Caledonia -> 1856 Dreadnought

Nominal Guns120BWAS-1793
NationalityUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
OperatorRoyal Navy
Keel Laid Down1.1805BWAS-1793
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1793
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
Ship ClassCaledonia ClassBWAS-1793
Designed byWilliam Rule (d.1816)BWAS-1793
ConstructorJoseph Tucker (c.1760-1831)BWAS-1793
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1793
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1793
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1793
Broken Up20.3.1875BWAS-1793


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck205' 0"Imperial Feet62.484 
Length of Keel170' 9 ⅛"Imperial Feet51.8192 
Breadth (oa)54' 7"Imperial Feet16.5037 
Breadth53' 8"Imperial Feet16.2221 
Depth in Hold23' 2"Imperial Feet7.0273 
Draught Forward15' 10"Imperial Feet4.572 
Draught Aft18' 2"Imperial Feet5.4928 
Burthen2,616 594Tons BM 


1796Broadside Weight = 1346 Imperial Pound ( 610.411 kg)ref:1139
Lower Gun Deck32 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck34 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck34 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck16 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder

1808Broadside Weight = 1538 Imperial Pound ( 697.483 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck32 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck34 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck34 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck6 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 24-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource

17 Commanding Officers

8.1808 - 10.1810CaptainWilliam BedfordBWAS-17933.12.1810 - 9.7.1811CaptainFrancis William Austen (1774-1865)BWAS-179319.12.1810 - 12.5.1811CaptainFrancis William Austen (1774-1865) ADM 196/3/2BWAS-17935.1811CaptainPeter HeywoodBWAS-17931.1813 - 4.1814CaptainJeremiah Coghlan (1775-1844)BWAS-17934.1814 - 6.1814CaptainEdwards Lloyd GrahamBWAS-17936.1814 - 9.1814CaptainEdward Reynolds SiblyBWAS-17935.1815 - 7.1815CaptainJames Brisbane (1774-1826)BWAS-17935.1830 - 1831CaptainRichard Curry (1772-?)NBD18491831Captain Edward Curzon (1789-1862)NBD184918.5.1833 - 10.1835CaptainSir Thomas Brown (d.1851)NBD184930.10.1835 - 1837CaptainGeorge Bohun Martin (d.1854)W03321.10.1840 - 21.4.1842CaptainHenry Eden (1798-1888)BWAS-179327.10.1840 - 21.4.1842CaptainHenry Eden (1798-1888)W03321.4.1842 - 4.1845CaptainAlexander Milne (1806-1896)W03322.5.1845 - 1.1848CaptainManley Hall Dixon (1786-1864)W02528.1.1848 - 1851CaptainThomas Wren Carter (1798-1874)W033

9 Flag Officers

2.1809 - 4.1809Admiral of the BlueJames Gambier (1756-1833)BWAS-17936.1809 - 12.1809CommodoreHarry Burrard NealeBWAS-17931810Rear-AdmiralFrancis Pickmore (d.1818)BWAS-17936.1811 - 7.1811AdmiralSir Edward Pellew (1757-1833)BWAS-17937.1811 - 1.1813Rear-AdmiralHarry Burrard NealeBWAS-17931.1813 - 4.6.1814Rear-Admiral of the WhiteIsrael PellewBWAS-17934.6.1814 - 9.1814Rear-Admiral of the RedIsrael PellewBWAS-179321.4.1842 - 1844AdmiralSir David Milne (1763-1845)W0331844 - 5.1844Rear-Admiral William Bowles (1780-1869)NBD1849

24 Commissioned Officers

8.8.1808 - 14.5.1811LieutenantWilliam Kelly (1782-?)NBD18498.8.1808 - 5.1811Flag LieutenantHenry BoyesNBD18495.10.1809 - 2.1.1810LieutenantEdward BiddulphNBD18495.12.1809 - 4.1811LieutenantJames Balfour Robertson (d.1850)ADM 95.1811 - 1815LieutenantJames AndersonNBD18498.5.1811 - 5.8.1813LieutenantRichard Booth BowdenNBD184918.9.1812 - 22.10.1812LieutenantHenry Boteler (1793-?)NBD18491814 - 5.4.1814Acting LieutenantGeorge CampbellNBD18494.5.1814 - 10.6.1815LieutenantGeorge CampbellNBD18491.5.1830 - 1830LieutenantJeffery Reid Amherst (d.1880)NBD18499.6.1831 - 6.6.1834LieutenantHenry John Codrington (1808-1877)W03329.11.1831 - 1833LieutenantGeorge Butler (1791-?)NBD184924.6.1833 - 1833LieutenantHenry Bagot (1810-?)NBD184916.1.1834 - 5.3.1834SupernumeraryHoratio Beauman Young (1806-?)NBD184923.1.1834 - 10.1.1837CommanderJames BrasierNBD18495.3.1834 - 30.8.1837Flag LieutenantHoratio Beauman Young (1806-?)NBD184922.8.1836 - 16.8.1837LieutenantSeymour Yorke Brown (d.1846)NBD18496.5.1837 - 8.1837LieutenantCharles George Edward Patey (1813-1881)W02521.10.1842 - 14.2.1843LieutenantColin Campbell KaneNBD184931.1.1843 - 13.3.1845LieutenantWalter Kendall (d.1847)NBD184911.12.1844 - 11.1.1845LieutenantCharles Douglas O'Brien (d.1846)NBD184911.12.1844 - 4.3.1845LieutenantRobert William Henry AlcockNL18651845 - 1846First LieutenantGeorge Stanway BourneNBD184910.6.1845 - 1845LieutenantJoseph Hughes BellamyNBD1849

12 Petty Officers

1809 - 5.10.1809MidshipmanEdward BiddulphNBD18496.1809 - 4.1811Master's MateJohn Henry BellairsNBD184911.1809 - 1.5.1811MidshipmanCharles George ButlerNBD18492.1810 - 1.5.1810MidshipmanWilliam BranderNBD18492.1812 - 5.2.1813Master's MateFrancis BraceNBD18493.9.1812 - 4.1.1814MidshipmanFrancis BickerstaffNBD18491813 - 3.1814MidshipmanCharlton Booth Bayly (d.1852)NBD18491.1.1813 - 1814Master's MateGeorge CampbellNBD18498.1813 - 9.1814Master's MateGrosvenor BunsterNBD18499.1813 - 12.1813Master's MateSir John BannatyneNBD18492.1814 - 1814MidshipmanCheesman Henry BinsteadNBD18496.1815 - 1816MidshipmanCharles BrandNBD1849

1 Crewman

1808 - 11.18091st Class VolunteerCharles George ButlerNBD1849

Service History

23.9.1808Completed at a cost of £96,381 to build plus £6,711 for fittingBWAS-1793
4.1809At the Basque RoadsBWAS-1793
20.2.1810Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
27.9.1810Action of 1810-09-27
14.6.1811Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
9.1814Paid offBWAS-1793
4.1815Started fitting for sea at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1815Completed fitting at a cost of £24,205BWAS-1793
7.1815Paid off and laid up in ordinary until 1830BWAS-1793
5.1826Started a repair and refitting as a guard shipBWAS-1793
5.1831Completed reapir at a cost of £113,839 and refitting as a guardship at a cost of £9,511BWAS-1793
2.1838Started fitting as a demonstration ship at PlymouthBWAS-1793
6.1838Completed fitting as a demonstration ship at a cost of £8,909BWAS-1793
11.1840Fitted as a flagship at a cost of £6,129 at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1855Started fitting as a hospital ship at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1855Completed fitting as a hospital shipBWAS-1793
21.6.1856Renamed DreadnoughtBWAS-1817
7.1856Refitted as a Unrated Hospital Ship BWAS-1817
14.7.1870Returned to Admiralty controlBWAS-1793
6.5.1871Lent to the Metropolitan AsylumsBWAS-1793

Ordered to be broken up

20.3.1875Break up completed at ChathamBWAS-1793

Notes on Ship


Originally ordered as a 100-gun ship. Reordered 15.12.1795 as 120 guns. New plan completed 11.6.1796 (NMM object id. ZAZ0105).


Previous comments on this page

Posted by colin walker on Friday 13th of July 2018 02:54

Do you have info on other ranks aboard?

Posted by Ian Chard on Friday 4th of May 2018 21:09

The tombstone of William Shelton Covell esq, identifies him as having been born in 1791 and having served as a midshipman on Lord Gambier's flagship HMS Caledonia.
WS Covell died on 12 Aug 1847 and was buried at St Mary's, Fishponds in Stapleton, Gloucestershire. The 1841 census records him as a patient of the 'Licensed Madhouse, Fishponds asylum, parish of Stapleton'.

Posted by Richard McKinnon on Wednesday 1st of November 2017 05:45

Lieutenant James Balfour Robertson served on the HMS Caledonia under Admiral Pickmore and Captain Bedford from 5th Dec 1809 to April 1811
Source:National Archives Memorandum of the Service Record of Lieutenant James Balfour Robertson

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