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Nominal Guns36DANFS
NationalityUnited States of America
OperatorUnited States Navy
First Commissioned8.1799DANFS
How acquiredPurpose builtDANFS
ShipyardBaltimore - Maryland DANFS
CategoryFifth RateDANFS
Ship TypeSloopDANFS


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Burthen380Tons BM 


8.1799Broadside Weight = 153 Imperial Pound ( 69.3855 kg)DANFS
Gun Deck30 American 9-Pounder
Gun Deck6 American 6-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
8.1799180 DANFS

1 Ship Commander

8.1799 - 10.1801Captain
John RodgersAmerican
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1837

Notes on Ship


The first Maryland, a sloop, was built by public subscription in Baltimore under the Act of 30 June 1798; launched at Price Shipyard, Baltimore, Md., 3 June 1799; and accepted by the Navy in August 1799, Capt. John Rodgers in command.

Maryland departed Baltimore 13 September 1799 for the Surinam station. Arriving 1 October, the sloop cruised from French Guiana to Curacao protecting American shipping from attacks by French warships and privateers. The Napoleonic wars were raging in Europe and the French were searching and seizing merchant vessels trading with the British West Indies, causing much loss to American commerce. Maryland captured the schooner Clarissa, an American slave trader without papers 4 January 1800, and then on 26 July fell in with and recaptured without a fight the Portuguese brig Gloria da Mar, which had been captured by French privateer Cherry only 13 days previous.

The sloop cleared Surinam for home 9 August 1800, having served since December 1799 as the only American naval vessel on the Surinam station. Sailing by way of St. Kitts, and St. Thomas, Maryland escorted a large convoy of American and British merchant vessels to safe waters, in addition to capturing Aerial, an American merchantman without papers, 2 September.

She arrived Baltimore 1 October for repairs. Maryland departed Baltimore 22 March 1801 with Congressman John Dawson of Virginia, President Adams’ designated bearer of the amended and ratified Pinckney Treaty with France, and arrived Havre de Grace, France, in early May. The sloop remained until 15 July, when, because of difficulties in obtaining ratification, she was released by Congressman Dawson and sent home. Carrying several diplomatic passengers and important letters and dispatches, she returned to her home port Baltimore 28 August. Captain Rodgers discharged the crew and then sold Maryland 2 October 1801 for $20,200.


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Posted by Brian Stephens on Tuesday 1st of April 2014 22:49

American and Daily Advertiser, 3 June 1799 p. 3

The sloop of war Maryland, pierced for 20 guns, built by the merchants of this city for the United States, and now on the stocks at Mr. William Price's shipyard, Fells Point, will be launched from whence about 4 o'clock this afternoon, tide and weather permitting. The carved work of the Maryland Sloop of War reflects no small honor on the progress of American artists. It is executed in a masterly style by Mr. Brown, a native of Philadelphia and and a pupil of Rush. The head is a beautiful female figure in a standing position (the pedestal and figure measuring 8 1/2 feet) and representing the Goddess of Commerce and Plenty; her right arm is extended, holding in her hand a medal displaying a vessel and insignia of Commerce, which she appears to be contemplating. Her left arm retains the cornucopia reversed; the trail boards present emblems of the arts and sciences; ship building, agriculture etc. etc. the whole emblematic of the wealth, resources pursuits, and characteristics of the American people. On the tail rail is the seal of Maryland, representing the figure of Justice and Peace: with proper insignia; it is supported on the right, by a Genius with book and pen, preparing to record the honors which the ship may confer on her country; while on the left, the Genius of Music is ready to strike his lyre, in celebration of the rising greatness of America.

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