackett as the builder.

Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
DANFS Dictionary of American Naval Fighting ShipsUnknownWeb Site
ref:740 The Sailing Navy, 1775-1854Paul H. SilverstoneBook
B90 The U.S. Sailing Navy, 1775-1853Paul H SilverstoneBook
W053 Virtual American BiographiesVariousWeb Site
USNR-1821 US Naval Register for 1821AuthorityWeb Site
W064 USS Abbot - DD629 Web Site
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by regis on Monday 3rd of April 2017 18:39

see the sailing navy de Silverstone

régis


Posted by Vol Williams on Monday 3rd of April 2017 03:06

Any idea what the armament was for Congress in 1812?

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