Captain -> 1777 Buffalo

254
Nominal Guns70BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered7.9.1739BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down25.2.1739/40BWAS-1714
Launched14.4.1743BWAS-1714
First Commissioned4.4.1743
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship Class1733 Establishment 70-Gunner
ConstructorThomas HollandBWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Rerated7.2.1777BWAS-1714
BecomesBritish Fourth Rate ship of the line 'Buffalo' (1777) (50)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck151' 0"Imperial Feet46.0248 
Length of Keel122' 0"Imperial Feet37.1856 
Breadth43' 6 ½"Imperial Feet13.1191 
Depth in Hold17' 9"Imperial Feet5.2143 
Burthen1,230 2894Tons BM 

Armament


14.4.1743Broadside Weight = 522 Imperial Pound ( 236.727 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

1753Broadside Weight = 504 Imperial Pound ( 228.564 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1733480Design Complement

10 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
4.4.1743 - 27.10.1743CaptainThe Hon. John Byng (1704-1757) ADM 6/16/165BWAS-171428.10.1743 - 9.1.1745/46CaptainThomas Griffin (1692-1771) ADM 6/16/233ODNB10.1.1745/46 - 24.11.1746CaptainEdward Legge (d.1747) ADM 6/17/42BWAS-171425.11.1746 - 5.5.1748CaptainHugh Palliser (1721/22-1796) ADM 6/17/175BWAS-17145.5.1748 - 1748CaptainRobert Hughes (1716-1774) ADM 6/17/438
Commission confirmed 3.2.1748/49
ADM 6/17
5.1753 - 9.1756CaptainCharles Catford (d.1756)BWAS-17149.1756 - 1759CaptainJohn Amherst (1718-1778)BWAS-17144.1762 - 9.1762CaptainGeorge Falconer (d.1780)BWAS-171424.9.1762 - 1763CaptainJohn Brookes (d.1791)BWAS-17142.1771 - 1774CaptainThomas Symonds (d.1792)BWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
5.1748 - 1749Vice-Admiral of the WhiteHenry Osborne (1694-1771)BWAS-17142.1771 - 1774Rear-Admiral of the BlueJohn Montagu (1719-1795)BWAS-1714

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
15.6.1744 - 10.1.1745/46Second LieutenantWilliam Holmes (d.1748) ADM 6/16/321ADM 6/1615.6.1744 - 5.5.1746Fourth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsGeorge Peard ADM 6/16/321ADM 6/1623.12.1746 - 7.2.1748/49Second LieutenantJohn Russell (d.c.1753) ADM 6/17/183ADM 6/176.1.1746/47 - 20.6.1748Fourth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsJohn Fortescue (d.1808) ADM 6/17/383
Commission confirmed 13.9.1748
ADM 6/17
20.6.1748 - 1748Fourth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsWalter Sterling ADM 6/17/438
Commission confirmed 7.2.1748/49
ADM 6/17
7.2.1748/49 - 1749Second LieutenantSalkeld John Proctor ADM 6/17/438ADM 6/17

Service History


DateEventSource
17.5.1743Completed at Woolwich Dockyard at a cost of £26065.11.8dBWAS-1714
7.1743Sailed for the Bay of BiscayBWAS-1714
9.1743Off Cape OrtegalBWAS-1714
1744In the ChannelBWAS-1714
29.3.1744Took the Privateer Faucon
4.6.1745Took the Privateer Ship Grand Turk (32)
1746In the Bay of BiscayBWAS-1714
1747Sailed to the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
19.6.1749SurveyedBWAS-1714
1750Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1751Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £11983.1.10dBWAS-1714
1.7.1751SurveyedBWAS-1714
1753Refitted as a 64 gun Third Rate
3.1753Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
5.1753Recommissioned as a guard ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
5.1753Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £3575.19.6dBWAS-1714
11.1754Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1755Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £3751.11.11dBWAS-1714
6.4.1756Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
20.5.1756Battle of Minorca
16.4.1757Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
2.1758Took the storeship Foudroyant (22)BWAS-1714
6.1758The Seige of Louisburg
9.1759At Quebec and then sailed homeBWAS-1714
5.3.1760SurveyedBWAS-1714
4.1762Recommissioned ofr harbour service in Sea ReachBWAS-1714
4.1763Began large repair at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
2.5.1763SurveyedBWAS-1714
4.1766Completed large repair at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £20904.0.0dBWAS-1714
11.1770Began small repair at Woolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
2.1771RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1771Completed small repair at Woolwich Dockyard at a cost of £7475.15.4dBWAS-1714
18.6.1771Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
1774Ordered HomeBWAS-1714
1777Converted to an armed storeship
7.2.1777Ordered to be renamed and fitted as a 30-gun store shipBWAS-1714
7.2.1777Renamed BuffaloBWAS-1714


Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ODNB Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ADM 6/17 ADM 6/17 Commission and Warrant Book 1745 18 Sep.-1751 Apr.  Archive
ADM 6/16 ADM 6/16 Commission and Warrent Book 1742 Jan 4 - 1745 Sept 18 Archive
 

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