San Dámaso

2684
Nominal Guns74
NationalitySpain
OperatorArmada Real
Launched30.3.1776
How acquiredPurpose built
ShipyardCartagena - Spain
Ship ClassSan Joaquín Class
Designed byFrancisco Gautier (1733-1800)
CategoryThird Rate
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Captured17.2.1797
BecomesBritish Third Rate ship of the line 'San Damaso' (1797) (74)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck175' 2"Imperial Feet53.3407 
Length of Keel143' 3 ¾"Imperial Feet43.6055 
Breadth48' 9"Imperial Feet14.659 
Depth in Hold21' 1 ½"Imperial Feet6.4135 
Burthen1,811 6094Tons BM 

Armament


30.3.1776Broadside Weight = 670 Spanish libre (722.93 lbs 307.53 kg)ref:1266
Upper Gun Deck30 Spanish 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle16 Spanish 8-Pounder
Lower Deck Bow Chaser28 Spanish 24-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
30.3.1776550Design Complementref:1266

5 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
6.1776 - 1780Capitan de navioFrancisco de Borja31.7.1780 - 1780Capitan de navioJose de Varela2.1789 - 1789Jefe de EscuadraJoaquin Cañaveral26.4.1793 - 1793Capitan de navioNicolas Estrada y Posada17.2.1797 - 1797Capitan de navioJose JordanB079

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1781 - 1782Teniente GeneralAntonio Osorno y Herrera1795BrigadierDomingo Perler

Service History


DateEventSource
1776Patrolled Mediterranean waters to fight algerian corso for 65 days.
8.1776Entered at Cadiz.
13.11.1776Left Cadiz under Adm. Tilly's fleet for the Campaign of Sacramento.1
1777At Martin Garcia island.
3.1777The fleet arrived & conquers Santa Catalina island.
30.3.1777Adm. Tilly's fleet left Santa Catalina to Rio Grande de San Pedro.
18.4.1777Arrived to Maldonado's harbour with damages due to a storm.
17.7.1778Arrived to Cadiz from Santa Catalina with Santo Domingo (70), Monarca (74) & America (64) with troops & supplies.
17791st Campaign of the English Channel.
1779At Cadiz, under Admiral Langara's fleet, patrols the Strait of Gibraltar.
1.1780Left Brest to Cadiz.
31.7.1780Left Cadiz under Adm. Cordoba's fleet to patrol nearby Cape St. Vincent waters.
9.8.1780Captured a british convoy of 55 vessels under Adm. Cordoba's fleet nearby Cape St. Vincent.
6.2.1781Left Cadiz under Adm. Cordoba's fleet to patrol nearby Cape St. Vincent waters.
28.3.1781Entered back to Cadiz under Adm. Cordoba's fleet.
1.5.1781Left Cadiz under Adm. Cordoba's fleet to patrol nearby Cape St. Vincent waters.
8.6.1781Entered back to Cadiz under Adm. Cordoba's fleet.
22.7.1781Left Cadiz under french-spanish fleet of Adm. Cordoba for the 2nd Campaign of the English Channel.
3.9.1781Entered back to Cadiz from the English Channel.
1782Joinned Adm. Cordoba's fleet at high seas for the 3rd Campaign of the Enlgish Channel.
3.1782Left Cadiz with other 12 spanish SoL & Contre Adm. Guichen to patrol Madeira & Puerto Santo.
12.9.1782At Algeciras bay for the Siege of Gribaltar.
10.10.1782Suffered a storm at Algeciras bay, lossing some masts.
5.11.1782Repaired continued supporting the siege of Gibraltar.
2.1789Joinned Adm. Felix de Tejada's testing squadron.
24.9.1789Finished testing sailing under Tejadas's squadron.
1793At Cadiz set in commission for the war against french revolutionary.
4.1793Joinned Adm. Borja's squadron for the Campaign of Sardinia and then patrolled Viscay Bay.
12.1794At Rosas bay under Adm. Langara's squadron, lossing some masts due to storms.
1795Transported troops from Barcelona to Malaga and after to Cadiz.
6.1795At Cadiz, joinned Adm. Mazarredo's fleet.
1796Canceled the departure to Cartagena de Indias and stayed at Trinidad.
4.8.1796Left Cadiz under Rear Adm. Apocada's squadron to Trinidad.
14.9.1796Arrived to Trinidad under Apocada's squadron.2
1797Used as prison hulk at Portsmouth.
16.2.1797Blocked at Shagaramus (Chaguaramas) bay, Trinidad by Rear Adm. Harvey's fleet.3
16.2.1797Capture of Trinidad
17.2.1797Set on fire by the spanish at Shagaramus (Chaguaramas) bay, Trinidad to avoid capture by the british.
17.2.1797The fire was extingued and the ship captured.
17.2.1797Taken by the British by Harvey's fleet at Chagaramus Bay, Trinidad


Notes on Ship


Sources (research by Santiago Gomez)
Cesareo Fdez. Duro, "Armada Española desde la union de los reinos de Castilla y Aragon" - Tomo VIII (b61)

Revista General de Marina. Historias de la Mar, diciembre 1962.

Revista General de Marina, Miscelánea, mayo de 1996.

FERNÁNDEZ GAYTÁN, José. “Historias de la Mar. La ocupación británica de la isla Trinidad de Barlovento, Revista General de Marina, junio de 1997

FERNÁNDEZ DURO, Cesáreo. Disquisiciones náuticas. Tomo V. Ministerio de Defensa, 1996.

FERNÁNDEZ DURO, Cesáreo. Armada española. Tomo VIII, Museo Naval, Madrid, 1973.

GÓMEZ VIZCAÍNO, Juan Antonio. “Marinos extremeños en la Cartagena del siglo XVIII”, Revista de Historia Naval, (1984), nº 87.

JUAN-GARCÍA AGUADO, José Mª de. José Romero F. Landa. Un ingeniero de marina en el siglo XVIII, Universidad de La Coruña, 1998.

NÚÑEZ IGLESIAS, Indalecio, BLANCO NÚÑEZ, José María. La diversión de Tolón, 2 tomos, Ministerio de Defensa, Madrid, 1998.


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
ref:1266Spanish Warships in the Age of Sail 1700-1860 (Unpublished Manuscript) Book
B079La fragata en la Armada EspañolaAgustin R Rodriguez GonzalezBook
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by H Gittens on Wednesday 9th of January 2019 02:16

Trying to find out information on my ancestor Placedo Medina who was part of the Spanish administration in Trinidad in 1797. Is there any site or link that has the names of the Spanish officers and crew who surrendered to the British in 1797?

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