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Agamemnon

2927
Nominal Guns64B028
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered5.2.1777BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down5.1777BWAS-1714
Acquired10.4.1781B028
ShipyardBuckler's Hard - Hampshire BWAS-1714
Ship ClassArdent Class (1762)B028
Designed by
Sir Thomas SladeBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1744-1783
BWAS-1793
Constructor
Henry AdamsBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1713-1805
BWAS-1793
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the LineB028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Wrecked16.6.1809B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck160' 2"Imperial Feet48.7688 
Length of Keel131' 10 ¾"Imperial Feet39.9479 
Breadth44' 5"Imperial Feet13.443 
Depth in Hold18' 11"Imperial Feet5.4896 
Draught Forward12' 1"Imperial Feet3.6703 
Draught Aft17' 3"Imperial Feet5.1925 
Burthen1,383 5794Tons BM 

Armament


10.4.1781Broadside Weight = 575 Imperial Pound ( 260.7625 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 4-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1794Broadside Weight = 678 Imperial Pound ( 307.473 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1781500Design establishmentBWAS-1793

9 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
28.3.1781 - 10.6.1783Captain
Benjamin CaldwellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1805
ADM 6/22/268
BWAS-1793
31.1.1793 - 10.6.1796Captain
Horatio NelsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1797
ADM 6/24/199
BWAS-1793
6.1796 - 9.1796Captain
John Samuel SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1796
ADM 6/24/112
BWAS-1793
11.1796 - 4.1802Captain
Robert Devereux FancourtBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1825
BWAS-1793
7.1804 - 9.1805Captain
John HarveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1815
BWAS-1793
4.9.1805 - 10.8.1806Captain
Sir Edward BerryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1821
BWAS-1793
6.1806 - 11.1806Commander
Joseph SpearBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1812
BWAS-1793
11.1806 - 1807Captain
William Charles FahieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1783-1830
BWAS-1793
1807 - 16.6.1809Captain
Jonas RoseBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1809
BWAS-1793

11 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1793 - 11.9.1793Lieutenant
Joseph BullenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1841
ref:616
5.10.1795 - 6.1796Lieutenant
James NobleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1846
ODNB
5.11.1795 - 10.6.1796Lieutenant
Edward BerryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1821
ref:616
10.1796Lieutenant
Edward Pelham BrentonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1788-1815
ref:616
3.8.1804 - 29.6.1806Lieutenant
Hugh CookBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1809
NAO
10.8.1804 - 27.10.1806Lieutenant
Samuel ClarkeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1801-1812
NAO
9.12.1804 - 4.6.1806Lieutenant
William CooteBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1840
NAO
6.1.1805 - 28.7.1807Lieutenant
Thomas PintoBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1810
NAO
11.2.1806 - 27.4.1807Lieutenant
John Thomas SadlerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1807
NAO
1.7.1806 - 7.8.1809Lieutenant
Alexander Forsyth ParrBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1809
NAO
24.5.1807 - 12.12.1807Lieutenant
John Thomas SadlerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1807
NAO

12 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
11.6.1796 - 6.5.1799Gunner
Francis HarrisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1811
NAO
20.9.1796 - 25.5.1799Carpenter
William LemonBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1762-1804
Discharged
ADM 29/8
25.12.1796 - 5.1.1800Master
John DuckerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1800
ADM 29-1
3.8.1804 - 23.12.1806Purser
Charles RossBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1806
NAO
28.8.1804 - 7.8.1809Carpenter
George RobinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1813
NAO
26.3.1805 - 22.11.1809Gunner
Archibald FreeburneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1809
NAO
10.9.1805 - 16.4.1806Surgeon
John JemmisonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1806
NAO
23.9.1805 - 7.8.1809Boatswain
Thomas NeedhamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1814
NAO
29.9.1805 - 7.8.1809Sailmaker
John SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1809
NAO
18.10.1805 - 29.10.1805Master
George JonseBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805
NAO
2.3.1807 - 7.8.1809Quartermaster
James RobbBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1809
NAO
2.3.1807 - 7.8.1809Quartermaster
Roger JudsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1809
NAO

29 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1795Midshipman
S E ChethamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1847
ADM 171/8
1797 - 4.1802Midshipman
Philip Henry BridgesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1827
NBD1849
3.8.1804 - 29.9.1807Midshipman
Charles RossBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1815
NAO
12.8.1804 - 15.7.1806Midshipman
Stewart BlackerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1818
NAO
15.8.1804 - 6.8.1809Midshipman
Joseph Chappell WoolnoughBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1828
NAO
19.8.1804 - 4.2.1807Midshipman
Thomas JacksonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1807
NAO
30.8.1804 - 14.7.1806Midshipman
James EmeryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1808
NAO
1.9.1804 - 10.2.1806Master's Mate
John Thomas SadlerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1807
NAO
6.9.1804 - 24.11.1807Midshipman
John Charles CosensBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1807
NAO
21.9.1804 - 4.1.1807Midshipman
William WatkinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1807
NAO
25.9.1804 - 31.7.1805Master's Mate
Thomas BagnallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1807
NAO
28.10.1804 - 30.11.1805Midshipman
Charles StewartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1805
NAO
1805Midshipman
Henry BotelerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1819
NBD1849
1.8.1805 - 30.9.1805Midshipman
Thomas BagnallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1807
NAO
16.8.1805 - 1.10.1805Midshipman
John ReeveBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1808
NAO
1.10.1805 - 4.1.1807Master's Mate
Thomas BagnallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1807
NAO
2.10.1805 - 1.3.1807Midshipman
James RobbBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1809
NAO
2.10.1805 - 1.3.1807Midshipman
Roger JudsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1809
NAO
2.10.1805 - 2.3.1807Midshipman
Robert JeffryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1809
NAO
2.10.1805 - 14.7.1806Master's Mate
John ReeveBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1808
NAO
9.10.1805 - 26.12.1807Midshipman
Charles Alexander JohnstonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1815
NAO
10.10.1805 - 9.6.1806Midshipman
Charles LambBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1806
NAO
29.10.1805 - 10.2.1806Midshipman
Alexander Forsyth ParrBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1809
NAO
11.2.1806 - 30.6.1806Master's Mate
Alexander Forsyth ParrBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1809
NAO
16.7.1806 - 19.4.1809Master's Mate
Stewart BlackerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1818
NAO
3.3.1807 - 7.8.1809Master's Mate
Robert JeffryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1809
NAO
1808 - 1810Midshipman
John Courtnay BluettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1807-1815
NBD1849
3.8.1808 - 7.8.1808Midshipman
Charles Alexander JohnstonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1815
NAO
7.8.1809Master's Mate
Joseph Chappell WoolnoughBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1828
NAO

10 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
24.2.1793 - 15.3.1793Captain's Servant
Thomas Mears HaileBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1788-1795
ADM 29/8
21.9.1804 - 1.10.1805Ordinary Seaman
Roger JudsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1809
NAO
24.9.1804 - 1.10.1804Able Seaman
Robert JeffryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1809
NAO
4.10.1804 - 18051st Class Volunteer
Henry BotelerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1819
NBD1849
23.9.1805 - 1.10.1805Able Seaman
James RobbBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1809
NAO
29.9.1805 - 9.10.1805Ordinary Seaman
Charles LambBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1806
NAO
8.10.18051st Class Volunteer
Charles Alexander JohnstonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1815
NAO
11.1.1807 - 13.3.1807Able Seaman
William WatkinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1807
NAO
2.4.1807 - 18082nd Class Boy
John Courtnay BluettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1807-1815
NBD1849
8.8.1808 - 7.8.1809Able Seaman
Charles Alexander JohnstonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1815
NAO

Service History


DateEventSource
3.1781First commissionedBWAS-1793
10.4.1781Completed at Buckler's Hard - Hampshire at a cost of £24415.7.0dBWAS-1714
15.4.1781Began coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
9.7.1781Completed coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £13844.5.10dBWAS-1714
12.12.17812nd Battle of Ushant
6.2.1782Sailed for the Leeward islandsBWAS-1714
12.4.1782Battle of the Saintes
21.7.1782Sailed to AmericaBWAS-1714
6.1783Sailed home to pay offBWAS-1714
10.6.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1793
10.1783Began small repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
6.1784Completed small repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £12593.0.9dBWAS-1714
10.1790Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
11.1790Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £504.9.6dBWAS-1714
11.1790Began middling repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
8.1791Completed middling repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £12110.0.0dBWAS-1714
1.1793Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
31.1.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
3.1793Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £4882.0.0dBWAS-1714
4.5.1793Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
1794In the Mediterranean fleetBWAS-1793
13.3.1795In actionBWAS-1793
14.3.1795Action off Genoa
13.7.1795In actionBWAS-1793
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
1796Operations off VadoBWAS-1793
25.4.1796At Loano BayBWAS-1793
31.5.1796Convoy off OnagliaBWAS-1793
31.5.1796Action of 1796-05-31
9.1796Paid offBWAS-1793
10.1796refitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £10623.0.0dBWAS-1714
11.1796RecommissionedBWAS-1793
5.3.1800Took the Brig
La Sophie 1800-1800
French Privateer Brig
ref:692
2.4.1801Battle of Copenhagen
4.1802Paid offBWAS-1793
4.1802Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
7.1804Recommissioned for the Channel fleetBWAS-1793
9.1804Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £17695.0.0dBWAS-1714
22.7.18053rd Battle of Cape Finisterre
9.1805refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £51290.0.0dBWAS-1714
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
6.2.1806Action of San Domingo
24.3.1806Took the Brig-Corvette
Le Lutin (16) 1804-1806
French 16 Gun
Unrated Brig-Corvette
off Martinique

30.3.1806Took the Schooner
La Dame Ernouf (16) 1806-1806
French 16 Gun
Privateer Schooner
BG
8.1807In the Copenhagen expeditionBWAS-1793
15.8.1807Second Battle of Copenhagen
1.1.1808Sailed for the Tagus and then to South AmericaBWAS-1793
16.6.1809Wrecked off Maldonado in the River PlateBWAS-1793


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
7.1782-1783Pigot's Fleet to America  
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by F.F. on Sunday 22nd of January 2023 13:41

To Kurt Loewe:

Sorry, that's the first time I read that pqge. I hope you already found the answer to the question, which is: when a ship has more than one gun-deck, her gun-deck lenght is always that of the lower deck.

The Agamemnon was a very good sailer. Captain (and vice-admiral to-be) Horatio Nelson said she sailed better than any other ship in the fleet she was a part of in 1793-1796 (British fleet in Mediterranean Sea), and was «the finest ship [he] ever sailed in».

The Agamenon belonged to the Ardent-class, built on the lines of a French line-of-battle ship, le Fougueux, taken in 1747 (in a self-sacrifying struggle to protect a merchant fleet), the second of a class of three built in Brest (le Lys, launched in 1746; le Fougueux and le Dragon, both launched in 1747), designed by Jacques-Luc Coulomb, who later made an even better 64-gun ship, le Bizarre (1751-1782, wrecked in the Indian Ocean). Jacques-Luc Coulomb was the best of the excellent naval engineers in the time of Louis XV, yet his ships were to be outclassed by those of Jacques-Noël Sané (built under Louis XVI, the Revolution, Napoléon, and in fact until the end of the sail age).

If the Agamemnon was the finest ship in the fleet in which Nelson stood out in 1793-1796, the finest ships he ever saw were, he said, some of the French ones he saw in Toulon in 1793 (some of the ships there had been designed by Sané, for exemple the 118/120-gun ship of the line le Commerce-de-Marseille).

With the Agamemnon, Nelson succeeded to take a much larger ship in 1795: le Ça-Ira (name given from a revolutionary song), formerly la Couronne («the Crown»), which had been dismasted and couldn't escape. Such a ship was as heavily gunned and as large (or larger) than any British three-decker. Nelson said he had never seen such a two-decker, looking to him large enough to receive the Agamemnon in her hold.

Jacques-Luc Coulomb's Lys-class line-of-battle ship had a displacement of some 2100t (SI), a «port» (weight of everyone and everything on board, except the hull itself) of some 1100 «tonneaux de poids» (c. 1000-1100t or long tons), and a burthen of some 1400 tons. A French 80-gun ship of the line ranged from 2140 to some 2400 tons burthen, and maybe from 3400 to some 4000t in displacement.


Posted by Kurt Loewe on Tuesday 17th of January 2017 10:58

Hello,

I have a question about the decks. I know a ships length is measured by her gun deck. Which deck is that in the case of 2 or 3 decks ( upper, lower, middle)?

thanks,
Kurt


Posted by Niek van Diepen on Tuesday 8th of September 2015 09:44

My 2014 reprint of the second (revised) edition of BWAS-1793 gives as armament LD 26x24pdr, UD 26x18pdr, QD 10x9pdr, Fc 2x9pdr (Broadside Weight 600 Lb), augmented by 2x24pdr carronades on the Fc and 6x18pdr carronades on the Roundhouse in the 1794 establishment (so probably installed at the refit in 1796) for an extra 78 Lb per broadside. So the armament with 32pdr carronades or the reference seems incorrect.


Posted by Carol Woolnough on Saturday 15th of August 2015 14:07

Any info on Midshipman Joseph Chappell Woolnough please?


Posted by Brian on Saturday 24th of May 2014 21:55

Agamememnon, Benjamin Caldwell Esq. Commander, at sea, the 23rd day of December 1781.- Ship Marchais, M. Dugay master, 350 tons bound from Bourdeaux to Martinico, laden with 15 large cables from 16 to 24 inches, cordage, wine, 300 barrels of gun powder, flour, provisions, sundry kinds of linen.

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