Captain -> 1777 Buffalo254
Nominal Guns70BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorThe Royal Navy
Ordered1739/09/07BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1740/02/25BWAS-1714
Launched1743/04/14BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship Class1733 Establishment 70-Gunner
ConstructorThomas HollandBWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Rerated1777/02/07BWAS-1714
BecomesBritish Fourth Rate ship of the line 'Buffalo' (1777)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck151' 0"Imperial Feet46.0248
Length of Keel122' 0"Imperial Feet37.1856
Breadth43' 6 ½"Imperial Feet13.1191
Depth in Hold17' 9"Imperial Feet5.2143
Burthen1,230 2894Tons BM

Armament

1743/04/14Broadside Weight = 522 Imperial Pound ( 236.727 kg) BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck14British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4British 6-Pounder
1753Broadside Weight = 504 Imperial Pound ( 228.564 kg) BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
1733480Design Complement 

Flag Officers

FromToRankNameSource
1748/051749Vice-Admiral of the WhiteHenry OsbornBWAS-1714
1771/021774Rear-Admiral of the BlueJohn MontaguBWAS-1714

Commanders

FromToRankNameSource
1743/041743/10CaptainJohn ByngBWAS-1714
1743/101746/01CaptainThomas GriffinODNB
17461747CaptainEdward LeggeBWAS-1714
17471747/09/19CommodoreEdward LeggeBWAS-1714
1747/09/191748/05CaptainHugh PalliserBWAS-1714
1748/051749CaptainRichard HughesBWAS-1714
1753/051756/09CaptainCharles CatfordBWAS-1714
1756/091759CaptainJohn AmherstBWAS-1714
1762/041762/09CaptainGeorge FalconerBWAS-1714
1762/09/241763CaptainJohn BrookesBWAS-1714
1771/021774CaptainThomas SymondsBWAS-1714

Service History

DateEvent Source
1743/05/17Completed at Woolwich Dockyard at a cost of £26065.11.8dBWAS-1714
1743/07Sailed for the Bay of BiscayBWAS-1714
1743/09Off Cape OrtegalBWAS-1714
1744In the ChannelBWAS-1714
1744/03/29Took the Privateer Faucon  
1745/06/04Took the Privateer Ship Grand Turk  
1746In the Bay of BiscayBWAS-1714
1747Sailed to the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
1749/06/19SurveyedBWAS-1714
1750Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1751Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £11983.1.10dBWAS-1714
1751/07/01SurveyedBWAS-1714
1753Re-classed as a 64 gun Third Rate 
1753/03Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1753/05Recommissioned as a guard ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1753/05Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £3575.19.6dBWAS-1714
1754/11Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1755Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £3751.11.11dBWAS-1714
1756/04/06Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1756/05/20Battle of Minorca 
1757/04/16Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
1758/02Took the storeship Foudroyant (22)BWAS-1714
1758/06The Seige of Louisburg 
1759/09At Quebec and then sailed homeBWAS-1714
1760/03/05SurveyedBWAS-1714
1762/04Recommissioned ofr harbour service in Sea ReachBWAS-1714
1763/04Began large repair at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
1763/05/02SurveyedBWAS-1714
1766/04Completed large repair at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £20904.0.0dBWAS-1714
1770/11Began small repair at Woolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
1771/02RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1771/04Completed small repair at Woolwich Dockyard at a cost of £7475.15.4dBWAS-1714
1771/06/18Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
1774Ordered HomeBWAS-1714
1777Converted to an armed storeship 
1777/02/07Ordered to be renamed and fitted as a 30-gun store shipBWAS-1714
1777/02/07Renamed BuffaloBWAS-1714


Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ODNB Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
 
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