Bienfaisant

303
Nominal Guns64
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'Bienfaisant' (1754) (64)
Captured25.7.1758
First Commissioned26.7.1758
ShipyardBrest - Brittany NNF-1715
ConstructorJean GeoffroyNNF-1715
CategoryThird Rate
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up11.1814

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck153' 9"Imperial Feet46.6387 
Length of Keel129' 1 ½"Imperial Feet39.3319 
Breadth44' 6"Imperial Feet13.4493 
Depth in Hold19' 4 ¼"Imperial Feet5.7976 
Burthen1,360 794Tons BM 

Armament


1759Broadside Weight = 510 Imperial Pound ( 231.285 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1759500 BWAS-1714

13 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
26.7.1758 - 15.8.1763CaptainGeorge Balfour (c.1720-1794) ADM 6/19/21BWAS-17146.11.1776 - 23.1.1780CaptainJohn Macbride (c.1735-1800) ADM 6/21/228BWAS-171423.1.1780 - 6.3.1780CaptainHugh Seymour Conway (d.1801) ADM 6/22/133
Issued by Sir George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Commission confirmed 19.5.1780
ADM 6/22
6.3.1780 - 8.1.1781CaptainJohn Macbride (c.1735-1800) ADM 6/22/96ADM 6/229.1.1781 - 2.3.1782CaptainRichard Brathwaite (c.1728-1805) ADM 6/22/226ADM 6/222.3.1782 - 4.3.1783CaptainJohn Howorth (c.1729-1801) ADM 6/22/417BWAS-17147.1794 - 1800LieutenantEdward CollingwoodBWAS-17141801 - 9.1801LieutenantWilliam BeviansBWAS-17146.1803 - 5.1804LieutenantGeorge BroadBWAS-171415.1.1808 - 24.12.1811LieutenantWilliam Henry BoyceBWAS-17145.1808 - 1808LieutenantRobert BrowneBWAS-17141812 - 1814LieutenantJames Milne (d.1794)BWAS-17141814 - 11.1814LieutenantArchibald M'DonaldBWAS-1714

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1782 - 3.1783Rear-Admiral of the RedSir John Lockhart (6th Baronet Lockhart-Ross of Carstairs) (1721-1790)BWAS-1714

Service History


DateEventSource
17.11.1758

Surveyed

BWAS-1714
1.1759Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
10.4.1759Purchased at Unknown at a cost of £13636.6.0dBWAS-1714
5.1759Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £8645.8.11dBWAS-1714
4.4.1760

Sailed for the Leeward Islands

BWAS-1714
30.11.1761

Sailed for the Mediterranean after returning home

BWAS-1714
15.8.1763

Sailed home to pay off

BWAS-1714
9.9.1763

Surveyed

BWAS-1714
3.1768Began great repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
29.1.1769

Surveyed

BWAS-1714
6.1771Completed great repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £22482.0.0dBWAS-1714
5.1777fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
3.6.1777Sailed with a convoy to MadeiraBWAS-1714
28.8.1777Took the Frigate American Tartar (24)
3.1778Began refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
4.1778Completed refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £5460.5.4dBWAS-1714
5.1778Began making good defects at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
4.1779Began coppering and fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
6.1779Completed coppering and fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £6132.11.11dBWAS-1714
9.1779Sailed to the relief of GuernseyBWAS-1714
8.1.1780Attack on the Caracas Convoy
16.1.1780Battle of Cape St. Vincent
13.3.1780Sailed to the relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
7.1780Completed making good defects at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £9826.3.6dBWAS-1714
12.4.1781Arrived off GibraltarBWAS-1714
5.8.1781Battle of Dogger Bank
9.1781Took the Privateer La Comtesse d'Artois
3.1782Began refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
4.1782Completed refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £5232.3.1dBWAS-1714
15.5.1782In the DownsBWAS-1714
9.1782Sailed to the relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
2.1783Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
4.3.1783

Paid off

ADM 51
7.1783Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
7.1794Refitted as a Unrated Prison Ship
9.1801Paid off into ordinaryBWAS-1714
6.1803Recommissioned as a prison shipBWAS-1714
19.12.1809

Paid off

ADM 51
11.1814Broken up at PlymouthBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
9.1782-12.1782Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799) 

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
NNF-1715Nomenclature des Navires Français de 1715 à 1774Alain DemerliacBook
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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