Magnificent

339
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered16.12.1761BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down15.4.1762BWAS-1714
Named18.4.1763BWAS-1714
Launched20.9.1766BWAS-1714
First Commissioned2.7.1778
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
Ship ClassRamillies Class
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorAdam Hayes (d.1785)BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Wrecked25.3.1804BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Length of Keel138' 2 ¾"Imperial Feet42.0815 
Breadth46' 10"Imperial Feet14.0208 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Draught Forward12' 6"Imperial Feet3.7338 
Draught Aft17' 4 ½"Imperial Feet5.1943 
Burthen1,612 6494Tons BM 

Armament


20.9.1766Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
25.4.1760550Design Complement

10 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.7.1778 - 14.11.1781CaptainJohn Elphinstone (1722-1785) ADM 6/21/427BWAS-171414.11.1781 - 27.6.1783CaptainRobert Linzee (c.1740-1805) ADM 6/22/364BWAS-17148.6.1787 - 31.3.1789CaptainGeorge Cranfield Berkeley (1753-1818): on board from 13.6.1787 ADM 6/23/398BWAS-171431.3.1789 - 5.9.1791CaptainRichard Onslow (1741-1817) ADM 6/23/517BWAS-171422.6.1795 - 8.3.1796CaptainMathew Squire (d.1800)BWAS-171418.7.1798 - 3.1801CaptainEdward BowaterBWAS-17143.1801CaptainPeter Turner Bover (1772-1802)BWAS-17143.1801 - 4.1802CaptainEdward BowaterBWAS-17144.1802 - 1.10.1802CaptainJohn GiffardBWAS-17145.1803 - 25.3.1804CaptainWilliam RickettsBWAS-1714

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
4.1800 - 7.5.1800Acting LieutenantRichard BluettNBD1849

4 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1765 - 11.5.1765CarpenterMilburn Warren ADM 6/20/74ADM 6/2014.6.1787 - 25.5.1790MasterJohn Chadwick (d.1814)ADM29-11.6.1797 - 20.9.1798CarpenterRichard BryantADM29-11.6.1802 - 31.8.1802MasterJohn W TrotterADM29-1

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1786 - 8.1792MidshipmanEdward Berry (1768-1831)ref:6167.1799 - 7.1802MidshipmanJohn Popham Baker (1784-1859)NBD18491803MidshipmanWilliam Henry Shirreff (1785-1847)NBD1849

2 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
7.6.1789 - 21.5.1790Captain's ServantGeorge Vandepot Crosbe (1774-1826)BPvN4.6.1803 - 25.3.18041st Class VolunteerThomas Blakiston (1790-?)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
22.10.1766Completed at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness at a cost of £33074.0.0dBWAS-1714
2.1772Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
11.1774Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £8855.3.3dBWAS-1714
9.1778fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £7437.14.3dBWAS-1714
26.12.1778Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
6.7.1779Battle of Grenada
21.12.1779Action of 1779-12-21
17.4.1780Battle of Martinique
15.5.1780Action of March 15 1780
19.5.1780Action of March 19 1780
12.1780Paid offBWAS-1714
2.1781Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
12.1781RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1782Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £21175.2.7dBWAS-1714
6.2.1782Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
12.4.1782Battle of the Saintes
19.4.1782Battle of the Mona Passage
21.7.1782Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
5.9.1782Arrived at New YorkBWAS-1714
24.10.1782Left New YorkBWAS-1714
11.1782Blockade of St FrancoisBWAS-1714
1783Sailed home to pay offBWAS-1714
15.2.1783Action of 15th February 1783
27.6.1783Paid offADM 51
10.1784Began small repair at UnknownBWAS-1714
4.1785Completed small repair at a cost of £12464.4.6dBWAS-1714
6.1787RecommissionedBWAS-1714
9.1787fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
5.9.1791

Paid off

BWAS-1714
10.1794fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
2.1795Began middling repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
6.1795RecommissionedBWAS-1714
7.1795Completed middling repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £14407.0.0dBWAS-1714
3.1796Paid offBWAS-1714
3.1796Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
10.1798Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £39558.0.0dBWAS-1714
17.3.1799

Sailed from Portsmouth

TNC
18.3.1799

Arrived at Plymouth from Portsmouth

TNC
1.4.1799

Sailed from Plymouth

TNC
1.6.1799Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
4.1802Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
1.10.1802

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
7.1803fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £12024.0.0dBWAS-1714
25.3.1804Wrecked on the Black Rocks off BrestBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ADM29-1ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
BPvNBiografisch Portaal van Nederland Web Site
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
TNCThe Naval ChronicalVariousPeriodical
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Jeremy Stone on Tuesday 3rd of April 2012 10:15

Captain John Giffard took command of HMS Magnificent in February 1801 upon transfer from HMS Active. In April 1802, Giffard & the Magnificent helped to quell the mutiny by the 8th West India Regiment at Dominica. My 4th great grandfather, Lieut. Andrew Crawford served on the Magnificent between May & September 1802.

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