Nominal Guns64BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Keel Laid Down15.1.1762BWAS-1714
First Commissioned28.1.1771BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardHessel Cliff - The Humber ref:1326
Ship ClassArdent ClassBWAS-1714
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorHugh Blaydes (1686-?)BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
BecomesFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'L'Ardent' (1779) (64)


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck160' 0"Imperial Feet48.768 
Length of Keel131' 8 ¼"Imperial Feet39.9352 
Breadth44' 4 ½"Imperial Feet13.4239 
Depth in Hold19' 0"Imperial Feet5.7912 
Burthen1,379 3294Tons BM 


13.8.1764Broadside Weight = 600 Imperial Pound ( 272.1 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
1762500Design Complement

9 Commanding Officers

28.1.1771 - 5.3.1771CaptainRichard King (1730-1806) ADM 6/20/344ADM 6/209.9.1773 - 11.1.1774CaptainCharles Douglas (1726/27-1789) ADM 6/20/514BWAS-171411.1.1774 - 12.1.1774CaptainGeorge Mackenzie (d.1780) ADM 6/21/4BWAS-171412.1.1774 - 11.3.1775CommodoreGeorge Mackenzie (d.1780) ADM 6/21/5ADM 6/2111.3.1775 - 2.11.1776CaptainCharles Middleton (1726-1813) ADM 6/21/79ADM 6/216.11.1776 - 26.1.1778CaptainLord Constantine John Phipps (2nd Baron Mulgrave) (1744-1792) ADM 6/21/228BWAS-171426.1.1778 - 18.9.1778CaptainGeorge Keppel ADM 6/21/358BWAS-171418.9.1778 - 11.6.1779CaptainSamuel Wittewronge Clayton (1734-1795) ADM 6/21/517
Issued by Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799), North America
Commission confirmed 3.3.1779
18.6.1779 - 17.8.1779CaptainPhilip Boteler (c.1731-1787) ADM 6/21/572BWAS-1714

1 Flag Officer

23.1.1778 - 11.6.1779Rear-Admiral of the BlueJames Gambier (1723-1789)BWAS-1714

1 Crewman

1.1777 - 1777UnknownRobert Williams (1765-1837)ref:1059

Service History

13.8.1764Began fitting at Kingston upon Hull - Yorkshire - The Humber BWAS-1714
31.8.1764Completed at Kingston upon Hull - Yorkshire - The Humber at a cost of £20992.16.0dBWAS-1714
31.8.1764Completed fitting at Kingston upon Hull - Yorkshire - The Humber at a cost of £36378.13.10dBWAS-1714
1.1771Began middling repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
11.1772Completed middling repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £12436.4.0dBWAS-1714
11.1773fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
1775Guard ship at ChathamBWAS-1714
1775fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
1776fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
2.1777Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
5.1777Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6757.10.6dBWAS-1714
16.3.1778Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
22.7.1778At Sandy HookBWAS-1714
1.1779Returned home and paid offBWAS-1714
1.1779Taken off Plymouth by a Franco-Spanish squadron losing 5 killed and 8 woundedBWAS-1714
6.1779Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
8.1779Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6685.18.6dBWAS-1714
17.8.1779Taken by La Junon (32) FWIKI
17.8.1779Taken by Gentille (32) FWIKI


Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian on Tuesday 29th of December 2015 21:57

Edinburgh Advertiser, Mar. 24, 1780 - Copy of Captain Botelers sentence; The court pursuant to an Order of the Lords of the Admiralty dated February 22, 1780 and directed to John Evans Esq. proceeded to enquire into the cause and circumstances of the capture of his Majesty's late ship the Ardent and try her officers and company for their conduct on that occasion; and having made a strict enquiry into, and duly considered every part of the evidence, also what has been delivered by Capt. Philip Boteler, in his defense are of opinion, that he did not do the utmost to prevent the ship falling into the enemy's hands, therefore adjudged that he should be dismissed fro his Majesty's service; and he is hereby dismissed accordingly. We acquit the other officers and ships company.

Posted by Brian Stephens on Saturday 5th of April 2014 20:17

Edinburgh Advertiser, Feb. 22, 1780
Sir James Wallace and Capt. Boteler, are ordered to be tried for the loss of their ships. The public can easily decide what will be the issue of the trial of the brave Sir James Wallace, but the fate of the Commander of the Ardent is not so clear.

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