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Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Keel Laid Down25.8.1760BWAS-1714
First Commissioned6.10.1763BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
Ship ClassRamillies Class (1760)BWAS-1714
Designed by
Sir Thomas SladeBritish
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1744-1783
Edward AllinBritish
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1750-1767
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 8"Imperial Feet51.2094 
Length of Keel138' 2"Imperial Feet42.0637 
Breadth46' 11 ⅜"Imperial Feet14.0303 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Burthen1,619 8194Tons BM 


10.1763Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource

13 Ship Commanders

6.10.1763 - 19.3.1764Captain
Philip Tufton PercevalBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1781
Transfered ADM 6/19/543
19.3.1764 - 19.11.1764Captain
The Hon. Raby VaneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1757-1768
ADM 6/20/16
19.11.1764 - 19.11.1767Captain
William Saltern WillettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1770
ADM 6/20/60
19.11.1767 - 18.10.1770Captain
Richard EdwardsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1794
Transfered ADM 6/20/184
23.10.1770 - 17.6.1771Captain
Joseph KnightBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1775
ADM 6/20/304
15.9.1773 - 11.3.1775Captain
Thomas EvansBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1775
ADM 6/20/515
11.3.1775 - 6.5.1775Captain
George MackenzieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1779
ADM 6/21/79
6.5.1775 - 8.8.1775Commodore
Sir Edward VernonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1735-1794
ADM 6/21/90
8.8.1775 - 29.4.1777Commodore
George MackenzieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1779
ADM 6/21/110
ADM 6/21
29.4.1777 - 31.3.1779Captain
Robert DigbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1752-1805
ADM 6/21/282
31.3.1779 - 27.2.1781Captain
John MoutrayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1783
ADM 6/21/533
27.2.1781 - 28.2.1782Captain
John CowlingBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1758-1783
Transfered ADM 6/22/534
Issued by
Sir Peter ParkerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1799
, Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Confirmed 23.10.1782
28.2.1782 - 21.9.1782Captain
Sylverius MoriartyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1808
ADM 6/23/25

2 Flag Officers

1782 - 7.1782Rear-Admiral of the Red
Joshua RowleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1787
7.1782 - 21.9.1782Rear-Admiral of the White
Thomas GravesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1802
ADM 107/3/474

2 Commissioned Officers

18.10.1763 - 2.4.1764First Lieutenant
Robert KerrBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1748
Transfered ADM 6/19/545
ADM 6/19
24.10.1766 - 26.10.1769Second Lieutenant
Mathew AndersonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1775
ADM 6/20/141
ADM 6/20

1 Crewman

18.6.1764 - 6.2.1765Able Seaman
William ForsterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1758-1769

Service History

5.1763Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
10.1763Commissioned as guard ship at ChathamBWAS-1714
11.1763Completed at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £36536.4.3dBWAS-1714
11.1763Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £6823.15.6dBWAS-1714
1765Guard ship at SheernessBWAS-1714

Paid off

3.1772Began middling repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
9.1773Commissioned as guard ship at ChathamBWAS-1714
10.1773Completed middling repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £22147.3.11dBWAS-1714
9.1777Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
10.1777Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £3979.19.10dBWAS-1714
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
11.1778Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
2.1779Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £9681.10.10dBWAS-1714
1.1780Began coppering at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
2.1780Completed coppering at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £8181.10.4dBWAS-1714
5.1780Began repairs at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
7.1780Completed repairs at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £8181.10.4dBWAS-1714
29.7.1780Sailed as escort to a convoy for the East and West IndiesBWAS-1714
9.8.1780Lost most of convoy in encounter with the combined fleetBWAS-1714
1781At JamaicaBWAS-1714
25.7.1782Sailed for home with a convoyBWAS-1714
21.9.1782Abandoned and burnt off Newfoundland after being damaged by stormsBWAS-1714


Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Thursday 10th of April 2014 13:15

Edinburgh Advertiser, May 23, 1780
Extract of a letter from an officer on board the Ramilli, man of war, to his father in Edinburgh, dated Hamoaze, Plymouth, May 12.
Our squadron has been very unlucky in waiting for winds, and our ship in particular most unfortunate. We lay at Torbay till the 8th inst. when our ship was ordered round to Plymouth. We weighed the 8th at midnight and turned down. On the 9th the wind coming to blow very hard at S.S.W. we could not clear the land on either tack; we accordingly were obliged to run in, it blowing then a very hard gale. The gale still increasing, a very heavy sea breaking over us, at about one o'clock the 9th inst, A.M. the Biensaisant, having parted one of her cables, drove and kept firing guns of distress. At about three quarters past one A.M. we parted our best bower and drove. We the let go our fleet anchor, but to no effect. Still driving inwards towards the rocks, still we drove foul of the Biensaisant, and carried away her head and bowsprit with our quarter. She immediately cut away all her masts, which luckily fell clear of us and the sea hove us clear of her; but to our great mortification, found our ship strike very heavy abast.

We the cut away all our masts, which went over the side, tearing everything before them with a crash too horrible to anyone who was not an eye witness to conceive. There we lay for two hours and a half expecting every thump she took would send her in pieces. and there was nothing but death and destruction before us; in the mean time we were deployed at the pumps and staving all thhe casks in the hold. At 4 o'clock A.M. the flood tide began to make, and the gale rather abating we brought to our fleet cable, and hove her som fathoms off, and it rather eased her thumping and as the tide made she got afloat, and the gale decreasing, we got assistance from the yard. It was very lucky for us it was dead low water when we went on, stern foremost; had she gone on broadside to it, she would have upset and gone to pieces instantly and not a sole could have been saved as it is all high sharpe rocks, with breakers as high as the mast head. She makes so much water that we can just keep her free making upwards of six foot an hour. She is now a mere wreck, and will need a very great repair. We have got her this morning warped into Hamoaze, and will proceed to clear her for docking. It is conjectured, as she will be so long in repairing, that we will be turned over to another ship, but we are not certain. What is very lucky, there was not a man hurt, but we are all much fatigued.

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