Centaur

306
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'Le Centaure' (1757) (74)
Captured18.8.1759BWAS-1714
First Commissioned8.4.1760
ShipyardToulon - Provence BWAS-1714
Ship ClassHector Class
Designed byJoseph-Marie-Blaise Coulomb (1728-1803)BWAS-1714
ConstructorJoseph-Marie-Blaise Coulomb (1728-1803)NNF-1715
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Foundered21.9.1782BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck175' 8"Imperial Feet53.3427 
Length of Keel148' 3 ¼"Imperial Feet45.1168 
Breadth47' 5"Imperial Feet14.3437 
Depth in Hold20' 0"Imperial Feet6.096 
Burthen1,77 1994Tons BM 

Armament


18.8.1759Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
25.4.1760550Design Complement

10 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
8.4.1760 - 6.12.1763CaptainArthur Forrest (c.1716-1770) ADM 6/19/155BWAS-171428.3.1770 - 25.10.1770CaptainRobert Hughes (d.1774) ADM 6/20/274ADM 6/2025.10.1770 - 26.10.1773CaptainJohn Albert Bentinck (1737-1775) ADM 6/20/304BWAS-171426.10.1773 - 26.10.1776CaptainWilliam Brereton (1728-1800) ADM 6/20/524BWAS-171426.10.1776 - 14.2.1778CaptainRichard Hughes (c.1724-1812) ADM 6/21/222BWAS-171414.2.1778 - 31.3.1779CaptainPhilips Cosby (1729-1808) ADM 6/21/367BWAS-171412.4.1779 - 30.4.1781CaptainJohn Neale Pleydell Nott (c.1732-1781)† ADM 6/21/540ADM 6/212.5.1781 - 31.1.1782CaptainEdward Tyrrel Smith ADM 6/22/307
Issued by George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Commission confirmed 3.7.1781
ADM 6/22
9.5.1781 - 21.3.1782CaptainCharles Fitzgerald (1756-1810) ADM 6/22/496
Issued by George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Commission confirmed 16.7.1782
ADM 6/22
21.3.1782 - 24.9.1782CaptainJohn Nicholson Inglefield (1748-1828)BWAS-1714

3 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
26.1.1774 - 25.8.1774Third LieutenantJohn Reynolds (d.1793) ADM 6/21/11ADM 6/2125.8.1774 - 6.11.1775Second LieutenantJohn Reynolds (d.1793) ADM 6/21/43ADM 6/216.11.1775 - 20.4.1778First LieutenantJohn Reynolds (d.1793) ADM 6/21/134ADM 6/21

1 Passenger


DatesRankNameSource
9.1782 - 21.9.1782CaptainGeorge Augustus Keppel (d.1782)BWAS-1714

Service History


DateEventSource
6.11.1759Began fitting at UnknownBWAS-1714
7.1.1760Purchased at Unknown at a cost of £18625.17.11dBWAS-1714
30.5.1760Completed fitting at a cost of £14197.8.0dBWAS-1714
5.6.1761Took the Third Rate Ship of the Line Sainte Anne (64) on the Jamaica station
6.6.1762Operations against Havana
6.12.1763

Paid off

ADM 51
2.1769Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
3.1770Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £24332.4.10dBWAS-1714
10.1770fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £5797.3.9dBWAS-1714
7.1771Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
9.1771Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £2080.2.7dBWAS-1714
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
31.12.1779Affair of Fielding and Bylandt
3.1780Began coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
4.1780Completed coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6660.4.10dBWAS-1714
29.4.1781Battle of Fort Royal
5.9.1781Battle of the Chesapeake
25.1.1782Battle of Saint Kitts
12.4.1782Battle of the Saintes
21.9.1782Foundered in a Hurricane on the passage Home from Jamaica, only 12 saved including the captainBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
NNF-1715Nomenclature des Navires Français de 1715 à 1774Alain DemerliacBook
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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