Europa -> 1778 Europe

332
Nominal Guns64BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered16.12.1761BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down2.1762BWAS-1714
Launched21.4.1765BWAS-1714
First Commissioned19.9.1777
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardLepe BWAS-1714
Ship ClassEuropa Class
Designed byWilliam BatelyBWAS-1714
ConstructorHenry Adams (1713-1805)BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up7.1814BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck159' 0"Imperial Feet48.4632 
Length of Keel130' 9"Imperial Feet39.6316 
Breadth44' 4 ½"Imperial Feet13.4239 
Depth in Hold19' 4"Imperial Feet5.8025 
Burthen1,369 4794Tons BM 

Armament


1777Broadside Weight = 600 Imperial Pound ( 272.1 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1794Broadside Weight = 678 Imperial Pound ( 307.473 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
9.1777500EstablishmentBWAS-1714
1794491EstablishmentBWAS-1714

14 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
19.9.1777 - 23.1.1778CaptainTimothy Edwards (1731-1780) ADM 6/21/314BWAS-17147.2.1778 - 7.4.1778CaptainThe Hon. Thomas Windsor (1752-1832) ADM 6/21/364ADM 6/217.4.1778 - 5.5.1778CaptainFrancis Parry (d.1803) ADM 6/21/387BWAS-17145.5.1778 - 15.10.1778CaptainSir Thomas Spry (1754-1828) ADM 6/21/402BWAS-171415.10.1778 - 25.1.1779CaptainRichard King (1730-1806) ADM 6/21/480
Issued by John Montagu (1719-1795), Newfoundland
Commission confirmed 30.11.1778
ADM 6/21
8.2.1779 - 28.4.1779CaptainHugh Seymour Conway (d.1801) ADM 6/21/508ADM 6/212.5.1779 - 8.1780CaptainWilliam Swiney ADM 6/22/41
Issued by Marriot Arbuthnot (1711-1794), North America
Commission confirmed 27.10.1779
BWAS-1714
8.1780 - 4.3.1782CaptainSmith Child (1729-1813)BWAS-17148.1782 - 1783CaptainJohn Thomas Duckworth (1748-1817)BWAS-17141783 - 15.5.1784CaptainArthur Phillip (1738-1814)BWAS-17147.1796 - 23.9.1800LieutenantJohn GardinerBWAS-17149.1801 - 7.3.1802LieutenantThomas DarracottBWAS-171411.1804 - 19.12.1809LieutenantWilliam StyleBWAS-17141814 - 7.1814LieutenantJohn Mills MudgeBWAS-1714

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
4.1778 - 9.1778Vice-AdmiralJohn Montagu (1719-1795)BWAS-1714

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
7.4.1778 - 13.5.1778First LieutenantAbraham Crespin (1731-1786) ADM 6/21/387ref:6761789 - 21.9.1790Acting LieutenantAmelius Beauclerk (1771-1846)NBD1849

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
11.8.1784 - 1.6.1791CarpenterRichard BryantADM29-1

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
6.1778 - 10.1778MidshipmanIsaac Coffin (1759-1839)ref:616

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
16.2.1779 - 17791st Class VolunteerCharles Bullen (1768-1853)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
5.5.1765Completed at Lepe at a cost of £21050.9.9dBWAS-1714
10.1776Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
9.1.1778Renamed EuropeBWAS-1714
3.1778Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £13610.17.10dBWAS-1714
23.5.1779Sailed for NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
16.3.1781Battle of Cape Henry
5.9.1781Battle of the Chesapeake
4.3.1782

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1782Began coppering and fitting at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
8.1782RecommissionedBWAS-1714
9.1782Completed coppering and fitting at Plymouth Dockyard at a cost of £15640.15.5dBWAS-1714
18.1.1783Sailed for the East IndiesBWAS-1714
15.5.1784

Paid off

BWAS-1714
7.1784fitting at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
7.1796RecommissionedBWAS-1714
7.1796Refitted as a Unrated Prison Ship
23.9.1800

Paid off

BWAS-1714
7.3.1802Paid offADM 51
11.1804Recommissioned as a prison ship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
19.12.1809

Paid off

BWAS-1714
7.1814Broken up at PlymouthBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ref:676More than Nelson Web Site
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ADM29-1ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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