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Royal Oak -> 1805 Assistance

346
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered16.11.1765BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down5.1766BWAS-1714
Launched13.11.1769BWAS-1714
First Commissioned17.11.1770BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
Ship ClassRoyal Oak Class (1765)BWAS-1714
Designed by
John WilliamsBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1762-1778
BWAS-1714
Constructor
Israel PownollBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1741-1779
BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up2.11.1815BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Length of Keel138' 2"Imperial Feet42.0637 
Breadth46' 9"Imperial Feet14.0589 
Depth in Hold20' 0"Imperial Feet6.096 
Draught Forward12' 2"Imperial Feet3.683 
Draught Aft17' 10"Imperial Feet5.1816 
Burthen1,606 2194Tons BM 

Armament


13.11.1769Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
18.12.1765600Design Complement

23 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
17.11.1770 - 14.2.1772Captain
Molyneaux ShuldhamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1732-1793
ADM 6/20/315
BWAS-1714
14.2.1772 - 15.10.1773Captain
George BalfourBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1788
ADM 6/20/429
BWAS-1714
15.10.1773 - 1.11.1775Captain
Joseph DeaneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1779
ADM 6/20/522
BWAS-1714
1.11.1775 - 24.10.1776Captain
Sir Peter ParkerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1799
BWAS-1714
24.10.1776 - 26.1.1778Captain
Jonathon FaulknorBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1795
Transfered ADM 6/21/223
BWAS-1714
26.1.1778 - 29.4.1778Captain
Charles MiddletonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1806
Transfered ADM 6/21/357
ADM 6/21
29.4.1778 - 2.5.1778Captain
Henry Francis EvansBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1756-1781
ADM 6/21/397
BWAS-1714
21.7.1779 - 27.8.1779Captain
Sir George Home (7th Baronet of Blackadder)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1802
Transfered ADM 6/22/48
Issued by
John ByronBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1780
, North America
Confirmed 10.11.1779
ADM 6/22
27.8.1779 - 4.12.1779Captain
Sir Digby DentBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1758-1788
ADM 6/22/218
Issued by
John ByronBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1780
, North America
Confirmed 29.12.1780
BWAS-1714
4.12.1779 - 11.5.1780Captain
Thomas FitzherbertBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1794
Transfered ADM 6/22/68
Issued by
John ByronBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1780
, North America
Confirmed 22.12.1779
BWAS-1714
29.8.1780 - 30.11.1780Captain
William SwineyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1819
ADM 6/22/543
BWAS-1714
30.11.1780 - 14.1.1781Captain
Alexander EdgarBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1799
Transfered ADM 6/22/259
Issued by
Marriot ArbuthnotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1731-1793
, North America
Confirmed 10.3.1781
ADM 6/22
5.5.1781 - 1.10.1781Captain
John Plummer ArdesoifBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1782
ADM 6/22/348
Issued by
Marriot ArbuthnotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1731-1793
, North America
Confirmed 3.10.1781
BWAS-1714
1.10.1781 - 10.5.1782Captain
Thomas BurnettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1736-1782
ref:898
10.5.1782 - 6.6.1783Captain
Charles BucknerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1750-1808
ADM 6/23/88
BWAS-1714
1.1797 - 1798Lieutenant
James ShareBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1798
BWAS-1714
1798 - 1801Lieutenant
John RoweBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1801
BWAS-1714
7.1803 - 9.1805Lieutenant
Stephen LiddleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1805
BWAS-1714
9.1805 - 1806Lieutenant
James M'ArthurBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1805-1814
BWAS-1714
1806 - 1807Lieutenant
Thomas Cowper SherwinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1815
BWAS-1714
1808 - 1811Commodore
Hugh DownmanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1847
BWAS-1714
1809 - 1811Captain
Amelius BeauclerkBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1890
NBD1849
1812 - 1813Captain
Sir Robert MendsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1789-1790
BWAS-1714

3 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1772Vice-Admiral of the Red
Thomas PyeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1728-1783
BWAS-1714
4.1778 - 1779Rear-Admiral of the Blue
Hyde ParkerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1736-1782
Transfered
BWAS-1714
1781 - 6.1781Vice-Admiral of the White
Marriot ArbuthnotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1731-1793
BWAS-1714

5 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
10.3.1778 - 11.4.1778Fifth Lieutenant
Richard Hussey BickertonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1825
ADM 6/21/377
ref:616
11.4.1778 - 16.4.1778Fourth Lieutenant
Richard Hussey BickertonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1825
ADM 6/21/389
ref:616
22.11.1790 - 1790Second Lieutenant
Robert PerkinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1799
ADM 6/24/92
ADM 6/24
22.11.1790 - 1790Third Lieutenant
John StewartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790
ADM 6/24/93
ADM 6/24
22.11.1790 - 1790Fourth Lieutenant
John Chambers WhiteBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1845
ADM 6/24/93
ADM 6/24

3 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1768 - 15.11.1768Purser
Henry TophamBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1768-1778
Transfered ADM 6/20/221
ADM 6/20
1780Chaplain
John ColeBritish
Naval Sailor
Clergyman
Service 1780
ref:616
15.12.1798 - 21.4.1802Master
William TatlockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1802
ADM 29-1

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
20.11.1776 - 8.12.1776Master's Mate
Jonathon FaulknorBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1808
Transfered ADM 107/6/371
ADM 107/6
5.1780 - 8.1780Midshipman
Christopher ColeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1828
WWNH
16.12.1799 - 6.1801Midshipman
Edward Thomas CrouchBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1821
NBD1849

2 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1770Volunteer
Manley DixonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1825
ref:616
16.6.1798 - 15.12.1799Able Seaman
Edward Thomas CrouchBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1821
NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
11.1770Commissioned for the Falkland Islands dispute, then as a guard ship at Portsmouth until 1778BWAS-1714
1771Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
13.4.1771Completed at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £29914.16.10dBWAS-1714
13.4.1771Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £9391.14.4dBWAS-1714
11.1771refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
22.6.1773Spithead reviewBWAS-1714
2.5.1778Paid offADM 51
13.12.1778Sailed to the West IndiesBWAS-1714
1779In the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
6.7.1779Battle of Grenada
1.1780Began coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
3.1780Completed coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £12286.12.1dBWAS-1714
17.5.1780Sailed to North AmericaBWAS-1714
13.7.1780Arrived in North AmericaBWAS-1714
16.3.1781Battle of Cape Henry
12.8.1781Took the Sloop
Aurora (16) 1780-1781
American 16 Gun
Privateer Sloop

5.9.1781Battle of the Chesapeake
5.12.1781Sailed to the West IndiesBWAS-1714
12.4.1782Battle of the Saintes
21.7.1782Sailed to AmericaBWAS-1714
6.6.1783Paid offADM 51
11.1796fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £1734.0.0dBWAS-1714
1.1797Refitted as a Unrated Prison Ship
25.10.1805Renamed AssistanceBWAS-1714
28.7.1809Walcheren Expedition
1814In ordinaryBWAS-1714
14.12.1814Battle of Lake Borgne


Notes on Ship


DimensionsBWAS-1714
The dimensions quoted from this source are as designed, not as built.

 

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