Defence

322
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered13.12.1758BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down14.5.1759BWAS-1714
Named19.4.1759BWAS-1714
Launched31.3.1762BWAS-1714
First Commissioned22.2.1770
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
Ship ClassBellona Class
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorIsrael Pownoll (d.1779)BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Wrecked24.12.1811BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 0"Imperial Feet51.2064 
Length of Keel138' 0"Imperial Feet42.0624 
Breadth46' 9"Imperial Feet14.0589 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Draught Forward12' 4"Imperial Feet3.7084 
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 
Burthen1,603 894Tons BM 

Armament


31.3.1762Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
31.1.1758550Design Complement

16 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
22.2.1770 - 29.5.1771CaptainJohn Reynolds (d.1788) ADM 6/20/271BWAS-171412.6.1778 - 8.1.1782CaptainJames Cranston (c.1733-1790) ADM 6/21/423BWAS-17148.1.1782 - 23.12.1783CaptainThomas Newnham (d.1795) ADM 6/22/395BWAS-171423.12.1783 - 18.11.1784CaptainThomas Troubridge (1758-1807) ADM 6/23/287
Issued by Edward Hughes (1720-1794), East Indies - Asia
Commission confirmed 5.7.1785
BWAS-1714
11.1784 - 1.1786CaptainChristopher Halliday (d.1790)BWAS-171418.11.1784 - 1784CaptainAndrew Mitchell (1757-1806) ADM 6/23/492
Issued by Edward Hughes (1720-1794), East Indies - Asia
Commission confirmed 2.12.1788
ADM 6/23
28.8.1790 - 14.12.1790CaptainThe Hon. George Murray (1741-1797) ADM 6/24/63ADM 6/246.5.1793 - 23.9.1794CaptainJames Gambier (1756-1833) ADM 6/24/236BWAS-171423.9.1794 - 1797CaptainThomas Wells (1759-1811) ADM 6/25/88BWAS-17143.1798 - 5.1798CaptainWilliam BrownBWAS-17145.1798 - 11.1798CaptainJohn PeytonBWAS-171411.1798 - 2.1799CommanderThomas StephensonBWAS-17142.1799 - 3.7.1802CaptainHenry Paulet (1767-1832)BWAS-171427.5.1803 - 12.1805CaptainGeorge Johnstone Hope (1767-1818)NAO11.1806 - 2.1811CaptainCharles EkinsBWAS-17142.1811 - 24.12.1811CaptainDavid Atkins (d.1811)BWAS-1714

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
10.1794 - 1794Rear-Admiral of the BlueRobert Man (1745-1813)BWAS-1714

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
16.10.1779 - 3.4.1780Acting CarpenterRichard BryantADM29-1

8 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1794MidshipmanCharles Sibthorp John HawtayneADM 171/81794MidshipmanWilliam Henry Dillon (d.1857)ADM 171/81794MidshipmanThomas ConsittADM 171/81794Master's MateJohn Cook CarpenterADM 171/81794MidshipmanWilliam RattrayADM 171/83.12.1799 - 8.1802MidshipmanJames BrasierNBD18496.1803 - 24.12.1805Master's MateWilliam Buchanan (1777-?)NBD18491804 - 20.2.1805MidshipmanGeorge Guy BurtonNBD1849

14 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1794Ordinary SeamanJohn GarrettADM 171/81794LandmanWilliam SkuceADM 171/81794LandmanStephen GaleADM 171/81794Ordinary SeamanAndrew ScotlandADM 171/81794LandmanHenry EdwardsADM 171/81794LandmanWilliam RidettADM 171/81794LandmanMatthias DwyerADM 171/81794LandmanWilliam HoughtonADM 171/81794Able SeamanRobert DelamaineADM 171/81794Captain's ServantJames HamshireADM 171/81794Able SeamanRobert ChallenorADM 171/81794Quarter GunnerGeorge GoodenoughADM 171/81794Ordinary SeamanJohn WilliamsADM 171/81794LandmanJosiah BellADM 171/8

Service History


DateEventSource
1770Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
3.1770Commissioned as a guardship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
19.10.1770Completed at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £27690.3.4dBWAS-1714
19.10.1770Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £11208.17.11dBWAS-1714
29.5.1771

Paid off

BWAS-1714
6.1778RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1779Channel fleetBWAS-1714
4.1779Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
5.1779Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £4714.17.6dBWAS-1714
8.1.1780Attack on the Caracas Convoy
16.1.1780Battle of Cape St. Vincent
12.4.1781Arrived at Gibraltar as part of the relief fleetBWAS-1714
6.2.1782Sailed for the East IndiesBWAS-1714
20.6.17832nd Battle of Cuddalore
31.1.1786

Paid off

BWAS-1714
14.12.1790

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.6.1794Glorious 1st of June
23.5.1795Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
1.8.1798Battle of the Nile
2.12.1798

Arrived at Gibraltar.

TNC
11.6.1800Her boats took Nochette and other gunboats off QuiberonBWAS-1714
11.6.1800Destroyed, with others, the Therese in Bourgheuf BayBWAS-1714
2.4.1801Battle of Copenhagen
28.9.1801Took the privateer Enfant du Carnaval off the Portugese coastBWAS-1714
28.9.1801Took the Privateer L'Enfant du Carnaval (14)
3.7.1802

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
7.1803Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
31.7.1803Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £10505.0.0dBWAS-1714
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
12.1805Paid offBWAS-1714
4.1806Began large repair at Chatham - Kent BWAS-1714
1.1807Completed large repair at Chatham - Kent at a cost of £24535.0.0dBWAS-1714
8.1807Copenhagen expeditionBWAS-1714
15.8.1807Second Battle of Copenhagen
12.1807Blockade of CadizBWAS-1714
24.12.1811Wrecked on Laland Island off Jutland, 5 survivors out of 530BWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1798/08/141798Saumarez's Squadron 1798Sir James Saumarez (1757-1836)
 

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