Recent updates


Recent Comments



Caledonia -> 1856 Dreadnought

25
Nominal Guns120BWAS-1793
NationalityUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered6.11.1794BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down1.1805BWAS-1793
Named19.1.1796BWAS-1793
Launched25.6.1808BWAS-1793
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1793
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
Ship ClassCaledonia Class (1794)BWAS-1793
Designed by
William RuleBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1778-1813
BWAS-1793
Constructor
Joseph TuckerBritish
Ship Builder
Administrator
Dockyard Staff
Service 1802-1831
BWAS-1793
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1793
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1793
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1793
Broken Up20.3.1875BWAS-1793

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck205' 0"Imperial Feet62.484 
Length of Keel170' 9 ⅛"Imperial Feet51.8192 
Breadth (oa)54' 7"Imperial Feet16.5037 
Breadth53' 8"Imperial Feet16.2221 
Depth in Hold23' 2"Imperial Feet7.0273 
Draught Forward15' 10"Imperial Feet4.572 
Draught Aft18' 2"Imperial Feet5.4928 
Burthen2,616 594Tons BM 

Armament


1796Broadside Weight = 1346 Imperial Pound ( 610.411 kg)ref:1139
Lower Gun Deck32 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck34 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck34 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck16 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder

1808Broadside Weight = 1538 Imperial Pound ( 697.483 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck32 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck34 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck34 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck6 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 24-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1808875EstablishmentBWAS-1793

17 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
8.1808 - 10.1810Captain
William BedfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1814
BWAS-1793
3.12.1810 - 9.7.1811Captain
Francis William AustenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1786-1848
BWAS-1793
19.12.1810 - 12.5.1811Captain
Francis William AustenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1786-1848
Discharged ADM 196/3/2
BWAS-1793
5.1811Captain
Peter HeywoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1816
BWAS-1793
1.1813 - 4.1814Captain
Jeremiah CoghlanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1800-1830
BWAS-1793
4.1814 - 6.1814Captain
Edwards Lloyd GrahamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1797-1814
BWAS-1793
6.1814 - 9.1814Captain
Edward Reynolds SiblyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1814
BWAS-1793
5.1815 - 7.1815Captain
James BrisbaneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1787-1802
BWAS-1793
5.1830 - 1831Captain
Richard CurryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1846
NBD1849
1831Captain
Edward CurzonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1846
NBD1849
18.5.1833 - 10.1835Captain
Sir Thomas BrownBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1787-1838
NBD1849
30.10.1835 - 1837Captain
George Bohun MartinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1812-1847
W033
21.10.1840 - 21.4.1842Captain
Henry EdenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1817-1864
BWAS-1793
27.10.1840 - 21.4.1842Captain
Henry EdenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1817-1864
W033
21.4.1842 - 4.1845Captain
Alexander MilneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1842-1845
W033
22.5.1845 - 1.1848Captain
Manley Hall DixonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1860
W025
28.1.1848 - 1851Captain
Thomas Wren CarterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1806-1854
W033

9 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.1809 - 4.1809Admiral of the Blue
James GambierBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1767-1830
BWAS-1793
6.1809 - 12.1809Commodore
Harry Burrard NealeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1787-1814
BWAS-1793
1810Rear-Admiral
Francis PickmoreBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1801
BWAS-1793
6.1811 - 7.1811Admiral
Sir Edward PellewBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1814
BWAS-1793
7.1811 - 1.1813Rear-Admiral
Harry Burrard NealeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1787-1814
BWAS-1793
1.1813 - 4.6.1814Rear-Admiral of the White
Israel PellewBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1814
BWAS-1793
4.6.1814 - 9.1814Rear-Admiral of the Red
Israel PellewBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1814
BWAS-1793
21.4.1842 - 1844Admiral
Sir David MilneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1847
W033
1844 - 5.1844Rear-Admiral
William BowlesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1869
NBD1849

24 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
8.8.1808 - 14.5.1811Lieutenant
William KellyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1811
NBD1849
8.8.1808 - 5.1811Flag Lieutenant
Henry BoyesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1843
NBD1849
5.10.1809 - 2.1.1810Lieutenant
Edward BiddulphBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1823
NBD1849
5.12.1809 - 4.1811Lieutenant
James Balfour RobertsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1811
ADM 9
5.1811 - 1815Lieutenant
James AndersonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1800-1823
NBD1849
8.5.1811 - 5.8.1813Lieutenant
Richard Booth BowdenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1815
NBD1849
18.9.1812 - 22.10.1812Lieutenant
Henry BotelerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1819
NBD1849
1814 - 5.4.1814Acting Lieutenant
George CampbellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1815
NBD1849
4.5.1814 - 10.6.1815Lieutenant
George CampbellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1815
NBD1849
1.5.1830 - 1830Lieutenant
Jeffery Reid AmherstBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1809-1831
NBD1849
9.6.1831 - 6.6.1834Lieutenant
Henry John CodringtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1829-1877
W033
29.11.1831 - 1833Lieutenant
George ButlerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1848
NBD1849
24.6.1833 - 1833Lieutenant
Henry BagotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1823-1845
NBD1849
16.1.1834 - 5.3.1834Supernumerary
Horatio Beauman YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1829-1864
NBD1849
23.1.1834 - 10.1.1837Commander
James BrasierBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1799-1837
NBD1849
5.3.1834 - 30.8.1837Flag Lieutenant
Horatio Beauman YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1829-1864
NBD1849
22.8.1836 - 16.8.1837Lieutenant
Seymour Yorke BrownBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1829-1845
NBD1849
6.5.1837 - 8.1837Lieutenant
Charles George Edward PateyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1824-1864
W025
21.10.1842 - 14.2.1843Lieutenant
Colin Campbell KaneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1841-1846
NBD1849
31.1.1843 - 13.3.1845Lieutenant
Walter KendallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1841-1845
NBD1849
11.12.1844 - 11.1.1845Lieutenant
Charles Douglas O'BrienBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1823-1846
NBD1849
11.12.1844 - 4.3.1845Lieutenant
Robert William Henry AlcockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1831-1846
NL1865
1845 - 1846First Lieutenant
George Stanway BourneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1846
NBD1849
10.6.1845 - 1845Lieutenant
Joseph Hughes BellamyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1815-1845
NBD1849

12 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1809 - 5.10.1809Midshipman
Edward BiddulphBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1823
NBD1849
6.1809 - 4.1811Master's Mate
John Henry BellairsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1814
NBD1849
11.1809 - 1.5.1811Midshipman
Charles George ButlerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1807-1844
NBD1849
2.1810 - 1.5.1810Midshipman
William BranderBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1801-1815
NBD1849
2.1812 - 5.2.1813Master's Mate
Francis BraceBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1843
NBD1849
3.9.1812 - 4.1.1814Midshipman
Francis BickerstaffBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1815
NBD1849
1813 - 3.1814Midshipman
Charlton Booth BaylyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1815
NBD1849
1.1.1813 - 1814Master's Mate
George CampbellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1815
NBD1849
8.1813 - 9.1814Master's Mate
Grosvenor BunsterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1806-1815
NBD1849
9.1813 - 12.1813Master's Mate
Sir John BannatyneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1815
NBD1849
2.1814 - 1814Midshipman
Cheesman Henry BinsteadBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1810-1841
NBD1849
6.1815 - 1816Midshipman
Charles BrandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1810-1823
NBD1849

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
1808 - 11.18091st Class Volunteer
Charles George ButlerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1807-1844
NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
23.9.1808Completed at a cost of £96,381 to build plus £6,711 for fittingBWAS-1793
4.1809At the Basque RoadsBWAS-1793
20.2.1810Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
27.9.1810Action of 1810-09-27
14.6.1811Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
9.1814Paid offBWAS-1793
4.1815Started fitting for sea at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1815Completed fitting at a cost of £24,205BWAS-1793
7.1815Paid off and laid up in ordinary until 1830BWAS-1793
5.1826Started a repair and refitting as a guard shipBWAS-1793
5.1831Completed reapir at a cost of £113,839 and refitting as a guardship at a cost of £9,511BWAS-1793
2.1838Started fitting as a demonstration ship at PlymouthBWAS-1793
6.1838Completed fitting as a demonstration ship at a cost of £8,909BWAS-1793
11.1840Fitted as a flagship at a cost of £6,129 at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1855Started fitting as a hospital ship at PlymouthBWAS-1793
5.1855Completed fitting as a hospital shipBWAS-1793
21.6.1856Renamed DreadnoughtBWAS-1817
7.1856Refitted as a Unrated Hospital ShipBWAS-1817
14.7.1870Returned to Admiralty controlBWAS-1793
6.5.1871Lent to the Metropolitan AsylumsBWAS-1793
10.11.1874

Ordered to be broken up

BWAS-1817
20.3.1875Break up completed at ChathamBWAS-1793


Notes on Ship


Designref:1139

Originally ordered as a 100-gun ship. Reordered 15.12.1795 as 120 guns. New plan completed 11.6.1796 (NMM object id. ZAZ0105).



 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by colin walker on Friday 13th of July 2018 02:54

Do you have info on other ranks aboard?


Posted by Ian Chard on Friday 4th of May 2018 21:09

The tombstone of William Shelton Covell esq, identifies him as having been born in 1791 and having served as a midshipman on Lord Gambier's flagship HMS Caledonia.
WS Covell died on 12 Aug 1847 and was buried at St Mary's, Fishponds in Stapleton, Gloucestershire. The 1841 census records him as a patient of the 'Licensed Madhouse, Fishponds asylum, parish of Stapleton'.


Posted by Richard McKinnon on Wednesday 1st of November 2017 05:45

Lieutenant James Balfour Robertson served on the HMS Caledonia under Admiral Pickmore and Captain Bedford from 5th Dec 1809 to April 1811
Source:National Archives Memorandum of the Service Record of Lieutenant James Balfour Robertson

Make a comment about this page





Recent comments to other pages

Date postedByPage
Monday 25th of October 2021 11:12RuadhriSeahorse vs Aigrette
Sunday 24th of October 2021 18:55Cy
Sunday 24th of October 2021 18:52Vincent J. Power
Sunday 24th of October 2021 18:52Vincent J. Power
Sunday 24th of October 2021 18:50Vincent J. Power