Invincible

331
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered12.10.1761BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down12.1761BWAS-1714
Named5.11.1761BWAS-1714
Launched9.3.1765BWAS-1714
First Commissioned11.1776
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship ClassRamillies Class
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorJohn & William WellsBWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Wrecked16.3.1801BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Length of Keel137' 3 ¾"Imperial Feet41.7767 
Breadth47' 3"Imperial Feet14.3365 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Draught Forward12' 5"Imperial Feet3.7211 
Draught Aft17' 3"Imperial Feet5.1925 
Burthen1,630 5994Tons BM 

Armament


11.1776Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
25.4.1760550Design Complement

11 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.11.1776 - 23.1.1778CaptainHyde Parker (1713/14-1783) ADM 6/21/226BWAS-171423.1.1778 - 2.5.1778CaptainJohn Evans (1717-1794) ADM 6/21/356ADM 6/212.5.1778 - 1778CaptainAnthony Parrey (d.1789) ADM 6/21/402BWAS-17141779 - 13.9.1779CaptainJohn Laforey (1729-1796)BWAS-17147.1779 - 4.1780CaptainSamuel Pitchford (1739-1816)BWAS-17144.1780 - 10.1780CaptainGeorge Falconer (d.1780)BWAS-17149.2.1781 - 5.1781CaptainRichard Hussey Bickerton (1759-1832)BWAS-17145.1781 - 1783CaptainCharles Saxton (c.1732-c.1808)BWAS-17145.1793 - 1795CaptainThe Hon. Thomas Pakenham (1757-1836)BWAS-171412.1795 - 1.1801CaptainWilliam Cayley (1742-1801)BWAS-17142.1801 - 16.3.1801CaptainJohn Rennie (d.1801)BWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
5.1778 - 1778CommodoreJohn Evans (1717-1794)BWAS-17142.1801 - 16.3.1801Rear-Admiral of the BlueThomas Totty (d.1802)BWAS-1714

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
20.2.1778 - 15.5.1778First LieutenantDavid Collins (d.1787) ADM 6/21/369ADM1048.1781 - 12.1781LieutenantWilliam Domett (1754-1828)ref:6167.1793 - 2.6.1794LieutenantHenry Blackwood (1770-1832)ref:6161794LieutenantWilliam McGuireADM 171/831.7.1799 - 25.6.1800LieutenantJohn Read BindonNBD184910.1.1801 - 16.3.1801LieutenantCharles Kempthorne Quash (1778-1817)W041

6 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1794ChaplainArthur McGuireref:9241794SurgeonThomas Kenningref:9241794PurserJohn Harmar (1755-1839)ref:9241794GunnerCharles Gattenref:9241794CarpenterThomas Powellref:9241794BoatswainJeremiah McNamararef:924

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
9.1777 - 12.1777MidshipmanRichard Hussey Bickerton (1759-1832)ref:6161794MidshipmanThomas Ussher (1779-1848)ADM 171/815.7.1794 - 1795MidshipmanWilliam Borough (1781-1852)NBD1849

12 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
5.1793 - 10.1795Captain's ServantJohn Nugent (1782-?)NBD18491.8.1793 - 10.1793Able SeamanChristopher William BettyNBD18491794Able SeamanChristopher HanlonADM 171/81794Able SeamanJohn SimpsonADM 171/81794Captain's ServantJohn Myers GreerADM 171/81794Able SeamanHenry PiperADM 171/81794Captain's ServantThomas CookADM 171/81794LandmanThomas PearsonADM 171/81794LandmanThomas BoulkADM 171/81794Able SeamanBenjamin AshleyADM 171/81794LandmanCharles LewisADM 171/81794Captain's CookJames HughesADM 171/8

5 Marines


DatesRankNameSource
1794Lieutenant of MarinesThomas Peersref:9241794Captain of MarinesJames Casselref:9241794PrivateRobert WilliamsADM 171/81794PrivateWilliam WebberADM 171/81794Lieutenant of MarinesAlexander MacKenzie (d.1847)ADM 171/8

Service History


DateEventSource
6.4.1765Moved to Sheerness DYBWAS-1714
1.1777Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
2.1777Completed at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £30879.19.2dBWAS-1714
2.1777Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £11746.7.0dBWAS-1714
8.1.1779Attack on Caraccas shipsBWAS-1714
4.1779Began coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
5.1779Completed coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £8541.2.8dBWAS-1714
8.1.1780Attack on the Caracas Convoy
16.1.1780Battle of Cape St. Vincent
29.11.1780Sailed to the West IndiesBWAS-1714
3.2.1781At St EustatiusBWAS-1714
29.4.1781At encounter off MartiniqueBWAS-1714
29.4.1781Battle of Fort Royal
5.1781At TobagoBWAS-1714
5.9.1781Battle of the Chesapeake
25.1.1782Battle of Saint Kitts
2.1782At Jamaica for a refitBWAS-1714
21.7.1782Sailed to AmericaBWAS-1714
5.9.1782Arrived at New YorkBWAS-1714
24.10.1782Sailed from New YorkBWAS-1714
11.1782Blockade of Cape FrancoisBWAS-1714
2.1783At Puerto CavelloBWAS-1714
19.2.1783Retook the Argo (44) BWAS-1714
2.1784fitting at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
11.1788Began large repair at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
7.1791Completed large repair at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £35333.12.0dBWAS-1714
5.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.6.1794Glorious 1st of June
12.1795RecommissionedBWAS-1714
3.1796refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £9820.0.0dBWAS-1714
21.3.1796Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
1.4.1796Took the Privateer L'Alexandre (10)
16.2.17971797 Capture of Trinidad
8.1799At the capture of SurinamBWAS-1714
11.8.1799Surrender of Surinam
8.1800Returned homeBWAS-1714
12.1800Began making good defects at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
2.1801Completed making good defects at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £15671.0.0dBWAS-1714
16.3.1801Wrecked on the Harborough Sand off Yarmouth with over 400 drownedBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ADM104ADM 104 Officers entitled to Half Pay Document
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
ADM 171/8ADM 171/8 Surviving officers and men entitled to clasps of the Naval GSM for actions from 1793 -1827British AdmiraltyDocument
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
W041Age of Nelson WebsitePatrick MarionéWeb Site
ref:924A Narrative of the Proceedings of His Majesty's Fleet under the Command of Earl HoweA C de PoggiBook
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Louise Watling on Thursday 12th of April 2012 15:00

According to reports at the time of her loss, HMS Invincible sunk after striking Hammond's Knoll.

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