Temeraire

307
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'Le Téméraire' (1749) (74)
Named26.3.1760BWAS-1714
Captured18.8.1759BWAS-1714
First Commissioned9.10.1760
ShipyardToulon BWAS-1714
Ship ClassTéméraire Class
ConstructorFrançois Coulomb (1653/54-1716/17)NNF-1715
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Sold10.6.1784BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck169' 2"Imperial Feet51.5119 
Length of Keel137'' 2 ⅜"Imperial Feet41.7671 
Breadth48' 0 ¾"Imperial Feet14.6495 
Depth in Hold20' 9 ½"Imperial Feet6.1087 
Burthen1,685 8094Tons BM 

Armament


18.8.1759Broadside Weight = 790 Imperial Pound ( 358.265 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle6 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1760600 BWAS-1714

4 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
9.10.1760 - 8.9.1762CaptainMatthew Barton (1716-1795) ADM 6/19/201BWAS-17148.9.1762 - 10.8.1763CaptainRichard Bickerton (1727-1792) ADM 6/19/542
Issued by George Pocock (1705/6-1792), East Indies
Commission confirmed 3.10.1763
ODNB
14.11.1764 - 19.11.1767CaptainThomas Graves (1725-1802) ADM 6/20/58BWAS-171419.11.1767 - 22.5.1771CaptainSir Edward Le Cras (c.1718-1784) ADM 6/20/184BWAS-1714

Service History


DateEventSource
4.2.1760Sureveyed at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
26.3.1760Purchased at Unknown at a cost of £11175.19.9dBWAS-1714
16.5.1760Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
9.2.1761Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £11574.13.7dBWAS-1714
16.10.1761Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
7.1.1762Operations against Martinique
4.1762Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
6.6.1762Operations against Havanna
10.8.1763

Paid off

BWAS-1714
9.9.1763SurveyedBWAS-1714
8.1764Began small repair at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
10.1764Completed small repair at Plymouth Dockyard at a cost of £5761.10.2dBWAS-1714
11.1764Recommissioned as a guard ship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
2.1769Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
5.1769Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard at a cost of £3239.11.6dBWAS-1714
1770Carried 12th Foot to Gibraltar and returned with the 20th FootBWAS-1714
22.5.1771

Paid off

ADM 51
28.11.1771SurveyedBWAS-1714
1772Listed as a guard ship at Plymouth, but not commissionedBWAS-1714
1773Listed as a guard ship at Plymouth, but not commissionedBWAS-1714
1774Listed as a guard ship at Plymouth, but not commissionedBWAS-1714
1782Refitted as a Unrated Floating Battery
10.6.1784Sold at Plymouth for £550BWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
NNF-1715Nomenclature des Navires Français de 1715 à 1774Alain DemerliacBook
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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