United States

2427
Nominal Guns44DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorUnited States Navy
Ordered27.3.1794ref:740
Keel Laid Down1796ref:740
Launched10.5.1797DANFS
First Commissioned11.7.1797ref:740
How acquiredPurpose builtDANFS
ShipyardPhiladelphia - Pennsylvania DANFS
Ship ClassUnited States ClassDANFS
Designed byJoshua Humphreys (1751-1838)DANFS
ConstructorWilliam Doughty (1773-1859)DANFS
CategoryFifth RateDANFS
Ship TypeFrigate DANFS
Sailing RigShip RiggedDANFS
Broken Up1862DANFS

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Length of Gundeck175' 0"US Feet53.34 
Breadth43' 6"US Feet13.1572 
Depth in Hold23' 6"US Feet7.0612 
Burthen1,576Tons BM 

Armament


1797Broadside Weight = 888 Imperial Pound ( 402.708 kg)DANFS
Upper Gun Deck32 American 24 Pounder
Quarterdeck16 American 42-Pounder Carronade
Forecastle8 American 42-Pounder Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1797364 DANFS

5 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
11.7.1797 - 6.6.1801CaptainJohn Barry (1745-1803)DANFS6.1810 - 4.1814CaptainStephen Decatur (1779-1820)DANFS1815 - 19.6.1819CaptainJohn ShawDANFS1832 - 3.12.1832CaptainJohn B Nicolson (d.1846)ref:8241841 - 1843CaptainJames Armstrong (1794-1868)B170

3 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
5.1799 - 1799First LieutenantCharles Stewart (d.1869)B0435.1799 - 1799LieutenantStephen Decatur (1779-1820)DANFS3.1813 - 23.7.1813First LieutenantLewis Warrington (1782-1851)W053

4 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1802 - 20.11.1802Acting CarpenterMatthew Welchref:11471802 - 20.11.1802Acting BoatswainWilliam Hunterref:11471802 - 20.11.1802Acting GunnerThomas Decordyref:11471802 - 20.11.1802Acting MasterRalph Izardref:1147

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
28.6.1798 - 13.6.1801MidshipmanJohn Andrewsref:120310.4.1799 - 21.2.1801MidshipmanJacob Jones (1768-1850)DANFS1.5.1836 - 22.11.1838MidshipmanGeorge Henry Preble (1600-1885)B171

3 Marines


DatesRankNameSource
6.7.1799 - 15.12.1800Marine PrivateJohn Davis (c.1772-?)ref:11441.4.1800 - 15.12.1800Marine PrivateMark Daniels (c.1776-?)ref:11449.7.1800 - 31.7.1801Marine PrivateJames Aarons (c.1771-?)ref:1144

Service History


DateEventSource
22.2.1797John Barry (1745-1803) was apparently given a commission including an order to command the United States (unconfrimed)
13.7.1798Left for Maiden Voyage to Boston in company with Delaware (20)
26.7.1798Left Boston for the CaribbeanDANFS
21.8.1798Arrived at Bridgetown but left again after three hoursDANFS
22.8.1798Took the Privateer Sans Pareil (10) off Guadalope
4.9.1798Took the Privateer Jalouse (8)
18.9.1798Entered the DelawareDANFS
17.10.1798Left for a cruise off the New England coastDANFS
30.10.1798Returned to the Delaware after a tempest had forced her southDANFS
30.10.1798Departed for the West Indies, where John Barry was to command as Commodore
3.2.1799Sank the French Privateer L'Amour de la Patrie (6) (6), taking fifty-eight prisoners
22.2.1799Exchanged his prisoners for Americans with the French at GuadaloupeDANFS
26.2.1799Chased the French privateer Democrat and her prize - retook the prize, but Democrat escaped
19.4.1799Left the Caribbean as convoy for thirty merchantmenDANFS
9.5.1799Arrived at PhiladelphiaB043
10.5.1799Arrived at New Castle, DelawareDANFS
6.7.1799Left New Castle for Hampton RoadsDANFS
22.7.1799Arrived at Hampton RoadsDANFS
13.8.1799Left Hampton Roads in company with Insurgent (36)
12.9.1799Anchored off Newport, Rhode IslandDANFS
3.11.1799Left for France with American Commissioners on boardDANFS
4.1800Returned to New YorkDANFS
3.4.1800Returned to PhiladelphiaB043
28.4.1801Arrived Chester, Pennsylvania after a short cruise in the CaribbeanDANFS
17.5.1801Moved to the fledgling Washington Navy yardDANFS
6.6.1801Laid up in ordinaryDANFS
1809RecommissionedDANFS
10.6.1810Sailed to Norfolk, Virginia for refittingDANFS
6.1812Put to sea as part of Commodore John Rodgers' squadron
8.1812Returned to BostonDANFS
12.10.1812Left Boston as part of Commodore John Rodgers' squadron
15.10.1812Parted company and cruised independentlyDANFS
25.10.1812Fought and took Macedonian (38) (38) near Medeira
25.10.1812United States vs Macedonian
25.10.1812Took the Frigate Macedonian (38) in the Atlantic
4.12.1812Arrived in New York with her PrizeDANFS
24.5.1813Left New York in company with Macedonia (36) and Hornet (16)
1.6.1813Driven into New London, Connecticut by a powerful British squadron with Macedonian and HornetDANFS
3.9.1815Left Boston for the Mediterranean where she stayed for four yearsDANFS
9.6.1819Arrived in Hampton RoadsDANFS
19.6.1819Decommissioned and laid up at NorfolkDANFS
1824Recommisioned as part of the Pacific SquadronDANFS
1828Started extensive repairs at the Philadephia Naval YardDANFS
1830Placed in ordinary at the New York navy yardDANFS
3.12.1832

In the Mediterranean

ref:824
1833Became part of the Meditteranean squadron until 1838DANFS
1839Deployment with the Home Squadron until 1840DANFS
1841Underwent repairs at NorfolkDANFS
9.1.1842Left Hampton Roads to become the Flagship of the Pacific SquadronDANFS
17.8.1843In HonoluluDANFS
14.10.1844Placed in ordinary at BostonDANFS
18.8.1846Recommissioned into the African SquadronDANFS
24.2.1849Decommissioned and placed in ordinary at NorfolkDANFS
20.4.1861Captured by Confederate troopsDANFS
29.4.1861Commissioned as CSS United States (also known as Confederate States)DANFS
15.6.1861Ordered turned into a receiving ship and armed with 19 deck guns as harbour defence
5.1862Sunk as blockshipDANFS
5.1862Raised by Union troops and towed back into the yardDANFS
18.12.1865Ordered to be docked at Norfolk, VA and broken up


Notes on Ship


Letter from the Naval Department secretary, May 20th 1799B043
You are allowed, besides officers of Marines and 44 privates which will be supplied you by the Major of the Marine Corps, and your commissioned and petty officers, the latter of which you will appoint, not exceeding 300 men and boys exclusive of marines. Of this number you will recruit not exceeding 175 able seamen. It is our best policy to create seamen; therefore you will take as large a proportion of boys as can be found useful on board. If you increase the number of ordinary seamen and boys you will consequently lessen the number of able seamen, and I think it will be found for the good of the service if you do so. You will allow able seamen 17 dollars per month, ordinary seaman and boys from 5 to 14 dollars, according to merit, all to be entered to serve one year, to commence from the ship's first weighing anchor on a cruise. You will be careful not to enlist any but sound and healthy persons, and that no indirect or forcible means be used to induce them to enter into the service. No negroes or mulattoes are to be admitted, and as far as you can judge you will exclude all of a suspicious character

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
DANFSDictionary of American Naval Fighting ShipsUnknownWeb Site
ref:740The Sailing Navy, 1775-1854Paul H. SilverstoneBook
ref:824British and Foreign State Papers 1832-1833British Foreign OfficeDigital Book
B170Official Register of Officers of the United StatesAuthorityBook
B043Our Naval War with FranceGardner W AllenBook
W053Virtual American BiographiesVariousWeb Site
ref:1147Naval documents related to the United States wars with the Barbary powers (6 vols) Book
ref:1203Naval documents related to the quasi-war between the United States and France Vol. 7Dudley W KnoxBook
B171A genealogical Sketch of the First Three Generations of Prebles in AmericaGeorge Henry PrebleBook
ref:1144Records of officers and men of New Jersey in wars 1791-1815 Book
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian on Friday 11th of December 2015 23:25

From the Providence Gazette Feb. 16, 1799 page 2 - We have received by Capt. Usher of the Schooner Commerce, of Bristol, from St. Vincents, the following account: THat Capt. Barry, in the frigate United States, on or about the 11th of February attacked a French privateer brig. of 14 guns; and after three broadsides, sank her. By the exertions of the crew of the frigate, about sixty of the commissioned ?/Sans? pirates were saved. The frigate afterwards went into Barbados, to take charge of a convoy.

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