Caledonia -> 1856 Dreadnought

Nominal Guns120BWAS-1793
NationalityUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
OperatorRoyal Navy
Keel Laid Down1.1805BWAS-1793
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1793
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
Ship ClassCaledonia ClassBWAS-1793
Designed by William Rule (d.1816)BWAS-1793
Constructor Joseph Tucker (c.1760-1831)BWAS-1793
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1793
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1793
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1793
Broken Up20.3.1875BWAS-1793


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck205' 0"Imperial Feet62.484 
Length of Keel170' 9 ⅛"Imperial Feet51.8192 
Breadth (oa)54' 7"Imperial Feet16.5037 
Breadth53' 8"Imperial Feet16.2221 
Depth in Hold23' 2"Imperial Feet7.0273 
Draught Forward15' 10"Imperial Feet4.572 
Draught Aft18' 2"Imperial Feet5.4928 
Burthen2,616 594Tons BM 


1796Broadside Weight = 1346 Imperial Pound ( 610.411 kg)ref:1139
Lower Gun Deck32 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck34 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck34 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck16 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder

1808Broadside Weight = 1538 Imperial Pound ( 697.483 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck32 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck34 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck34 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck6 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 24-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource

17 Ship Commanders

8.1808 - 10.1810Captain William BedfordBWAS-17933.12.1810 - 9.7.1811Captain Francis William Austen (1774-1865)BWAS-179319.12.1810 - 12.5.1811Captain Francis William Austen (1774-1865) Discharged ADM 196/3/2BWAS-17935.1811Captain Peter HeywoodBWAS-17931.1813 - 4.1814Captain Jeremiah Coghlan (1775-1844)BWAS-17934.1814 - 6.1814Captain Edwards Lloyd GrahamBWAS-17936.1814 - 9.1814Captain Edward Reynolds SiblyBWAS-17935.1815 - 7.1815Captain James Brisbane (1774-1826)BWAS-17935.1830 - 1831Captain Richard Curry (1772-?)NBD18491831Captain Edward Curzon (1789-1862)NBD184918.5.1833 - 10.1835CaptainSir Thomas Brown (d.1851)NBD184930.10.1835 - 1837Captain George Bohun Martin (d.1854)W03321.10.1840 - 21.4.1842Captain Henry Eden (1798-1888)BWAS-179327.10.1840 - 21.4.1842Captain Henry Eden (1798-1888)W03321.4.1842 - 4.1845Captain Alexander Milne (1806-1896)W03322.5.1845 - 1.1848Captain Manley Hall Dixon (1786-1864)W02528.1.1848 - 1851Captain Thomas Wren Carter (1798-1874)W033

9 Flag Officers

2.1809 - 4.1809Admiral of the Blue James Gambier (1756-1833)BWAS-17936.1809 - 12.1809Commodore Harry Burrard NealeBWAS-17931810Rear-Admiral Francis Pickmore (d.1818)BWAS-17936.1811 - 7.1811AdmiralSir Edward Pellew (1757-1833)BWAS-17937.1811 - 1.1813Rear-Admiral Harry Burrard NealeBWAS-17931.1813 - 4.6.1814Rear-Admiral of the White Israel PellewBWAS-17934.6.1814 - 9.1814Rear-Admiral of the Red Israel PellewBWAS-179321.4.1842 - 1844AdmiralSir David Milne (1763-1845)W0331844 - 5.1844Rear-Admiral William Bowles (1780-1869)NBD1849

24 Commissioned Officers

8.8.1808 - 14.5.1811Lieutenant William Kelly (1782-?)NBD18498.8.1808 - 5.1811Flag Lieutenant Henry BoyesNBD18495.10.1809 - 2.1.1810Lieutenant Edward BiddulphNBD18495.12.1809 - 4.1811Lieutenant James Balfour Robertson (d.1850)ADM 95.1811 - 1815Lieutenant James AndersonNBD18498.5.1811 - 5.8.1813Lieutenant Richard Booth BowdenNBD184918.9.1812 - 22.10.1812Lieutenant Henry Boteler (1793-?)NBD18491814 - 5.4.1814Acting Lieutenant George CampbellNBD18494.5.1814 - 10.6.1815Lieutenant George CampbellNBD18491.5.1830 - 1830Lieutenant Jeffery Reid Amherst (d.1880)NBD18499.6.1831 - 6.6.1834Lieutenant Henry John Codrington (1808-1877)W03329.11.1831 - 1833Lieutenant George Butler (1791-?)NBD184924.6.1833 - 1833Lieutenant Henry Bagot (1810-?)NBD184916.1.1834 - 5.3.1834Supernumerary Horatio Beauman Young (1806-?)NBD184923.1.1834 - 10.1.1837Commander James BrasierNBD18495.3.1834 - 30.8.1837Flag Lieutenant Horatio Beauman Young (1806-?)NBD184922.8.1836 - 16.8.1837Lieutenant Seymour Yorke Brown (d.1846)NBD18496.5.1837 - 8.1837Lieutenant Charles George Edward Patey (1813-1881)W02521.10.1842 - 14.2.1843Lieutenant Colin Campbell KaneNBD184931.1.1843 - 13.3.1845Lieutenant Walter Kendall (d.1847)NBD184911.12.1844 - 11.1.1845Lieutenant Charles Douglas O'Brien (d.1846)NBD184911.12.1844 - 4.3.1845Lieutenant Robert William Henry AlcockNL18651845 - 1846First Lieutenant George Stanway BourneNBD184910.6.1845 - 1845Lieutenant Joseph Hughes BellamyNBD1849

12 Petty Officers

1809 - 5.10.1809Midshipman Edward BiddulphNBD18496.1809 - 4.1811Master's Mate John Henry BellairsNBD184911.1809 - 1.5.1811Midshipman Charles George ButlerNBD18492.1810 - 1.5.1810Midshipman William BranderNBD18492.1812 - 5.2.1813Master's Mate Francis BraceNBD18493.9.1812 - 4.1.1814Midshipman Francis BickerstaffNBD18491813 - 3.1814Midshipman Charlton Booth Bayly (d.1852)NBD18491.1.1813 - 1814Master's Mate George CampbellNBD18498.1813 - 9.1814Master's Mate Grosvenor BunsterNBD18499.1813 - 12.1813Master's MateSir John BannatyneNBD18492.1814 - 1814Midshipman Cheesman Henry BinsteadNBD18496.1815 - 1816Midshipman Charles BrandNBD1849

1 Crewman

1808 - 11.18091st Class Volunteer Charles George ButlerNBD1849

Service History

23.9.1808Completed at a cost of £96,381 to build plus £6,711 for fittingBWAS-1793
4.1809At the Basque RoadsBWAS-1793
20.2.1810Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
27.9.1810Action of 1810-09-27
14.6.1811Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
9.1814Paid offBWAS-1793
4.1815Started fitting for sea at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1815Completed fitting at a cost of £24,205BWAS-1793
7.1815Paid off and laid up in ordinary until 1830BWAS-1793
5.1826Started a repair and refitting as a guard shipBWAS-1793
5.1831Completed reapir at a cost of £113,839 and refitting as a guardship at a cost of £9,511BWAS-1793
2.1838Started fitting as a demonstration ship at PlymouthBWAS-1793
6.1838Completed fitting as a demonstration ship at a cost of £8,909BWAS-1793
11.1840Fitted as a flagship at a cost of £6,129 at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1855Started fitting as a hospital ship at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1855Completed fitting as a hospital shipBWAS-1793
21.6.1856Renamed DreadnoughtBWAS-1817
7.1856Refitted as a Unrated Hospital Ship BWAS-1817
14.7.1870Returned to Admiralty controlBWAS-1793
6.5.1871Lent to the Metropolitan AsylumsBWAS-1793

Ordered to be broken up

20.3.1875Break up completed at ChathamBWAS-1793

Notes on Ship


Originally ordered as a 100-gun ship. Reordered 15.12.1795 as 120 guns. New plan completed 11.6.1796 (NMM object id. ZAZ0105).


Previous comments on this page

Posted by colin walker on Friday 13th of July 2018 02:54

Do you have info on other ranks aboard?

Posted by Ian Chard on Friday 4th of May 2018 21:09

The tombstone of William Shelton Covell esq, identifies him as having been born in 1791 and having served as a midshipman on Lord Gambier's flagship HMS Caledonia.
WS Covell died on 12 Aug 1847 and was buried at St Mary's, Fishponds in Stapleton, Gloucestershire. The 1841 census records him as a patient of the 'Licensed Madhouse, Fishponds asylum, parish of Stapleton'.

Posted by Richard McKinnon on Wednesday 1st of November 2017 05:45

Lieutenant James Balfour Robertson served on the HMS Caledonia under Admiral Pickmore and Captain Bedford from 5th Dec 1809 to April 1811
Source:National Archives Memorandum of the Service Record of Lieutenant James Balfour Robertson

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