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Guerrero

2720
Nominal Guns683DECKS
NationalitySpain
OperatorArmada Real
Ordered15.6.17523DECKS
Keel Laid Down17533DECKS
Named15.7.17523DECKS
Launched17553DECKS
How acquiredPurpose built3DECKS
ShipyardReal Astillero de Esteiro - Ferrol ref:748
Designed by
Juan JorgeSpanish
Designer
Ship Builder
3DECKS
Constructor
Guillermo TurnerSpanish
Ship Builder
3DECKS
CategoryThird Rate3DECKS
Ship TypeShip of the Line3DECKS
Sailing RigShip Rigged3DECKS
Broken Up18503DECKS

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric Equivalent3DECKS
Length of Gundeck191' 8"Burgos Feet53.2146 (174′ 6″ Imperial)
Length of Keel171' 0"Burgos Feet47.6406 (156′ 3″ Imperial)
Breadth52' 6"Burgos Feet14.5569 (47′ 9″ Imperial)
Depth in Hold23' 8"Burgos Feet6.4697 (21′ 2″ Imperial)
Draught Aft26' 3"Burgos Feet7.2552 (23′ 9″ Imperial)
Burthen1,670Ton 

Armament


1759Broadside Weight = 656 Spanish libre (707.824 lbs 301.104 kg)3DECKS
Lower Gun Deck28 Spanish 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 Spanish 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle10 Spanish 8-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle4 Spanish 4-Pound Obusier
Quarterdeck/Forecastle2 Spanish 2-Pound Pederoso

1790Broadside Weight = 670 Spanish libre (722.93 lbs 307.53 kg)3DECKS
Lower Gun Deck28 Spanish 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 Spanish 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle16 Spanish 8-Pounder

1799Broadside Weight = 702 Spanish libre (757.458 lbs 322.218 kg)3DECKS
Lower Gun Deck28 Spanish 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 Spanish 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle2 Spanish 9-Pound Obusier
Quarterdeck/Forecastle20 Spanish 8-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle2 Spanish 7-Pound Obusier

1820Broadside Weight = 746 Spanish libre (804.934 lbs 342.414 kg)3DECKS
Lower Gun Deck28 Spanish 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 Spanish 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle22 Spanish 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle4 Spanish 4-Pound Obusier

1830Broadside Weight = 270 Spanish libre (291.33 lbs 123.93 kg)3DECKS
Upper Gun Deck30 Spanish 18-Pounder

1833Broadside Weight = 432 Spanish libre (466.128 lbs 198.288 kg)3DECKS
Lower Gun Deck28 Spanish 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle16 Spanish 12-Pounder

21 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
4.1759 - 5.1759Capitan de fragata
Bernabe de UrculluSpanish
Naval Sailor
3DECKS
5.1759 - 1759Capitan de navio
Joaquin de AguirreSpanish
Naval Sailor
3DECKS
19.5.1764 - 1764Capitan de navio
Jose Diaz de San VicenteSpanish
Naval Sailor
3DECKS
10.4.1784 - 1784Capitan de navio
Pedro Luis Obregón y CeballosSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1840
3DECKS
1790Capitan de navio
Francisco Javier MuñozSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1844
TODO
1794 - 6.1794Capitan de navio
Jose Justo SalcedoSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1844
3DECKS
1797 - 1798Capitan de navio
Nicolas Estrada y PosadaSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1833
3DECKS
1798Capitan de navio
Jose Justo SalcedoSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1844
3DECKS
1799Capitan de navio
Nicolas Estrada y PosadaSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1833
3DECKS
4.1801 - 14.12.1801Capitan de navio
Francisco Javier de Uriarte y BorjaSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1845
TRN5
14.12.1801 - 9.1802Capitan de navio
Juan María VillavicencioSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1844
3DECKS
30.9.1802 - 1802Capitan de navio
Agustin de FigueroaSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1859
3DECKS
2.1805 - 1805Capitan de navio
Jose de la EncinaSpanish
Naval Sailor
3DECKS
1820 - 6.1820Capitan de navio
Jose ObregónSpanish
Naval Sailor
3DECKS
30.6.1820 - 1822Capitan de navio
Fernando DominiciSpanish
Naval Sailor
3DECKS
1822Capitan de navio3DECKS1823Capitan de navio
Jose Primo de Rivera y Ortiz de PinedoSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1870
3DECKS
8.1826 - 1826Brigadier de marina
Angel Laborde y NavarroSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1767-1867
3DECKS
1829Brigadier de marina
Jose Primo de Rivera y Ortiz de PinedoSpanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1870
3DECKS
2.1.1833 - 11.1833Capitan de navio
Jose Morales de los RiosSpanish
Naval Sailor
3DECKS
23.11.1833 - 1833Capitan de navio
Antonio QuintanaSpanish
Naval Sailor
3DECKS

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
21.5.1781 - 1781Teniente General
Jose Solano y BoteSpanish
Naval Sailor
3DECKS

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1765Guardiamarina
José Adorno SpinolaSpanish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1762-1814
ref:1661

Service History


DateEventSource
1759Left Cadiz to Cartagena.3DECKS
1759Arrived to Cartagena.3DECKS
4.1759At El Ferrol.3DECKS
5.1759Arrived to Cadiz.3DECKS
9.5.1759Left El Ferrol to Cadiz.3DECKS
8.1759Left Cartagena to Naples with more ships.3DECKS
28.9.1759The fleet arrived to Naples.3DECKS
7.10.1759King Charles III of Spain embarked in Fenix and the fleet departed.3DECKS
17.10.1759The fleet with Charles III of Spain arrived to Barcelona.3DECKS
3.1760At El Ferrol.3DECKS
12.1760At El Ferrol waiting for maintenance repairs.3DECKS
1764Arrived to Cadiz with Oriente (70)3DECKS
19.5.1764Left El Ferrol to Cadiz with Oriente (70)3DECKS
24.6.1765Left with 8 SoL1 with future Queen of Austria Archiduquesa Luisa Maria to Genoa.3DECKS
17.7.1765Arrived to Genoa.3DECKS
25.7.1765Departed with future Pricess of Asturias, Maria Luisa de Parma from Genoa.3DECKS
11.8.1765Arrived to Cartagena.3DECKS
7.1770Departed for sailing test with Sto Domingo (74) & Santisima Trinidad (114).3DECKS
8.1770Entered from sailing test with Sto Domingo (74) & Santisima Trinidad (114).3DECKS
3.1777At El Ferrol.3DECKS
6.1779Left El Ferrol under Admiral Arce's fleet of 8 SoL and 2 frigates.3DECKS
2.7.1779Joined french Orvilliers' fleet near Sisargas islands.3DECKS
8.1779First Campaign of the British Channel.3DECKS
9.1779Entered at Brest with the french-spanish fleet.3DECKS
13.1.1780Left Brest under Admiral Gaston's fleet to Cadiz.3DECKS
3.2.1780Entered at Cadiz with Admiral Gaston's main fleet.3DECKS
28.4.1780Left Cadiz under Admiral Solano's fleet with merchantmen to La Habana.3DECKS
4.8.1780Entered at La Habana.3DECKS
10.1780Due to a hurricane, the fleet returned to La Habana.3DECKS
16.10.1780Left La Habana to Pensacola under Admiral Solano's fleet with troops.3DECKS
1781At Cadiz set for small repairs.3DECKS
10.4.1781Departed under Solano's fleet for the Campaign of Pensacola.3DECKS
5.1781Back to La Habana.3DECKS
21.5.1781Left as Adm. Solano's flagship with 10 spanish & 4 french SoL & 2 frigates looking for a british convoy.3DECKS
26.5.1781Entered back to La Habana, because they did not find the british convoy.3DECKS
29.7.1781Left La Habana with Astuto (74), Arrogante (74), Gallardo (74), Sta Lucia (34) & over 60 merchantmen.3DECKS
9.10.1781Entered at Cadiz with Astuto (74), Arrogante (74), Gallardo (74), Sta Lucia (34) & merchantmen with 2,857,000 pesos.3DECKS
1.4.1782At Cadiz fitting.3DECKS
5.1782Left under Cordoba's fleet for the 2nd Campaign of the British Channel.3DECKS
7.1782Patrolling Scilly & Quessant islands, scapes from Admiral Howe's fleet to Cadiz.3DECKS
8.1782Entered at Cadiz.3DECKS
12.9.1782Entered at Algeciras bay with Cordoba's fleet for the Campaign of Blocking of Gibraltar.3DECKS
13.10.1782Left Algeciras bay under Cordoba's, pursuing Howe's ships.3DECKS
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
21.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel3DECKS
1784At Cadiz, in ordinary, disarmed.3DECKS
1790Refitted as a 74 gun Third Rate Ship of the Line
5.1790Set in commissioned at Cartagena.3DECKS
7.1790Joined Admiral Solano's fleet for the Nootka incident.3DECKS
8.9.1790Entered at Cadiz.3DECKS
15.12.1790Left Cadiz with San Genaro (74) to Cartagena to set both in ordinary.3DECKS
19.12.1790Entered at Cartagena with San Genaro (74) to set both in ordinary.3DECKS
1794Joined Admiral Langara's fleet in the Mediterranean.3DECKS
1798At Cadiz under Mazarredo's fleet, blocked by Admiral Jervis' fleet.3DECKS
1798Avoided blocking and departed from Cadiz to La Habana.3DECKS
1799Returned to Cadiz? with gold.3DECKS
1799Joined Mazarredo's fleet at Cartagena.3DECKS
1799Refitted as a 78 gun Third Rate Ship of the Line
29.6.1799Left Cartagena with Mazarredo's fleet joined by Admiral Bruix's fleet to Cadiz.3DECKS
10.7.1799Entered at Cadiz.3DECKS
20.7.1799Left Cadiz with Mazarredo's & Bruix's fleet to Brest.3DECKS
9.8.1799Arrived to Brest.3DECKS
14.12.1801Left Brest under Gravina's fleet to Haiti.3DECKS
30.9.1802Arrived to Barcelona from Naples with Principe de Asturias, Bahama, Atocha, Soledad & a brig, carring Etruria's Kings.3DECKS
1.1805At Cartagena.3DECKS
18.5.1805Left Cartagena for crew trainning under Salcedo' fleet.3DECKS
20.5.1805Entered at Cartagena.3DECKS
8.6.1805Left Cartagena for crew trainning under Adm. Salcedo' fleet.3DECKS
11.6.1805Entered at Cartagena.3DECKS
7.1805Returned to Cartagena due to british fleet off Cadiz.3DECKS
20.7.1805Left Cartagena with Salcedo' fleet to join french-spanish fleet at Cadiz.3DECKS
10.1805At Cartagena under Salcedo's fleet.3DECKS
2.1808At Cartagena under Valdes' fleet.3DECKS
13.8.1810At Cartagena commissioned to depart to Mahon.3DECKS
1819At Cadiz, Commissioned to join campaign at Buenos Aires, under Adm. Mourelle de la Rua's fleet, finally aborted.3DECKS
1820Refitted as a 80 gun Third Rate Ship of the Line
30.6.1820At Cadiz.3DECKS
1823Entered at Cadiz from La Habana.3DECKS
15.9.1823Was disarmed and been careened at La Carraca, Cadiz.3DECKS
10.1825Finished careen and armed.3DECKS
1.1826Departed from Cadiz to Santiago de Cuba with corvette Zafiro and other small vessels.3DECKS
19.3.1826Arrived to Santiago de Cuba with war supplies, with heavy damages due to the cruise.3DECKS
6.1826At La Habana, with more ships to fight Colombian & Mexican navies.3DECKS
8.1826Left La Habana to Mexico, with 5 frigates & 2 bergantines, scorting 4,000 soldiers.3DECKS
9.1826Returned to La Habana.3DECKS
5.9.1826Suffered a storm, arriving alone & without masts to Puerto Rico.3DECKS
10.1826Repaired at La Habana.3DECKS
4.12.1827Left La Habana with Iberia (40) & brig Hercules with supplies & gold.3DECKS
20.12.1827Arrived to San Juan de Puerto Rico, embarked troops & supplies.3DECKS
23.12.1827Left San Juan de Puerto Rico to Mexico.3DECKS
25.3.1828Entered at La Habana.3DECKS
1829Left La Habana to Cadiz.3DECKS
4.1830Arrived to Cadiz without masts & heavy damages from storms.3DECKS
1833Refitted as a 74 gun Third Rate Ship of the Line
2.1.1833Left Cadiz? after been careened.3DECKS
23.11.1833Left Vigo.3DECKS
1834At El Ferrol unarmed.3DECKS
1850Broke up at El Ferrol.3DECKS


Notes on Ship


Sources quoted by 3decks
AGS, Sección Estado, legajo 6090.

AGI, Cuba, legajo 2049.

AGI, Sección Estado, 17, N.124

RGM, septiembre 1928, Julio Iglesias, "Recuerdos de la Real Armada y de la Civil".

RHN, año 1983, nº 2, Fernando Serrano Mangas, "La Armada española frente a la oleada de corsarios colombianos en 1826".

RHN, año 1985, nº 10, Agustín Rodríguez González, "Una travesía accidentada en 1810".

RHN, año 1987, nº 19, José Fernández Gaytán, "La Marina liberal en las guerras civiles del siglo XIX".

RHN, año 1990, nº 28, Antonio Egea López, "Ángel Laborde, comandante del apostadero de La Habana".

Cesáreo Fernández Duro, "Disquisiciones náuticas", Tomo V.

Cesáreo Fernández Duro, "Armada española".

Francisco Morales Padrón, "Diario de Don Francisco de Saavedra".

Juan Alsina Torrente, "Una guerra romántica, 1778-1783".

Periódico de la Sociedad Médico-Quirúrgica de Cádiz, tomo III, 1822.

"Historia Económico-Política y estadística de la isla de Cuba", Ramón de la Sagra, 1831.

AGMAB, Estados de Fuerza y Vida, leg. 2235/19 (s1)


 

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