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Virginia

2428
Nominal Guns28W027
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorContinental Navy
Ordered13.12.1775W027
Launched12.8.1776W027
First Commissioned19.9.1776W027
How acquiredPurpose builtW027
ShipyardFell's Point - Baltimore W027
Designed by
Joshua HumphreysAmerican
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1751
ref:740
Constructor
George WellsAmerican
Ship Builder
W027
CategorySixth RateW027
National RateFrigateW027
Ship TypeFrigateW027
Sailing RigShip RiggedW027
Captured1.4.1778W027
Becomes

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Length of Gundeck132' 9"Imperial Feet40.2407 
Breadth34' 6"Imperial Feet10.4013 
Depth in Hold10' 6"Imperial Feet3.2004 
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 
Burthen697Imperial Feet0.0254 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Gundeck126' 3 ½"Imperial Feet38.4175 
Length of Keel105' 7 ¼"Imperial Feet32.0104 
Breadth34' 10"Imperial Feet10.3632 
Depth in Hold10' 5 ½"Imperial Feet3.0607 
Burthen681 5394Tons BM 

Armament


1777Broadside Weight = 162 Imperial Pound ( 73.467 kg)DANFS
Upper Gun Deck24 American 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 American 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 American 6-Pounder

3.1778Broadside Weight = 180 Imperial Pound ( 81.63 kg)ref:76
Gun Deck12 American Swivel
Upper Gun Deck26 American 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 American 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 American 6-Pounder

31.3.1778Broadside Weight = 159 Imperial Pound ( 72.1065 kg)W027
Upper Gun Deck24 American 12-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck6 American Swivel
Quarterdeck/Forecastle6 American 4-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
3.1778300 DANFS
25.3.1778188 W027
31.3.1778169 W027

1 Ship Commander


DatesRankNameSource
19.9.1776 - 1.4.1778Captain
James NicholsonAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1846
W027

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
25.7.1776 - 10.1777First Lieutenant
Aquilla JonesAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027
12.10.1776 - 11.1777Second Lieutenant
John SleymakerAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027
11.1777 - 1.1778First Lieutenant
John SleymakerAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027
6.11.1777 - 1.1778Second Lieutenant
Joshua BarneyAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1818
W027
12.1777 - 30.3.1778Lieutenant
John FanningAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1845
W027
1.1778 - 31.3.1778First Lieutenant
Joshua BarneyAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1818
W027

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRankNameSource
9.1776 - 31.3.1778Surgeon
Thomas BuddAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027

7 Marines


DatesRankNameSource
25.6.1776 - 11.1776Marine Second Lieutenant
Richard HarrisonAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027
25.6.1776 - 12.1777Marine Second Lieutenant
Thomas PlunkettAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027
25.6.1776 - 31.3.1778Marine First Lieutenant
Thomas PownalAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027
25.6.1776 - 24.11.1776Marine Captain
John StewartAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027
24.11.1776 - 12.1777Marine Captain
James DisneyAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027
12.1777 - 31.3.1778Marine Captain
Thomas PlunkettAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027
1.1778 - 31.3.1778Marine Second Lieutenant
William BarneyAmerican
Naval Sailor
W027

Service History


DateEventSource
6.2.1777Escort for large fleet of Merchantmen
15.2.1777The convoy seperated
16.2.1777Sailed North in search of the British frigate
Milford (28) 1759-1785
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate

20.2.1777Sprung her foremast and then lost her Mainmast
11.3.1777Arrived in CharlestonNBD1849
16.8.1777Left Charleston and entered Rebellion RoadNBD1849
1.9.1777Put to seaNBD1849
1.9.1777Took four prizes after a night long chase True Briton - 20 gun ship laden with rum and three of her convoy/prizes: Severn a ship carrying sugar run ginger and logwood, Charming Peggy - French Privateer Brig and Assumption' - brig carrying saltBWAS-1603
6.9.1777Arrived in Charleston with her prizesNBD1849
1.1778Desertions had so reduced the crew the Virginia was unable to leave dockDANFS
12.2.1778Left Charleston as Flagship of a flottila consisting of the ship General Moultrie (18) and the Brigs
Notre Dame 1776-1776
American Unrated Brigantine
(16), Fair American (14) and   (16)

7.3.1778Flotilla in action against
Yarmouth (64) 1745-1811
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
during which the the Randolph exploded

31.3.1778Grounded on the Middle Ground attempting to leave Chesapeake Bay, lost her rudder, anchored in the channel to make repairsDANFS
1.4.1778Taken without a fight by the British ships
Emerald (28) 1757-1761
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
and
Conqueror (74) 1773-1794
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line

1.4.1778Taken by
Emerald (32) 1762-1793
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
BWAS-1714


Notes on Ship


Survivorsref:76
On the 12th March 1778, the Yarmouth picked up four survivors of the Randolph clinging to some wreckage.

 

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Saturday 1st of October 2022 06:11Amit Biswas
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