Ramillies

320
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered1.12.1759BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down25.8.1760BWAS-1714
Named28.10.1760BWAS-1714
Launched25.4.1763BWAS-1714
First Commissioned6.10.1763
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship ClassRamillies Class
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorEdward Allin (d.1795)BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Scuttled21.9.1782BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 8"Imperial Feet51.2094 
Length of Keel138' 2"Imperial Feet42.0637 
Breadth46' 11 ⅜"Imperial Feet14.0303 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Burthen1,619 8194Tons BM 

Armament


10.1763Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
10.1763550EstablishmentBWAS-1714

13 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
6.10.1763 - 19.3.1764CaptainPhilip Tufton Perceval (d.1795) ADM 6/19/543BWAS-171419.3.1764 - 19.11.1764CaptainThe Hon. Raby Vane (d.1769) ADM 6/20/16BWAS-171419.11.1764 - 19.11.1767CaptainWilliam Saltern Willett (d.1769) ADM 6/20/60BWAS-171419.11.1767 - 23.10.1770CaptainRichard Edwards (1715-1795) ADM 6/20/184BWAS-171423.10.1770 - 6.1771CaptainJoseph Knight (d.1775) ADM 6/20/304BWAS-171415.9.1773 - 11.3.1775CaptainThomas Evans (d.1775) ADM 6/20/515BWAS-171411.3.1775 - 6.5.1775CaptainGeorge Mackenzie (d.1780) ADM 6/21/79BWAS-17146.5.1775 - 8.8.1775CommodoreSir Edward Vernon (1723-1794) ADM 6/21/90BWAS-17148.8.1775 - 29.4.1777CommodoreGeorge Mackenzie (d.1780) ADM 6/21/110ADM 6/2129.4.1777 - 31.3.1779CaptainRobert Digby (1732-1815) ADM 6/21/282BWAS-171431.3.1779 - 1781CaptainJohn Moutray (d.1785) ADM 6/21/533BWAS-17141781 - 1782CaptainJohn Cowling (d.1792)BWAS-17141782 - 21.9.1782CaptainSylverius MoriartyBWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1782 - 7.1782Rear-Admiral of the RedJoshua Rowley (1734-1790)BWAS-17147.1782 - 21.9.1782Rear-Admiral of the WhiteThomas Graves (1725-1802)BWAS-1714

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
12.7.1798 - 8.10.1798Acting LieutenantEdward Nathaniel Greensword (1774-1845)PMD

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
18.6.1764 - 6.2.1765Able SeamanWilliam ForsterLPC

Service History


DateEventSource
5.1763Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
10.1763Commissioned as guard ship at ChathamBWAS-1714
11.1763Completed at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £36536.4.3dBWAS-1714
11.1763Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £6823.15.6dBWAS-1714
1765Guard ship at SheernessBWAS-1714
6.1771Paid offBWAS-1714
10.8.1771SurveyedBWAS-1714
3.1772Began middling repair at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
9.1773Commissioned as guard ship at ChathamBWAS-1714
10.1773Completed middling repair at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £22147.3.11dBWAS-1714
9.1777Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
10.1777Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £3979.19.10dBWAS-1714
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
11.1778Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
2.1779Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £9681.10.10dBWAS-1714
1.1780Began coppering at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
2.1780Completed coppering at Plymouth Dockyard at a cost of £8181.10.4dBWAS-1714
5.1780Began repairs at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
7.1780Completed repairs at Plymouth Dockyard at a cost of £8181.10.4dBWAS-1714
29.7.1780Sailed as escort to a convoy for the East and West IndiesBWAS-1714
9.8.1780Lost most of convoy in encounter with the combined fleetBWAS-1714
1781At JamaicaBWAS-1714
25.7.1782Sailed for home with a convoyBWAS-1714
21.9.1782Abandoned and burnt off Newfoundland after being damaged by stormsBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
PMDPrivate manuscript documents Book
LPCLieutenant's Passing Certificate Document
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Thursday 10th of April 2014 13:15

Edinburgh Advertiser, May 23, 1780
Extract of a letter from an officer on board the Ramilli, man of war, to his father in Edinburgh, dated Hamoaze, Plymouth, May 12.
Our squadron has been very unlucky in waiting for winds, and our ship in particular most unfortunate. We lay at Torbay till the 8th inst. when our ship was ordered round to Plymouth. We weighed the 8th at midnight and turned down. On the 9th the wind coming to blow very hard at S.S.W. we could not clear the land on either tack; we accordingly were obliged to run in, it blowing then a very hard gale. The gale still increasing, a very heavy sea breaking over us, at about one o'clock the 9th inst, A.M. the Biensaisant, having parted one of her cables, drove and kept firing guns of distress. At about three quarters past one A.M. we parted our best bower and drove. We the let go our fleet anchor, but to no effect. Still driving inwards towards the rocks, still we drove foul of the Biensaisant, and carried away her head and bowsprit with our quarter. She immediately cut away all her masts, which luckily fell clear of us and the sea hove us clear of her; but to our great mortification, found our ship strike very heavy abast.







We the cut away all our masts, which went over the side, tearing everything before them with a crash too horrible to anyone who was not an eye witness to conceive. There we lay for two hours and a half expecting every thump she took would send her in pieces. and there was nothing but death and destruction before us; in the mean time we were deployed at the pumps and staving all thhe casks in the hold. At 4 o'clock A.M. the flood tide began to make, and the gale rather abating we brought to our fleet cable, and hove her som fathoms off, and it rather eased her thumping and as the tide made she got afloat, and the gale decreasing, we got assistance from the yard. It was very lucky for us it was dead low water when we went on, stern foremost; had she gone on broadside to it, she would have upset and gone to pieces instantly and not a sole could have been saved as it is all high sharpe rocks, with breakers as high as the mast head. She makes so much water that we can just keep her free making upwards of six foot an hour. She is now a mere wreck, and will need a very great repair. We have got her this morning warped into Hamoaze, and will proceed to clear her for docking. It is conjectured, as she will be so long in repairing, that we will be turned over to another ship, but we are not certain. What is very lucky, there was not a man hurt, but we are all much fatigued.

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