Constellation

2401
Nominal Guns38DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorUnited States Navy
Ordered17.3.1794DANFS
Keel Laid Down1796ref:740
Launched27.3.1797DANFS
First Commissioned6.1798ref:740
How acquiredPurpose builtDANFS
ShipyardBaltimore - Maryland DANFS
Ship ClassConstellation ClassDANFS
Designed by Joshua Humphreys (1751-1838)DANFS
Constructor David Stodder (1748-1806)DANFS
CategoryFifth RateDANFS
Ship TypeFrigate DANFS
Sailing RigShip RiggedDANFS
Broken Up1853DANFS

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Length of Gundeck164' 0"Imperial Feet49.9872 
Breadth41' 0"Imperial Feet12.4968 
Depth in Hold13' 6"Imperial Feet4.0132 
Burthen1,278Tons BM 

Armament


1797Broadside Weight = 396 Imperial Pound ( 179.586 kg)B043
Gun Deck28 American 24 Pounder
Spardeck10 American 12-Pounder

5.1799Broadside Weight = 372 Imperial Pound ( 168.702 kg)B043
Gun Deck28 American 18 Pounder
Spardeck10 American 24-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1797340EstablishmentDANFS

6 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1798 - 1799Captain Thomas Truxtun (1755-1822)DANFS1799Captain Samuel Barron (d.1810)DANFS1799 - 1805Captain Thomas Truxtun (1755-1822)DANFS1813Captain Charles Stewart (d.1869)DANFS1832 - 3.12.1832Captain George C. Reedref:8241.1834 - 1834Captain George Campbell Read (d.1862)USNR-1834

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
12.11.1819 - 20.4.1820Commodore Charles Morris (1784-1856)DANFS

11 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
25.3.1798 - 1800Lieutenant Andrew Sterret (1778-1807)E-WIKI8.11.1798 - Lieutenant John Archerref:12031799First Lieutenant John Rodgers (d.1838)DANFS1799Midshipman David Porter (1780-1843)B0431799Midshipman Thomas Macdonough (d.1825)DANFS1799 - 2.1800Midshipman Samuel Angus (1784-1840)DANFS1834Midshipman Augustus S Baldwin (d.1876)LOUSNMC1.1834 - 1834Lieutenant Andrew K LongUSNR-18341.1834 - 1834Lieutenant John RuddUSNR-18341.1834 - 1834Lieutenant David R StewartUSNR-18341.1834 - 1834Lieutenant Neil M HowisonUSNR-1834

3 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
9.3.1798Surgeon George Balfourref:120312.11.1798 - 14.1.1799Boatswain John Allenref:12031.6.1801 - 30.11.1801Boatswain Joseph Allenref:1203

4 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1799 - 2.2.1800Midshipman James C Jarvis (d.1800)1799Master's Mate William Andersonref:12031821Surgeon's Mate David N MahonUSNR-18211821Surgeon's Mate William D BabbitUSNR-1821

3 Marines


DatesRankNameSource
16.3.1801 - 1801Marine Private Israel Fithian (1781-?)ref:114414.1.1802 - 12.3.1802Marine Private Benjamin Carrington (c.1763-?)ref:114414.1.1802 - 2.5.1802Marine Corporal William Bryant (c.1779-?)ref:1144

Service History


DateEventSource
12.1798Departed for the Caribbean
9.2.1799Constellation vs Insurgente
9.2.1799Took the Frigate L'Insurgente (32) TNC
12.2.1799

Arrived at Basseterre with her prize l'Insurgent.

TNC
12.1799Sailed to patrol the West Indies
12.1799Took the Privateer Le Diligent
12.1799Took the Privateer L'Union
1.2.1800Constellation vs Vengeance
5.1800Recaptured three American Merchantmen from the French
21.6.1800Arrived at St. ChristopherB043
7.1800Ordered to San Domingo to relieve the Constitutie (24)
10.4.1801Anchored in Delaware Bay and laid over on her beams, which required extensive repair
5.1802Blockade of Tripoli habour
1812Underwent partial rebuild, 14" added to her Beam
1.1813Blockaded in Hampton Roads, Virginia by British blockade Squadron
20.5.1815Left New York for the Mediterranean
17.6.1815Shared in capture of Algerian Frigate Mashuda (46)
12.1817Returned to Hampton Roads
12.11.1819Became flagship on the Brazil Station
1827Acted as flagship for the West Indies Squadron
8.1829Cruised for the Mediterranean
11.1831Returned to the USA
4.1832Returned to the Mediterranean
11.1834Returned home after an outbreak of cholera
10.1835Took part in crushing the Seminole uprising in the Gulf of Mexico


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
1802-1803American Mediterranean Squadron 1802-1803 Richard V Morris 
1804-1805American Mediterranean Squadron 1804-1805 Samuel Barron (d.1810) 
1805-1806American Mediterranean Squadron 1805-1806 John Rodgers (d.1838) 

Notes on Ship


Casualties from the VengeanceB043
The Constellation lost fourteen killed and twenty-five wounded, of whom eleven died of their wounds

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Monday 14th of April 2014 17:42

Providence Gazette July 3, 1813
BATTLE OF THE GUN-BOATS IN HAMPTON ROADS.
Letter from Camp near Armated, Norfolk, June 21
I take up my pen to inform you of an action that took place in Hampton Roads yesterday morning, between our gun-boats at this place and a British frigate. On Saturday tow frigates and a 74 came into the Roads, one frigate within 8 or 10 miles of this place and the other frigate within 3 miles of her, and the 74 about the same distance below the last and there anchored. On Saturday night, 14 gun-boats left this place manned by the Constellation's crew, for the purpose of driving them from their moorings; the wind was calm, and everything in favour of our flotilla; they arrived within gun shot of the highest frigate and commenced action at reveille, at about 3 1/2 hours when the wind springing up, obliged our boats to retire, as the frigate and 74 below had come up to her assistance, after completely silencing her, and having torn her almost to pieces, as it appears by the report of those that saw the action from Sewal Point. After the action the men on board the frigate were seen on every part of the ship, taking in sails and bending new ones and on the sides plugging up shot holes having received many shot holes below the water. There are now in the Roads 8 ships of the line, and from 10 to 12 frigates. There is 30 sail in the Bay and Roads. The killed and wounded on board the gun-boats were one filled and three wounded.

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