Royal William

282
Nominal Guns84BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered1.11.1755BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down29.6.1756BWAS-1714
Launched8.8.1757BWAS-1714
First Commissioned5.4.1757
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPortsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
ConstructorRichard StaceyBWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up8.1813BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck175' 4"Imperial Feet53.3414 
Length of Keel142' 7"Imperial Feet43.2858 
Breadth50' 3"Imperial Feet15.3162 
Depth in Hold20' 1"Imperial Feet6.1214 
Draught Forward14' 3 ½"Tons BM 
Draught Aft16' 4"Tons BM 
Burthen1,918 2294Tons BM 

Armament


4.1757Broadside Weight = 826 Imperial Pound ( 374.591 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 9-Pounder

1782Broadside Weight = 1339 Imperial Pound ( 607.2365 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 68-Pound Carronade
Middle Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1784Broadside Weight = 723 Imperial Pound ( 327.8805 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
4.1757750EstablishmentBWAS-1714
1782650EstablishmentBWAS-1714

11 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
3.6.1757 - 30.1.1758CaptainWittewronge Taylor (c.1719-1760) ADM 6/18/406BWAS-171430.1.1758 - 30.1.1759CaptainThomas Evans (d.1775) ADM 6/18/479BWAS-171430.1.1759 - 2.1763CaptainHugh Pigot (1722-1792) ADM 6/19/29BWAS-17148.1.1771 - 5.1771CaptainSamuel Hood (1724-1816) ADM 6/20/332BWAS-17142.1782 - 2.1783CaptainJohn Carter Allen (1724-1800)BWAS-17145.1790 - 9.1791CaptainGeorge Gayton (1724-1797)BWAS-171412.1792 - 1794CaptainGeorge Gayton (1724-1797)BWAS-17141794 - 1801CaptainFrancis Pickmore (d.1818)BWAS-17149.1803 - 5.1806CaptainJohn Wainwright (d.1810)BWAS-17141.6.1806 - 22.4.1809CaptainThe Hon. Courtnay Boyle (1770-1844)BWAS-17141810 - 1812CaptainRobert HallBWAS-1714

9 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
6.1758 - 10.1758Rear-Admiral of the WhiteSir Charles Hardy (1716-1780)BWAS-17141760Admiral of the BlueThe Hon. Edward Boscawen (1711-1761)BWAS-17145.1790 - 9.1791Vice-Admiral of the RedRobert Roddam (1719-1808)BWAS-171412.1792 - 1799AdmiralSir Peter Parker (1715-1811)BWAS-17141800 - 1801Admiral of the WhiteMark Milbanke (1724-1805)BWAS-17141805 - 7.1807AdmiralGeorge Montagu (1750-1829)BWAS-17147.1807 - 1809Rear-Admiral of the RedSir Isaac Coffin (Baronet ) (1759-1839)BWAS-17141809 - 1810AdmiralSir Roger Curtis (Baronet ) (1746-1816)BWAS-17141812Admiral of the BlueSir Richard Hussey Bickerton (2nd Baronet Bickerton of Upwood) (1759-1832)BWAS-1714

9 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
30.1.1759 - 2.1763First LieutenantGeorge Wood ADM 6/19/29ADM 6/1930.1.1759 - 26.1.1762Second LieutenantWilliam Robinson (d.1782) ADM 6/19/29ADM 6/1930.1.1759 - 2.1763Third LieutenantRichard Trotten (d.1800) ADM 6/19/29ADM 6/1930.1.1759 - 22.2.1759Sixth LieutenantDavid Arthur (c.1736-1789) ADM 6/19/29ADM 6/1922.2.1759 - 9.1.1760Fifth LieutenantDavid Arthur (c.1736-1789) ADM 6/19/141ADM 6/1922.2.1759 - 3.11.1760Sixth LieutenantEdward Knowles (1744-1761) ADM 6/19/141
Issued by Charles Saunders (1713-1775)
Commission confirmed 3.3.1760
ref:849
9.1.1760 - 2.1763Fourth LieutenantDavid Arthur (c.1736-1789) ADM 6/19/125ADM 6/199.1.1760 - 3.11.1760Fifth LieutenantJames Knight (d.1765) ADM 6/19/125ADM 6/193.11.1760 - 11.2.1761Fifth LieutenantEdward Knowles (1744-1761) ADM 6/19/206
Issued by Charles Saunders (1713-1775)
ref:849

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
6.1.1793 - 5.8.1795MasterThomas BushellADM29-1

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1800 - 4.9.1801MidshipmanWilliam Balfour (1781-1846)NBD18498.1811MidshipmanRichard BudgenNBD18495.1814 - 28.5.1815Master's MateDaniel Baird (d.1852)NBD1849

9 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1796 - 1798UnknownWilliam Lenthall Brake (1787-?)NBD18491797 - 8.1798Captain's ServantLucius Curtis (1786-?)NBD184918.6.1803 - 18051st Class VolunteerCharles BasdenNBD184918051st Class VolunteerWilliam BlenkarneNBD18497.3.1805 - 6.18072nd Class VolunteerWilliam Ayling (d.1848)NBD18493.12.1807 - 3.1808LandmanGeorge Henry Ayton (d.1865)NBD184917.9.1808 - 18081st Class VolunteerJames AndersonNBD184912.7.1809 - 7.18111st Class VolunteerCharles Blatchley (1796-?)NBD184931.10.1809 - 3.9.1810Able SeamanGeorge Coulbert (1773-1839)PMD

Service History


DateEventSource
1.11.1755Order to be cut down to her Upper DeckBWAS-1714
29.6.1756Started middling repair and removal of upper works at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
4.1757Commissioned for service with the Channel fleetBWAS-1714
6.1757In the Rochefort expedition until 1757/07BWAS-1714
8.8.1757Changes and repair completed at Portsmouth at a cost of £31,507.18.2dBWAS-1714
23.9.1757With Hawke's fleet at the Isle d'AixBWAS-1714
23.9.1757Attack on Isle d'Aix
5.2.1758Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
27.10.1758Action of 27 October 1758
16.2.1759Sailed for Canada and took part in capture of QuebecBWAS-1714
9.1759Sailed home carrying the body of General WolfeBWAS-1714
1760In Boscawen's fleetBWAS-1714
1760In Hawke's fleetBWAS-1714
1761Expedition to BelleisleBWAS-1714
1762Blockade of Basque RoadsBWAS-1714
1762Took the Privateer Le Baillen (14)
1762Took the Privateer Le Minx (10)
1762Took the Privateer Nuestra Señora del Corlylas (10)
1762Took the Privateer Anama Guiposcoa
2.1763Paid offBWAS-1714
4.1764Started a small repair at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
11.1764Completed small repair at a cost of £9,480.14.5dBWAS-1714
1.1771Started fitting at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1.1771RecommissionedBWAS-1714
2.1771Completed fitting at a cost of £7,923.17.10dBWAS-1714
5.1771Paid offBWAS-1714
2.1782Recommissioned for Lord Howe's relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
3.1782Started fitting for serviceBWAS-1714
8.1782Completed fitting at a cost of £22,992.15.8d, reduced to 80 guns and fitted with a 74's masts and yards
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
2.1783Paid offBWAS-1714
5.1790Commissioned as a receiving ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
9.1791Paid offBWAS-1714
12.1792RecommissionedBWAS-1714
9.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.1803Fitted at Portsmouth at a cost of £14,323BWAS-1714
8.1813Broken up at PortsmouthBWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1782/091782/12Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/19ADM 6/19 Commission and Warrant Book 1758 Nov.-1763 Archive
ref:849A Social History of Midshipmen and Quarterdeck Boys in the Royal Navy, 1761-1831Samantha CavellThesis
ADM29-1ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
PMDPrivate manuscript documents Book
 

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