Caledonia -> 1856 Dreadnought

Nominal Guns120BWAS-1793
NationalityUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
OperatorRoyal Navy
Keel Laid Down1.1805BWAS-1793
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1793
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
Ship ClassCaledonia ClassBWAS-1793
Designed byWilliam Rule (d.1816)BWAS-1793
ConstructorJoseph Tucker (c.1760-1831)BWAS-1793
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1793
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1793
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1793
Broken Up20.3.1875BWAS-1793


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck205' 0"Imperial Feet62.484 
Length of Keel170' 9 ⅛"Imperial Feet51.8192 
Breadth53' 8"Imperial Feet16.2221 
Breadth (oa)54' 7"Imperial Feet16.5037 
Depth in Hold23' 2"Imperial Feet7.0273 
Draught Forward15' 10"Imperial Feet4.572 
Draught Aft18' 2"Imperial Feet5.4928 
Burthen2,616 594Tons BM 


1796Broadside Weight = 1346 Imperial Pound ( 610.411 kg)ref:1139
Lower Gun Deck32 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck34 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck34 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck16 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder

1808Broadside Weight = 1538 Imperial Pound ( 697.483 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck32 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck34 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck34 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck6 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 24-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource

17 Commanding Officers

8.1808 - 10.1810CaptainWilliam BedfordBWAS-179310.1810 - 5.1811CaptainFrancis William Austen (1774-1865)BWAS-17933.12.1810 - 9.7.1811CaptainFrancis William Austen (1774-1865)BWAS-17935.1811CaptainPeter HeywoodBWAS-17931.1813 - 4.1814CaptainJeremiah Coghlan (1775-1844)BWAS-17934.1814 - 6.1814CaptainEdwards Lloyd GrahamBWAS-17936.1814 - 9.1814CaptainEdward Reynolds SiblyBWAS-17935.1815 - 7.1815CaptainJames Brisbane (1774-1826)BWAS-17935.1830 - 1831CaptainRichard Curry (1772-?)NBD18491831Captain Edward Curzon (1789-1862)NBD184918.5.1833 - 10.1835CaptainSir Thomas Brown (d.1851)NBD184930.10.1835 - 1837CaptainGeorge Bohun Martin (d.1854)W03321.10.1840 - 21.4.1842CaptainHenry Eden (1798-1888)BWAS-179327.10.1840 - 21.4.1842CaptainHenry Eden (1798-1888)W03321.4.1842 - 4.1845CaptainAlexander Milne (1806-1896)W03322.5.1845 - 1.1848CaptainManley Hall Dixon (1786-1864)W02528.1.1848 - 1851CaptainThomas Wren Carter (1798-1874)W033

9 Flag Officers

2.1809 - 4.1809Admiral of the BlueJames Gambier (1756-1833)BWAS-17936.1809 - 12.1809CommodoreHarry Burrard NealeBWAS-17931810Rear-AdmiralFrancis Pickmore (d.1818)BWAS-17936.1811 - 7.1811AdmiralSir Edward Pellew (1757-1833)BWAS-17937.1811 - 1.1813Rear-AdmiralHarry Burrard NealeBWAS-17931.1813 - 4.6.1814Rear-Admiral of the WhiteIsrael PellewBWAS-17934.6.1814 - 9.1814Rear-Admiral of the RedIsrael PellewBWAS-179321.4.1842 - 1844AdmiralSir David Milne (1763-1845)W0331844 - 5.1844Rear-Admiral William Bowles (1780-1869)NBD1849

24 Commissioned Officers

8.8.1808 - 14.5.1811LieutenantWilliam Kelly (1782-?)NBD18498.8.1808 - 5.1811Flag LieutenantHenry BoyesNBD18495.10.1809 - 2.1.1810LieutenantEdward BiddulphNBD18495.12.1809 - 4.1811LieutenantJames Balfour Robertson (d.1850)ADM95.1811 - 1815LieutenantJames AndersonNBD18498.5.1811 - 5.8.1813LieutenantRichard Booth BowdenNBD184918.9.1812 - 22.10.1812LieutenantHenry Boteler (1793-?)NBD18491814 - 5.4.1814Acting LieutenantGeorge CampbellNBD18494.5.1814 - 10.6.1815LieutenantGeorge CampbellNBD18491.5.1830 - 1830LieutenantJeffery Reid Amherst (d.1880)NBD18499.6.1831 - 6.6.1834LieutenantHenry John Codrington (1808-1877)W03329.11.1831 - 1833LieutenantGeorge Butler (1791-?)NBD184924.6.1833 - 1833LieutenantHenry Bagot (1810-?)NBD184916.1.1834 - 5.3.1834SupernumeraryHoratio Beauman Young (1806-?)NBD184923.1.1834 - 10.1.1837CommanderJames BrasierNBD18495.3.1834 - 30.8.1837Flag LieutenantHoratio Beauman Young (1806-?)NBD184922.8.1836 - 16.8.1837LieutenantSeymour Yorke Brown (d.1846)NBD18496.5.1837 - 8.1837LieutenantCharles George Edward Patey (1813-1881)W02521.10.1842 - 14.2.1843LieutenantColin Campbell KaneNBD184931.1.1843 - 13.3.1845LieutenantWalter Kendall (d.1847)NBD184911.12.1844 - 11.1.1845LieutenantCharles Douglas O'Brien (d.1846)NBD184911.12.1844 - 4.3.1845LieutenantRobert William Henry AlcockNL18651845 - 1846First LieutenantGeorge Stanway BourneNBD184910.6.1845 - 1845LieutenantJoseph Hughes BellamyNBD1849

12 Petty Officers

1809 - 5.10.1809MidshipmanEdward BiddulphNBD18496.1809 - 4.1811Master's MateJohn Henry BellairsNBD184911.1809 - 1.5.1811MidshipmanCharles George ButlerNBD18492.1810 - 1.5.1810MidshipmanWilliam BranderNBD18492.1812 - 5.2.1813Master's MateFrancis BraceNBD18493.9.1812 - 4.1.1814MidshipmanFrancis BickerstaffNBD18491813 - 3.1814MidshipmanCharlton Booth Bayly (d.1852)NBD18491.1.1813 - 1814Master's MateGeorge CampbellNBD18498.1813 - 9.1814Master's MateGrosvenor BunsterNBD18499.1813 - 12.1813Master's MateSir John BannatyneNBD18492.1814 - 1814MidshipmanCheesman Henry BinsteadNBD18496.1815 - 1816MidshipmanCharles BrandNBD1849

1 Crewman

1808 - 11.18091st Class VolunteerCharles George ButlerNBD1849

Service History

23.9.1808Completed at a cost of £96,381 to build plus £6,711 for fittingBWAS-1793
4.1809At the Basque RoadsBWAS-1793
20.2.1810Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
27.9.1810Action of 1810-09-27
14.6.1811Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
9.1814Paid offBWAS-1793
4.1815Started fitting for sea at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1815Completed fitting at a cost of £24,205BWAS-1793
7.1815Paid off and laid up in ordinary until 1830BWAS-1793
5.1826Started a repair and refitting as a guard shipBWAS-1793
5.1831Completed reapir at a cost of £113,839 and refitting as a guardship at a cost of £9,511BWAS-1793
2.1838Started fitting as a demonstration ship at PlymouthBWAS-1793
6.1838Completed fitting as a demonstration ship at a cost of £8,909BWAS-1793
11.1840Fitted as a flagship at a cost of £6,129 at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1855Started fitting as a hospital ship at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1855Completed fitting as a hospital shipBWAS-1793
21.6.1856Renamed DreadnoughtBWAS-1817
7.1856Refitted as a Unrated Hospital Ship BWAS-1817
14.7.1870Returned to Admiralty controlBWAS-1793
6.5.1871Lent to the Metropolitan AsylumsBWAS-1793

Ordered to be broken up

20.3.1875Break up completed at ChathamBWAS-1793

Notes on Ship


Originally ordered as a 100-gun ship. Reordered 15.12.1795 as 120 guns. New plan completed 11.6.1796 (NMM object id. ZAZ0105).


BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
ref:1139National Maritime Museum Ship Plans Archive
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
W033Vaisseaux de Ligne Francais de 1682 a 1767Ronald DeschenesWeb Site
W025William Loney RN - BackgroundP DavisWeb Site
ADM9ADM 9 Survey Returns of Officers' Services - 1817-1848  Archive
NL1865The Navy List 1865The AdmiraltyDigital Book
BWAS-1817British Warships in the Age of Sail 1817 - 1863Rif WinfieldBook

Previous comments on this page

Posted by colin walker on Friday 13th of July 2018 02:54

Do you have info on other ranks aboard?

Posted by Ian Chard on Friday 4th of May 2018 21:09

The tombstone of William Shelton Covell esq, identifies him as having been born in 1791 and having served as a midshipman on Lord Gambier's flagship HMS Caledonia.
WS Covell died on 12 Aug 1847 and was buried at St Mary's, Fishponds in Stapleton, Gloucestershire. The 1841 census records him as a patient of the 'Licensed Madhouse, Fishponds asylum, parish of Stapleton'.

Posted by Richard McKinnon on Wednesday 1st of November 2017 05:45

Lieutenant James Balfour Robertson served on the HMS Caledonia under Admiral Pickmore and Captain Bedford from 5th Dec 1809 to April 1811
Source:National Archives Memorandum of the Service Record of Lieutenant James Balfour Robertson

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