Dunkirk

276
Nominal Guns60BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered10.4.1750BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1.4.1746BWAS-1714
Named22.11.1748BWAS-1714
Launched22.7.1754BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
Ship ClassDunkirk ClassBWAS-1714
Designed byJoseph Allin (d.1716)BWAS-1714
ConstructorEdward Allin (d.1795)BWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up8.3.1792BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck153' 2"Imperial Feet46.6354 
Length of Keel127' 0"Imperial Feet38.7096 
Breadth42' 9 ½"Imperial Feet12.8143 
Depth in Hold18' 9"Imperial Feet5.515 
Burthen1,236 9394Tons BM 

Armament


22.7.1754Broadside Weight = 474 Imperial Pound ( 214.959 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck24 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1745420Design Complement

6 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
20.1.1755 - 13.6.1757CaptainRichard Howe (1725/26-1799)ODNB13.6.1757 - 11.4.1763CaptainRobert Digby (1732-1815) ADM 6/18/409BWAS-171421.2.1769 - 21.11.1770CaptainWalter Stirling (1718-1786) ADM 6/20/228BWAS-171421.11.1770 - 6.3.1772CaptainStair Douglas (c.1735-1789) ADM 6/20/440
Issued by George Mackenzie (d.1780), Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Commission confirmed 21.4.1772
BWAS-1714
13.7.1778 - 8.5.1779CaptainJohn Chapman (c.1734-?) ADM 6/21/434ADM 6/218.5.1779 - 28.4.1783CaptainJohn Milligan (d.1788) ADM 6/21/553BWAS-1714

4 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
21.2.1769 - 26.5.1770CommodoreArthur Forrest (c.1716-1770)BWAS-17141.8.1770 - 6.3.1772CommodoreGeorge Mackenzie (d.1780) ADM 6/20/285BWAS-17147.1779 - 11.1779Rear-Admiral of the RedFrancis William Drake (1724-1787)BWAS-17141782Vice-Admiral of the RedLord Molyneaux Shuldham (Baron Shuldham) (1717-1798)BWAS-1714

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1759 - 12.1760MidshipmanThe Hon. William Cornwallis (1744-1819)ref:676

Service History


DateEventSource
12.7.1750Re-orderedBWAS-1714
5.8.1754Completed at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £20379.4.8dBWAS-1714
1.1755Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
2.1755Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £6056.12.1dBWAS-1714
22.4.1755Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
6.6.1755Action of 6-8 June 1755
8.6.1755Took the Ship of the Line L'Alcide (64)
11.1756In the Channel IslandsBWAS-1714
28.5.1757Took the Ship La Saxonne (16)
9.6.1757Took the Ship Le Comte de Gramont (36) off Bordeaux
8.1757Took the Sloop Le Merlin (10)
9.1757Rochefort expeditionBWAS-1714
5.9.1757Raid on Rochefort
11.1757Took the Privateer Le Prince de Soubise (14) off Bordeaux
5.6.1758Raid on Saint-Malo
11.11.1758Sailed for West AfricaBWAS-1714
29.12.1758Present at the capture of GoreeBWAS-1714
29.12.1758Capture of Goree
20.11.1759Battle of Quiberon Bay
25.5.1760Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
11.4.1763

Returned home and paid off

BWAS-1714
1.1.1764SurveyedBWAS-1714
6.1768Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
2.1769RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1769Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £18854.15.1dBWAS-1714
6.6.1769Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
6.3.1772

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1772SurveyedBWAS-1714
5.1778Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
7.1778RecommissionedBWAS-1714
9.1778Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £5734.9.2dBWAS-1714
6.1779Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
7.1779Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £2121.10.7dBWAS-1714
12.1779Arrived in Plymouth for harbour serviceBWAS-1714
1782Flagship and receiving ship in PlymouthBWAS-1714
28.4.1783Paid offADM 51
2.1784fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
6.1785Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
7.1785Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
28.10.1785Deleted from the listBWAS-1714
1.4.1791Recovered but not re-registered on the listBWAS-1714
8.3.1792Sold at Plymouth for £500BWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
27.4.1755-4.11.1755Fleet for North AmericaThe Hon. Edward Boscawen (1711-1761) 
16.10.1758-1.3.1759Expedition against Île de GoréeAugustus Keppel (1725-1786) 

Notes on Ship


Original orderBWAS-1714
The Dunkirk was originally ordered on 20th April 1745 to the 1745 establishment draught, but not proceeded upon. A new order was given in 1750 to a lengthened draught.

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ref:676More than Nelson Web Site
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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