Fénix

2664
Real Fenix
San Alejandro
Nominal Guns80
NationalitySpain
OperatorArmada Real
Ordered1748
Keel Laid Down1749
Launched28.6.1749
First Commissioned31.1.1751
How acquiredPurpose built
ShipyardHavana - Cuba
Designed by Juan Jorge
Constructor Pedro de Torres
CategoryThird Rate
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Captured16.1.1780
BecomesBritish Third Rate ship of the line 'Gibraltar' (1780) (80)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric Equivalent
Length of Gundeck198' 0"Burgos Feet55.1628 (180′ 11″ Imperial)
Length of Keel165' 0"Burgos Feet45.969 (150′ 9″ Imperial)
Breadth57' 0"Burgos Feet15.8802 (52′ 1″ Imperial)
Depth in Hold28' 6"Burgos Feet7.8182 (25′ 7″ Imperial)
Draught Aft27' 0"Burgos Feet7.5222 (24′ 8″ Imperial)
Displacement3,000Ton 
Burthen1,750Ton 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck178' 10 ¾"Imperial Feet54.2735 
Length of Keel144' 5 ¾"Imperial Feet43.9103 
Breadth53' 3 ¾"Imperial Feet16.1735 
Depth in Hold22' 4"Imperial Feet6.7564 
Burthen2,184 2594Tons BM 

Armament


1766Broadside Weight = 712 Spanish libre (768.248 lbs 326.808 kg) 
Lower Gun Deck30 Spanish 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck32 Spanish 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 Spanish 8-Pounder
Forecastle4 Spanish 8-Pounder

1780Broadside Weight = 720 Spanish libre (776.88 lbs 330.48 kg) 
Lower Gun Deck30 Spanish 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck32 Spanish 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle18 Spanish 8-Pounder

4 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1759 - 28.8.1759Capitan de navio Juan Cayetano de Langara29.8.1759 - 1759Capitan de navio Gutierra de Hevia y Valdes1769 - 28.8.1759Capitan de navio Francisco Cotiella23.6.1779 - 16.1.1780Capitan de navio Francisco Javier de Melgarejo y Rojas (1733-1820)

5 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1751 - 8.6.1750Capitan General Benito María de Spínola y Mora (1687-1774)23.5.1779 - 22.7.1779Teniente General Antonio de Ulloa23.7.1779 - 10.1779Capitan General Antonio de Ulloa10.1779 - 16.1.1780Brigadier Juan Cayetano de Langara29.8.1859 - 1859Capitan General Juan Jose Navarro

Service History


DateEventSource
8.6.1750Entered at Cadiz from La Habana with gold and troops.
4.1755At La Carraca, Cadiz to be careened.
4.1759At Cadiz commissioned.
29.8.1759Left Cadiz with a fleet (**2**) to Naples to transport future King of Spain Charles III.
28.9.1759The fleet (**2**) arrived to Naples.
7.10.1759Charles III of Spain, (''former Charles VII of 2 Sicilies''), embarked into Real Fenix and a combined fleet
17.10.1759The combined fleet (**3**) with Charles III of Spain arrived to Barcelona.
1762Commissioned to patrol Mediterranean, Gibraltar strait & Atlantic sea.
1.1762At Cadiz with other 12 SoL, 4 frigates & minor vessels.
1763Commissioned to patrol Mediterranean, Gibraltar strait & Atlantic sea.
1764In ordinary, under repairs at La Carraca, Cadiz.
1765In ordinary, under repairs at La Carraca, Cadiz.
1769In ordinary, at Cadiz.
23.6.1779Left Cadiz with Adm. Cordova's fleet to the English Channel.
23.7.1779Near Sisargas Islands departed to Azores Islands with [HCMS Gallardo|Gallardo], [HCMS Diligente|Diligente], [HCMS Sa
26.7.1779Patrolled Azores Islands with [HCMS Gallardo|Gallardo], [HCMS Diligente|Diligente], [HCMS San Julian|San Julian], [HCM
1.10.1779Entered at Cadiz.
8.10.1779Left Cadiz to block Gibraltar as Admiral Ulloa's flagship.
11.1779Entered at Cartagena due to strong winds and quit blocking.
3.12.1779Left Cartagena back to the strait of Gibraltar.
1.1780The squadron suffers different storms with damages.
2.1.1780Arrived back to the Strait of Gibraltar.
16.1.1780Captured by the british at the [Battle of Cape St Maria].
16.1.1780Battle of Cape St. Vincent
Santa Magdalena] & [HCMF Santa Monica|Santa Monica].
Santa Monica].

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by N W P van Diepen on Monday 26th of October 2020 15:10

The "becomes" link should go to "British Third Rate ship of the line 'Gibraltar' (1780)", not some sloop.

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