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Somerset

265
Nominal Guns68BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered6.8.1745BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down5.5.1746BWAS-1714
Named8.7.1748BWAS-1714
Launched18.7.1748BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
Constructor
John WardBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1711-1752
BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Wrecked2.11.1778BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck160' 0"Imperial Feet48.768 
Length of Keel131' 4"Imperial Feet39.9321 
Breadth45' 4"Imperial Feet13.7363 
Depth in Hold19' 4"Imperial Feet5.8025 
Burthen1,435 6294Tons BM 

Armament


18.7.1748Broadside Weight = 731 Imperial Pound ( 331.5085 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1745520Design Complement

8 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
28.2.1748/49 - 21.11.1752Captain
Thomas SturtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1720-1753
ADM 6/17/445
BWAS-1714
16.1.1753 - 4.2.1755Captain
Harry PowlettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1775
Transfered ADM 6/18/53
BWAS-1714
4.2.1755 - 5.7.1757Captain
Francis GearyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1734-1780
ADM 6/18/128
BWAS-1714
5.7.1757 - 26.9.1762Captain
Edward HughesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1735-1793
Transfered ADM 6/18/418
BWAS-1714
26.9.1762 - 23.5.1763Captain
William ParryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1728-1778
ADM 6/19/488
Issued by
Charles SaundersBritish
Naval Sailor
Marine
Service 1727-1773

Confirmed 27.4.1763
ADM 6/19
8.1.1771 - 2.9.1773Captain
Edward HughesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1735-1793
ADM 6/20/332
BWAS-1714
15.9.1773 - 31.3.1775Captain
Sir Edward Le CrasBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1778
Transfered ADM 6/20/515
BWAS-1714
31.3.1775 - 2.11.1778Captain
George OurryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1793
ADM 6/21/82
BWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1756Vice-Admiral of the Red
Henry OsborneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1710-1765
ADM 6/86/91
BWAS-1714
1759Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Charles SaundersBritish
Naval Sailor
Marine
Service 1727-1773
BWAS-1714

3 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1.12.1748 - 21.1.1752Third Lieutenant
William PeeveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1737-1762
ADM 6/17/416
ADM 6/17
30.12.1748 - 21.11.1752Second Lieutenant
John BernardBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1785
ADM 6/17/427
ADM 6/17
17.6.1775 - 24.2.1776Fourth Lieutenant
Cuthbert CollingwoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1693-1802
ADM 6/21/110
Issued by
Samuel GravesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1732-1783
, North America
Confirmed 5.8.1775
NAO

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1773 - 22.1.1773Surgeon
James YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1773
ADM 6/20/475
ADM 6/20

5 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
30.6.1739 - 12.1.1739/40Quartermaster
Thomas LynnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1780
ref:1700
13.1.1739/40 - 29.10.1740Midshipman
Thomas LynnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1780
Transfered
ref:1700
9.8.1757 - 7.4.1760Midshipman
John BazelyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1805
ADM 107/5/213
ADM 107/5
16.9.1757 - 9.2.1758Midshipman
William MartinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1776
ADM 107/5/130
ADM 107/5
10.2.1758 - 13.6.1759Master's Mate
William MartinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1776
ADM 107/5/130
ADM 107/1

2 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
15.5.1738 - 29.6.1739Able Seaman
Thomas LynnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1780
ref:1700
14.12.1776 - 13.12.1778Able Seaman
John OsborneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1786
ADM 29/8

Service History


DateEventSource
29.7.1748Completed at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £33967.13.8dBWAS-1714
12.1748Commissioned as a guardship at ChathamBWAS-1714
1750Moved to SheernessBWAS-1714
21.11.1752Paid off at Chatham Dockyard ADM 6/18
1.1753Guard ship at ChathamBWAS-1714
22.4.1755Sailed to North AmericaBWAS-1714
13.4.1757Took the Privateer
La Victoire (26) 1757-1757
French 26 Gun
Privateer

6.9.1757

Arrived at Halifax

ODNB
6.6.1758The Siege of Louisbourg
11.1758

Had arrived at Spithead

ODNB
14.2.1759Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
6.1759Seige of Quebec
9.1759At QuebecBWAS-1714
21.5.1760Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
6.1763Paid offBWAS-1714
1.1771RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1771Recommissioned as guardship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
22.6.1773Participated in the Spithead reviewBWAS-1714
24.10.1774Sailed to North AmericaBWAS-1714
18.12.1774Arrived in BostonNDARI
4.1776Returned home to pay offBWAS-1714
5.1776Guardship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
9.4.1777Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
22.7.1778At Sandy HookBWAS-1714
2.11.1778Wrecked off Cape Cod losing 21 drownedBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
27.4.1755-4.11.1755Fleet for North America
The Hon. Edward BoscawenBritish
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Administrator
Marine
Service 1726-1759
 
1.1.1775-1.1.1775North American Squadron on the 1st of January 1775
Samuel GravesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1732-1783
 
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by martin rigby on Tuesday 22nd of September 2020 07:59

Gunner of the Somerset was Stephen Foster from 1748 until at least 1765. Source: ADM\B\177. Later Gunner of Royal George. He died in 1808. His headstone describes him as 'the oldest seaman in His Majesty's service'.
The ship's Gunner on its loss in North America was Richard Collier. Source: HMS Somerset 1746-1778 by M H Gibson.


Posted by Cy on Thursday 27th of July 2017 11:38

The simple answer is 'don't know'. This is the third RN ship to carry the name, use the ships search to find them all.
I would guess they were named in honour of either the county, or, possibly more likely, one of the Dukes or Earls of Somerset.


Posted by Jane Somerset Trisos on Thursday 27th of July 2017 10:21

I would like to know the origin of the naming of the ship SOMERSET 1748. I am of English Somerset descent

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