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President

2420
Nominal Guns44DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorUnited States Navy
Ordered27.3.1794B90
Launched10.4.1800B90
First Commissioned7.1800ref:740
How acquiredPurpose builtB90
ShipyardNew York Naval Shipyard - New York DANFS
Ship ClassUnited States Class (1796)DANFS
Designed by
Joshua HumphreysAmerican
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1751
B90
Constructor
Christian BerghAmerican
Ship Builder
Service 1763
DANFS
CategoryFifth RateDANFS
Ship TypeFrigateDANFS
Sailing RigShip RiggedDANFS
Captured15.1.1815DANFS
Becomes

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Length of Gundeck175' 0"Imperial Feet53.34 
Length of Keel157' 10"Imperial Feet47.8536 
Breadth44' 4"Imperial Feet13.4366 
Depth in Hold13' 11"Imperial Feet3.9709 
Burthen1,576Tons BM 

Armament


1800Broadside Weight = 855 Imperial Pound ( 387.7425 kg)DANFS
Upper Gun Deck32 American 24 Pounder
Spardeck22 American 42-Pounder Carronade
Spardeck1 American 18 Pounder

15.1.1815Broadside Weight = 816 Imperial Pound ( 370.056 kg)B044
Upper Gun Deck32 American 24 Pounder
Spardeck20 American 42-Pounder Carronade
Spardeck1 American 24-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1812450 B044

6 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
1800 - 1802Captain
Thomas TruxtunAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1748-1848
DANFS
1802 - 1806Captain
James BarronAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1802
12.1808 - 1811Captain
William BainbridgeAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1827
DANFS
1811 - 1813Captain
John RodgersAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1837
24.12.1811 - 1813Master Commandant
Charles LudlowAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1768-1868
1814 - 15.1.1815Captain
Stephen DecaturAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1820
DANFS

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1801 - 1802Commodore
Richard DaleAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1798
DANFS

4 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1801Surgeon's Mate
Sterling ArcherAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1800-1801
ref:1203
1802 - 20.11.1802Master
William KnightAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1802-1803
ref:1147
1802 - 20.11.1802Acting Gunner
John H SwoopeAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1802
ref:1147
1802 - 20.11.1802Acting Carpenter
James FryAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1802
ref:1147

6 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
10.1810 - 11.1813Midshipman
Matthew Calbraith PerryAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1809-1858
17.12.1810 - 23.8.1812Midshipman
John H BirdAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1812
1812 - 1814Midshipman
Edward Rutledge ShubrickAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1809-1844
W065
15.6.1812 - 1812Midshipman
Joel AbbotAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1855
W064
23.8.1812 - 1812Midshipman
John TaylorAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1789-1812
15.1.1815 - 1815Midshipman
Irvine ShubrickAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1797-1849

7 Marines


DatesRankNameSource
6.1800 - 7.5.1802Marine Private
John FranciscoAmerican
Marine
Service 1800-1808
ref:1144
24.6.1800 - 23.3.1801Marine Corporal
William DaileyAmerican
Marine
Service 1800-1803
ref:1144
24.3.1801 - 3.6.1801Marine Private
William DaileyAmerican
Marine
Service 1800-1803
ref:1144
1.6.1801 - 7.5.1802Marine Private
William ChristieAmerican
Marine
Service 1799-1802
ref:1144
4.6.1801 - 15.4.1802Marine Private
William DaileyAmerican
Marine
Service 1800-1803
ref:1144
16.4.1802 - 7.5.1802Marine Private
William DaileyAmerican
Marine
Service 1800-1803
ref:1144
23.8.1812 - 1812Marine Lieutenant
John HeathAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1881

Service History


DateEventSource
5.8.1800Maiden cruise
1801Flagship of the Mediterranean squadron until 1802
1804Service in the Mediterranean until 1805, including action against Tripoli
1809Cruises off the eastern coast of the United States
12.5.1811Met and fired on the British sloop
Little Belt (20) 1807-1811
British 20 Gun
6th Rate Post Ship
(20) off Cape Henry. Little Belt suffered damage and casualties but returned to port

16.5.1811President vs Little Belt
21.6.1812Left New York in company with the
United States (44) 1797-1862
American 44 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
,
Congress (38) 1799-1834
American 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
,
Hornet (16) 1805-1829
American 16 Gun
Unrated Sloop
and
Argus (16) 1803-1813
American 16 Gun
Unrated Sloop

23.6.1812Belvidera vs President
10.10.1812Chased the
Nymphe (38) 1812-1875
British 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
1871 Renamed "Handy"

21.10.1812Contacted
Galatea (36) 1810-1836
British 36 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
convoying two vessels,
Congress (38) 1799-1834
American 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
took one, the Argo

31.12.1812Returned to Boston
30.4.1813Cruise off the Cape Verde Islands and the Brazilian coast with
Congress (38) 1799-1834
American 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate

2.5.1813Unsuccessful chase of the British sloop
Curlew (16) 1812-1822
British 16 Gun
Unrated Sloop
(18)

8.5.1813Parted company with
Congress (38) 1799-1834
American 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate

19.7.1813Chased by two British sail for four days. These were the
Alexandria (32) 1806-1818
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
and
Spitfire (8) 1782-1825
British 8 Gun
Unrated Fireship

24.9.1813Took the Schooner
Highflyer (8) 1813-1813
British 8 Gun
Unrated Schooner

27.9.1813Put into Newport, Rhode Island
4.12.1813Sailed for a cruise to the West Indies
25.12.1813Escaped from two French Frigates
La Nymphe (44) 1810-1873
French 44 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
(40) and Meduse (40)

18.2.1814Returned to New York and was then blockaded by the British
14.1.1815Sailed from New York, ran onto a sandbar after midnight on the 15th and got off later in a damaged state
15.1.1815Capture of the President
15.1.1815Taken by
Endymion (44) 1797-1868
British 44 Gun
5th Rate Frigate

15.1.1815Taken by
Pomone (38) 1810-1816
British 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
1811 Renamed "Pomone"

15.1.1815Taken by
Tenedos (38) 1812-1875
British 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate

15.1.1815Taken by
Majestic (74) 1785-1816
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line



Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
1801-1802American Mediterranean Squadron 1801-1802
Richard DaleAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1798
 
1804-1805American Mediterranean Squadron 1804-1805
Samuel BarronAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1749-1810
 
1805-1806American Mediterranean Squadron 1805-1806
John RodgersAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1837
 

Notes on Ship


Explosion
During the chase of the Belvidera the main deck bow chaser exploded, killing and wounding 16 men, amongst the wounded was Commodore John Rodgers.

 

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