Nominal Guns4B028
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
ShipyardKingston upon Hull - Yorkshire - The Humber B028
ConstructorBenjamin Blaydes (1736-1805)B028
CategoryOther VesselsB028
Ship TypeSurvey Vessel B028


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Keel69' 11 ¾"Imperial Feet21.0503 
Breadth24' 4"Imperial Feet7.3406 
Depth in Hold11' 4"Imperial Feet3.4544 
Burthen220Tons BM 


1787Broadside Weight = 10.5 Imperial Pound ( 4.762 kg)BWAS-1714
Gun Deck4 British 4-Pounder
Gun Deck10 British 1/2-Pound Swivel

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource

1 Commanding Officer

8.1787 - 28.4.1789CommanderWilliam Bligh (1754-1817)BWAS-1714

1 Commissioned Officer

2.3.1788 - 28.4.1789Acting LieutenantFletcher Christian (1764-1793)EWIKI

8 Warrant Officers

1787 - 1789SurgeonThomas HugganW0431787 - 1789ArmourerJoseph ColemanW0431787 - 1789BoatswainWilliam ColeW0431787 - 1789Master at armsCharles ChurchillW0431787 - 1789CarpenterWilliam PercellW0431787 - 1789GunnerWilliam PeckoverW0431787 - 1789SailmakerLawrence LeboqueW04320.8.1787 - 1789MasterJohn Fryer (1752-1817)W043

15 Petty Officers

1787 - 1789QuartermasterJohn NortonW0431787 - 1789Surgeon's MateThomas Denman LedwardW0431787 - 1789Carpenter's MateCharles NormanW0431787 - 1789CookThomas HallW0431787 - 1789GardenerDavid NelsonW0431787 - 1789MidshipmanEdward YoungW0431787 - 1789Master's MateWilliam ElphinstoneW0431787 - 1789Boatswain's MateJames Morrison (1760-1807)W0431787 - 1789MidshipmanRobert TinklerW0431787 - 1789Gunner's MateJohn MillsW0431787 - 1789MidshipmanGeorge StewartW0431787 - 1789Carpenter's MateThomas McintoshW0431787 - 1789Captain's ClerkJohn SamuelW0431787 - 1789ArmourerPeter LinkletterW0439.1787 - 2.3.1788Master's MateFletcher Christian (1764-1793)W043

18 Crewmen

1787 - 1789Able SeamanMathew QuintalW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanJames ValentineW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanMichael ByrnW0431787 - 1789Cook's MateWilliam MusprattW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanMathew ThompsonW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanThomas BurkettW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanJohn MillwardW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanJohn SumnerW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanWilliam BrownW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanWilliam MccoyW0431787 - 1789Captain's ServantJohn SmithW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanJohn AdamsW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanIsaac MartinW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanRichard SkinnerW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanRobert LambW0431787 - 1789Quartermaster's MateGeorge SimpsonW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanJohn WilliamsW0431787 - 1789Able SeamanThomas EllisonW043

Service History

23.5.1787Purchased at Unknown at a cost of £1950.0.0dBWAS-1714
26.5.1787Began coppering and fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
8.1787First commissionedBWAS-1714
1.8.1787Registered as an armed ship
23.12.1787Sailed for the PacificBWAS-1714
28.4.1789Crew MutiniedBWAS-1714
1791Burnt and sunk at Pitcairn IslandBWAS-1714
9.10.1878Completed coppering and fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £4456.0.0dBWAS-1714

Notes on Ship

Mercantile Bethia built in 1784 by Blaydes at Hull


Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Saturday 3rd of May 2014 19:00

"The Gentleman's Magazine"
Vol. 60 part 1, (1790)

Several remarkable events have lately happened at Sea, for which their singularly and importance, are worth to be recorded.

The first that attracted the public notice, was a mutiny on board the Bounty. This ship sailed from England, in the Autumn of 1787, on a voyage to the Society Islands for bread fruit trees, intended for our West Indie settlements; in which climate, it was the opinion of Sir Joseph Banks, they might be successfully cultivated and proved a succedaneum for other provisions in a time of scarcity. The Bounty had made good the object of her voyage, so far as to have received on board a great number of these trees in various stages of growth; and there was every prospect of their being capable of preservation.
The ship, thus laden, quitted Otaheite on the 4th of April 1789 and continued her coarse in a westerly direction, touching at one more island, and then meditating her progress; through the Pacific Ocean toward the Moluccas. The ship lost sight of the Friendly Islands on the 7th of that month and everything like good order was supposed to prevail on board; even the mid-watch was relieved without the least apparent disorder, but, at day break on the 28th, the cabin of Capt. Bligh, who commanded the Bounty, was forcibly entered by the officer of the watch, assisted by three others upon the watch, who dragged him instantly on deck, menacing his life if he attempted to speak. His endeavours to exhort and bring back the conspirators to their duty proved of no avail. Each of the desperadoes was armed with a drawn cutlass, or fixed bayonet; and all their muskets were avowed to be charged.

Captain Bligh discovered, when he came on deck, several of the crew, and most of the officers, were pinioned; and while he was thus contemplating their perilous state, the ship's boat was let over the side., and all who were not on the part of the conspirators, to the number of eighteen, besides the Captain, were committed to the boat, and no other nourishment afforded them than about 140 pounds of bread, 30 pounds of meat, one gallon and a half of rum, a like portion of wine, and a few gallons of water. A compass and quadrant were secured by one of these devoted victims, as he was stepping into the boat; and thus abandoned, the mutineers, after giving them a cheer, stood away, as they said, for Otaheite.

The Captain, in this dreadful situation, found his Boatswain, Carpenter, Gunner, Surgeon's mate, two Midshipman, and one Masters Mate, with Mr. Nelson, the Botanist, and a few inferior officers, among those who were likely to share his fate. After a short consultation, it was deemed expedient to put back to the Friendly Islands; and accordingly they landed on one of these, in hopes they might improve their small stock of provisions, on the 30th of April; but were driven off by the natives, two days after, and pursued with such hostility, that one man was killed and several wounded.

It was then deliberated, whether they should return to Otaheite, and throw themselves on the clemency of the natives; but the apprehension of falling in with the Bounty determined them, with one assent, to make the best of their way to Timor, and, to effect this enterprize, astonishing to relate! they calculated the distance, near 4000 miles; and, in order that their wretched supplies of provisions might endure till the reach the place of destination, they agreed to apportion their food to one once of bread, and one gill of water a day for each man. No other nourishment did they receive till the 5th or 6th of June, when they made the coast of New Holland, and collected a few shell fish; and with this scanty relief they held on their course to Timor, which they reached on the 12th, after having been forty six days in a crazy open boat too confined in dimensions to suffer any of them to lie down for repose, and without the least awning to protect them from the rain which almost incessantly fell for forty six days. A heavy sea and squally weather, for great part of their course, augmented their misery.

The Governor of this settlement, which belongs to the Dutch, afforded them every succour they required. They remained here to recruit their strength and spirits, till the 10th of August, when they procured a vessel to carry them to Batavia. They reached Batavia on the 2nd of October last, and from thence, Captain Bligh and two of the crew embarked for the Cape of Good Hope, and the rest of the crew were preparing to follow as soon as a passage could be obtained.

Captain Bligh reached the Cape about the middle of December, and soon after took his passage to England, which he reached on the evening of the 13th of March, and arrived in London on the 14th. The leader of the mutineers is named Fletcher Christian; a man of respectable family and connections, and considered a good seaman: he was of the rank of Master's Mate of the Bounty, and served regularly the watch from the time the ship sailed from England. The command of the Bounty thus devolving upon him, there was no possibility of defeating his purpose; as not the least previous circumstance could be t??? from the testimonies of the faithful part of the crew after they were in the boat. The mutineers were to the number of 25 and those who remained firm to their duty 19; consequently, had the slightest suspicion been entertained of the design, it might have been easily frustrated, as all the principal officers remained faithful to their Commander.

A conjecture, not improbable is, that the plot was projected while Captain Bligh was engaged on the shore at Otaheite and other islands, collecting plants, and making charts. This officer only holds the rank of Lieutenant in our Navy. His merit pointed him out to the Admiralty as highly qualified for this expedition; and the distress he had undergone entitled him to every navigating his little skiff through so dangerous a sea. His seamanship appears as matchless, as the undertaking seems beyond the verge of probability. We are sorry to add, that Mr. Nelson, the botanist, died soon after the boat reached Timor.

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