Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'Le Courageux' (1753) (74)
First Commissioned25.7.1776
ShipyardBrest - Brittany BWAS-1714
Designed byJean GeoffroyBWAS-1714
ConstructorJean GeoffroyNNF-1715
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck172' 3"Imperial Feet52.4267 
Length of Keel140' 1 ⅛"Imperial Feet42.6752 
Breadth48' 0 ⅜"Imperial Feet14.6399 
Depth in Hold20' 10 ½"Imperial Feet6.1087 
Burthen1,721 3094Tons BM 


1761Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)W033
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

9 Commanding Officers

25.7.1776 - 7.2.1778CaptainSamuel Hood (1724-1816) ADM 6/21/203BWAS-17147.2.1778 - 1.4.1783CaptainLord Constantine John Phipps (2nd Baron Mulgrave) (1744-1792) ADM 6/21/363BWAS-17145.1790 - 2.1791CaptainGeorge Countess (1743-1811)BWAS-171410.5.1790 - 16.2.1791CaptainAlan Gardner (1742-1809) ADM 6/24/26BWAS-171416.2.1791 - 10.9.1791CaptainAlan Gardner (1742-1809) ADM 6/24/107ADM 6/2429.1.1793 - 13.9.1793CaptainWilliam Waldegrave (1753-1825) ADM 6/24/198BWAS-171413.9.1793 - 5.1795CaptainJohn Mathews (d.1798) ADM 6/24/297BWAS-17145.1795 - 1796CaptainBenjamin Hallowell (1761-1834)BWAS-17141796 - 10.12.1796LieutenantJohn BurrowsBWAS-1714

2 Commissioned Officers

2.1793 - 1796LieutenantJohn Bligh (1770-1831)ref:61618.2.1794 - 6.1794LieutenantJames Katon (1770-1845)NBD1849

1 Warrant Officer

1795CarpenterEdward ChurchillADM 171/8

3 Petty Officers

9.1.1779 - 3.1780MidshipmanCharles Dashwood (1765-1847)EWIKI11.5.1793 - 24.5.1794MidshipmanThomas Coleman (1769-1815)NAO25.5.1794 - 17.2.1797Master's MateThomas Coleman (1769-1815)NAO

2 Crewmen

26.2.1793 - 10.5.1793Able SeamanThomas Coleman (1769-1815)NAO1795Ordinary SeamanJoseph BlomfieldADM 171/8

Service History

2.2.1762Purchased at Unknown at a cost of £9797.16.4dBWAS-1714
17.2.1762Established as a 74-gun Third rateBWAS-1714
8.7.1762Began large repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
14.6.1764Completed large repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £22380.11.4dBWAS-1714
1.1772Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
7.1773Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £16420.19.10dBWAS-1714
7.1776First commissioned as a guard shipBWAS-1714
11.1776fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £10132.6.2dBWAS-1714
7.1.1778Encounter between Belle-Poule and two british 74
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
4.1779Began coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
5.1779Completed coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £7468.7.0dBWAS-1714
31.12.1779Affair of Fielding and Bylandt
13.3.1780Took the Privateer Frigate Le Monsieur (38) ref:692
4.1.1781Took the Fifth Rate Frigate La Minerve (32)
12.12.17812nd Battle of Ushant
4.1782refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £8547.17.7dBWAS-1714

Paid off

6.1787Began great repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
7.1789Completed great repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £30369.13.4dBWAS-1714

Paid off

11.5.1793Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1.10.1793In attack on FoorneilleBWAS-1714
14.3.1795Action off Genoa
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
10.12.1796Wrecked in a gale on the coast of Morocco losing 464 drowned, 129 were savedBWAS-1714

FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1782/091782/12Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)


BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
NNF-1715Nomenclature des Navires Français de 1715 à 1774Alain DemerliacBook
W033Vaisseaux de Ligne Francais de 1682 a 1767Ronald DeschenesWeb Site
ADM 6/24ADM 6/24 Commission and Warrant Book 1789 Sep.-1793  Archive
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ADM 171/8ADM 171/8 Surviving officers and men entitled to clasps of the Naval GSM for actions from 1793 -1827British AdmiraltyDocument
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
ref:692Base de donnés sur les capitaines corsaires , les navires et les armateursJJ SaleinWeb Site

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