Hornet

2509
Nominal Guns16B194
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorUnited States Navy
Ordered26.3.1804B194
Launched28.6.1805B194
How acquiredPurpose builtB194
ShipyardBaltimore B194
Designed byWilliam PriceB194
ConstructorWilliam PriceB194
CategoryUnratedB194
Ship TypeSloop
Sailing RigBrig
Foundered10.9.1829B194

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB194
Length of Keel85' 9"Imperial Feet25.9537 
Breadth29' 7"Imperial Feet8.859 
Depth in Hold14' 0"Imperial Feet4.2672 
Burthen440 6494Tons BM 

Armament


28.6.1805Broadside Weight = 75 Imperial Pound ( 34.0125 kg)B194
Upper Gun Deck14 American 9-Pounder
Bow Chaser2 American 12-Pounder

1811Broadside Weight = 300 Imperial Pound ( 136.05 kg)B194
Upper Gun Deck18 American 32-Pounder Carronade
Bow Chaser2 American 12-Pounder

1814Broadside Weight = 300 Imperial Pound ( 136.05 kg)TRN6
Upper Gun Deck18 American 32-Pounder Carronade
Bow Chaser2 American 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
28.6.1805150 B194
23.3.1814140 TRN6

5 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
24.4.1806 - 1807CaptainIsaac Chauncey (d.1840)B1941812 - 1813CaptainJames Lawrence (1781-1813)TRN61814Master CommandantJames Biddle (d.1848)TRN61828 - 18.11.1828Master CommandantAlexander Claxtonref:11774.3.1829 - 10.9.1829Master CommandantOtho Norris (d.1829)ref:1180

7 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1828 - 18.11.1828LieutenantRobert D Thorburnref:11771828 - 18.11.1828LieutenantT M Buchananref:11771828 - 18.11.1828LieutenantHenry Bruceref:117718.11.1828 - 10.9.1829LieutenantJesse Smith (d.1829)ref:11804.3.1829 - 10.9.1829LieutenantJohn L Thomas (d.1829)ref:11804.3.1829 - 10.9.1829LieutenantDaniel H Mackay (d.1829)ref:11804.3.1829 - 10.9.1829LieutenantJohn Hamilton (d.1829)ref:1180

5 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1828 - 18.11.1828Assistant SurgeonSamuel Barringtonref:11771828 - 18.11.1828MasterP Turnerref:117718.11.1828 - 10.9.1829SurgeonWilliam Birchmore (d.1829)ref:118018.11.1828 - 10.9.1829PurserRobert Pottenger (d.1829)ref:118010.5.1829 - 10.9.1829Acting Assistant SurgeonJohn F Whitehill (d.1829)ref:1180

11 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
8.2.1809 - 1809MidshipmanThomas Holdup Stevens (1795-1841)EWIKI1821Surgeon's MateWaters SmithUSNR-18211823MidshipmanIrvine Shubrick (1797-1849)1828 - 30.9.1828MidshipmanBushrod W Turner (d.1828)ref:11771828 - 2.10.1828MidshipmanTerrill M Crenshaw (d.1828)ref:11771828 - 14.11.1828MidshipmanJohn Fisher (d.1828)ref:11774.3.1829 - 10.9.1829MidshipmanCharles A Cannell (d.1829)ref:11804.3.1829 - 10.9.1829MidshipmanGustavus R A Brooke (d.1829)ref:11804.3.1829 - 10.9.1829MidshipmanEdwin Laub (d.1829)ref:11804.3.1829 - 10.9.1829MidshipmanJames N Forsyth (d.1829)ref:11804.3.1829 - 10.9.1829Passed MidshipmanEdward Schermerhorn (d.1829)ref:1180

Service History


DateEventSource
1811Refitted as a 18 gun Unrated  
24.2.1813Hornet vs Peacock
23.3.1814Hornet vs Penguin
23.3.1815Took the Unrated Sloop Penguin (16) off Tristan da Cunha
1828

Outbreak of yellow fever - 9 dead

West Indies
ref:1177
18.11.1828Arrived at New York ref:1177
4.3.1829

Sailed from Pensacola

B194
10.9.1829

Foundered in a storm off  Tampico

B194

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
18051806American Mediterranean Squadron 1805-1806John Rodgers (d.1838)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B194Sailing Warships of the US NavyDonald L CanneyBook
TRN6The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol VIWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book
ref:1177The Sailor's Magazine and Naval Journal Vol 1 Book
ref:1180American State Papers Vol 6 Part 3 Book
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site
USNR-1821US Naval Register for 1821AuthorityWeb Site
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Sunday 30th of March 2014 21:27

BOSTON, March 29,
Holmes Hole, 19 March 1813
This day arrived in this harbour, the U. States ship Hornet, Capt. Lawrence, form a cruise. Off Surinam fell in with his Britannic Majesty's brig, Peacock, Capt. Peake, of 10 guns, which he sunk after 15 minutes close action. The following from the Log Book was handed us which diffused a general joy.
Thursday 25 Feb. 1813. At half past three o'clock P. M. discovered a strange sail, bearing down for us. At 4, 20 she hoisted English colours, at 4,30, beat to quarters and cleared ship for action, and hauled close to the wind in order to get the weather gauge of her, at 5,10, hoisted American coloures, tacked and stood for the enemy, at 5,25, in passing each other exchanged broadsides within pistol shot, the enemy then were gave us their starboard broadside bore up close on her starboard quarter, and kept up such a heavy and well directed fire, that in less than 15 minutes, she made the signal of submission being cut to pieces. In 5 minutes after, her main mast went by the board - sent our 1st. Lieutenant on board, he returned with her 1st. Lieutenant, who reported her to be His British Majesty's brig Peacock , mounting 19 guns and a 134 men - that her commander, Capt. Peake, was killed in the action, a great number of her men killed and wounded, and that she was sinking fast - dispatched the boat immediately to take out the wounded and the rest of the prisoners, and brought both vessels to anchor - but notwithstanding every exertion was made to save the crew, she unfortunately sunk - carried own 19 of her crew and 3 of my brave fellows. Lt. Conner, Midshipman Cooper, and the remainder of our men employed in getting out the prisoners, with difficulty saved themselves, by jumping into one of her boats stowed on the booms, four men were taken from the fore-top by our boats. We had 1 man killed and 2 slightly wounded. The enemy had 8 killed and 27 wounded.

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