Essex

313
Nominal Guns64BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered13.12.1758BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down31.1.1759BWAS-1714
Named13.8.1760BWAS-1714
Launched28.8.1760BWAS-1714
First Commissioned20.1.1761
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardRotherhithe - London - Surrey BWAS-1714
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
Constructor Wells & BronsdonBWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Sold22.8.1799BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck158' 1 ¼"Imperial Feet48.1648 
Length of Keel129' 9"Imperial Feet39.3271 
Breadth44' 2"Imperial Feet13.4239 
Depth in Hold18' 10"Imperial Feet5.4864 
Burthen1,346 2794Tons BM 

Armament


28.8.1760Broadside Weight = 600 Imperial Pound ( 272.1 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1794Broadside Weight = 678 Imperial Pound ( 307.473 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
26.1.1759470Design Complement
1761500 BWAS-1714
1794491 BWAS-1714

3 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
21.1.1761 - 27.1.1763CaptainAlexander Schomberg (c.1726-1804) ADM 6/19/268BWAS-17146.5.1763 - 26.12.1763CaptainLucius O'Brien (d.1771) ADM 6/19/493BWAS-171426.12.1763 - 22.7.1766CaptainGeorge Falconer (c.1725-1780) ADM 6/19/558BWAS-1714

Service History


DateEventSource
9.1760Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
6.10.1760Completed at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £21742.10.9dBWAS-1714
6.10.1760Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £7915.7.2dBWAS-1714
29.3.1761Expedition against Belle-Isle
11.1761Sternpost copperedBWAS-1714
7.3.1762Took the Privateer L'Espérance (4) BG
8.3.1762Took the Privateer Le Bien Aimé (4)
8.3.1762Took the Privateer Romaine (20)
20.3.1762Took the Privateer L'Augustin
27.1.1763

Paid off

ADM 51
5.1763Recommissioned as a guard shipBWAS-1714
6.1763fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
22.9.1764Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
5.1766Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
22.7.1766

Paid off

BWAS-1714
12.1766Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £5157.8.3dBWAS-1714
1.1777Refitted as a Unrated Receiving Ship
1.1777fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
7.1778Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
8.1778Refitted as a Unrated Hulk
8.1778Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
11.1783Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
2.1784Refitted as a Unrated Receiving Ship
2.1784Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
BGThe London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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